Birthdays in History on June 16

  • 1139 Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
  • 1332 Isabella de Coucy, English princess, daughter of Edward III, born at Woodstock Palace (d. 1382)
  • 1514 John Cheke, English classical scholar (d. 1557)
  • 1583 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl, chancellor and regent
  • 1606 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (d. 1675)
  • 1613 John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
  • 1633 Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (d. 1667)
  • 1644 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
  • 1713 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1786)

Adam SmithAdam Smith (1723-1790)

Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher (date of baptism), born in Kirkaldy, Fife, Scotland

  • 1738 Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher (d. 1816)
  • 1754 Salawat Yulayev, Bashkir national hero and poet (d. 1800)
  • 1792 John Linnell, English artist (d. 1882)
  • 1792 Sir Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855)
  • 1801 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1806 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1813 Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • 1820 Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • 1826 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)

GeronimoGeronimo (1829-1909)

Apache leader and resistance fighter, born in No-doyohn Canon, Mexico

  • 1834 Wesley Merritt, American Major General (Union Army), 1st American Military Governor of the Philippines, born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1837 Eli Long, American Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • 1838 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1840 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1842 David Herold, American pharmacist's assistant who was part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln, born in Maryland (d. 1865)
  • 1858 Gustav V, king of Sweden (1907-50), born in Stockholm (d. 1950)
  • 1861 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian

Arthur MeighenArthur Meighen (1874-1960)

9th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1920-21, 1926), born in Anderson, Ontario

  • 1879 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • 1879 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees the boy)

Mohammad MosaddeghMohammad Mosaddegh (1882-1967)

Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, born in Tehran, Persia

  • 1888 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Jean-Pierre Peugeot III, French auto manufacturer (Peugeot) (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Murray Leinster [William Fitzgerald Jenkins], American science-fiction author (Time Tunnel; Land of the Giants), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (Doubleday)
  • 1900 Jan van Tilburg, Dutch politician and governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Barbara McClintock, American cytogeneticist (Jumping Genes, Nobel 1983)
  • 1902 George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • 1902 Kornelis Posthumus, Dutch chemist
  • 1904 Gerard Holt, Dutch architect
  • 1907 John Hadfield, British author and publisher (Love on a Branch Line), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1999)
  • 1909 Archie Carr, American ecologist and zoologist (conservation of sea turtles), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • 1910 Richard Barrer, New Zealand-born chemist (father of zeolite chemistry) (d. 1996)

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell (1912-1998)

British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member infamous for his "Rivers of Blood" speech, born in Birmingham, England

  • 1912 John Peel, British politician (C), (d. 2004)
  • 1915 John Tukey, American statistician (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Joseph Kagan, Lithuanian-British businessman, and inventor (Gannex raincoats), born in Kaunas, Russsian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Mariano Rumor, Italian statesman (Prime Minister of Italy 1968-70, 1973-4, born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1917 Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • 1917 Irving Penn, American fashion and fine art photographer, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 2009)
  • 1917 Katharine Graham, American newspaper publisher (Washington Post), born in NYC, New York
  • 1920 John Howard Griffin, American photographer, journalist and author (Black Like Me), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1920 José López Portillo, President of Mexico (1976-82), born in Mexico City (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Raymond Urgel Lemieux, Canadian scientist, born in Lac La Biche, Alberta (d. 2000)
  • 1924 Idries Shah, Indian author and Sufi teacher, born in Simla, British India (d. 1996)

Efraín Ríos MonttEfraín Ríos Montt (1926-2018)

Guatemalan general and dictator convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity, born in Huehuetenango, Guatemala

  • 1929 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, 5th Emir of Kuwait (2006-2020), Commander of the Kuwait Military Forces, born in Kuwait City, Kuwait (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, British community activist, born in Jamaica (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Robert Freeman Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Oregon), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2020)
  • 1932 Ralph Robins, British CEO (Rolls-Royce)
  • 1933 Joachim Nowotny, German writer, born in Rietschen, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1934 Elvira Vinogradova, Russian TV persona
  • 1934 William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1935 Jim Dine, American pop artist (St John the Divine), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1936 August Willemsen, Dutch poet and translator
  • 1937 August Busch III, American CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)
  • 1937 Erich Segal, American author (Love Story, Oliver's Story), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1937 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria (1943-46) Prime Minister of Bulgaria (2001-5), born in Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1938 Joyce Carol Oates, American novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights), born in New York
  • 1938 Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer (The Way of a Serpent), born in Norsjö, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Hans Dorrestijn, Dutch cabaret performer
  • 1940 Neil Goldschmidt, American politician (Governor of Oregon 1987-91), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • 1941 Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist, born in Sialkot, Pakistan (d. 2011)
  • 1942 Alan "Howling Laud" Hope, British politician and leader of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP), born in Mytchett, Surrey
  • 1942 Giacomo Agostini, Italian world motorcycle race champion, born in Lovere, Italy
  • 1945 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1946 Jodi Rell, American politician (Governor of Connecticut 2004-11), born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1946 Neil MacGregor, British arts administrator (Director of the British National Gallery and the British Museum), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1947 -minu [Hans-Peter Hammel], Swiss columnist and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1952 George Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (2009-11), born in St Paul, Minnesota
  • 1954 Jeffrey S. Ashby, American astronaut (sk: STS 85), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1955 Simon Bailey, priest, 1st British priest to say he had AIDS, born in Halifax, West Yorkshire (d. 1995)
  • 1965 Andrea M. Ghez, American astronomer (2020 Nobel Prize for Physics for work on black holes), born in New York City
  • 1971 Daliah Wachs "Dr. Daliah", American radio host, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1974 Paul Lee, British sculptural artist
  • 1993 Alice Ann Newman, daughter of Gretchen & Randy