On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 17

Person of interestEdward I

1239 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1603 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, born in Copertino, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1663)
  • 1604 Johan Maurits, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (Maurits House), born in Dillenburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1679)
  • 1682 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), born in Tre Kronor, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1718)
  • 1691 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, born in Piacenza, Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • 1693 Johann Georg Walch, German theologian, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1775)
  • 1714 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), born in Thury-sous-Clermont, Oise, France (d. 1784)
  • 1718 George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • 1742 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)
  • 1756 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, French member of Committee of Salut Public, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1820)
  • 1808 Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, Dutch writer and publisher (The Guide), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1875)
  • 1808 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1845)
  • 1810 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, born in Detmold, Principality of Lippe (d. 1876)
  • 1811 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, born in Hrafnseyri, Arnarfjörður, Iceland (d. 1879)
  • 1817 Thomas Maley Harris, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wood County, West Virginia (d. 1906)
  • 1818 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, born in Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1877)

  • 1823 John Henry Hobart Ward, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1903)
  • 1828 Johan Karel Jakob De Jonge, Dutch historian, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1880)
  • 1830 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1913)
  • 1832 William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium), born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1837 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • 1839 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted for ritualist activities, born in Cranbrook, Kent (d. 1931)
  • 1845 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • 1858 Eben Sumner Draper, American businessman and politician (44th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Hopedale, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1867 John Robert Gregg, Irish-American inventor of a shorthand system Gregg Shorthand, born in Rockcorry, Ireland (d. 1948)
  • 1867 Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet (n the Days When the World Was Wide and Other Verses), born in Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1922)
  • 1870 George Cormack, American cereal inventor (Wheaties), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Person of interestJames Weldon Johnson

1871 James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1871 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, born in Botoșani, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1878 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1880 Carl Van Vechten, American writer famous for the controversial novel "Nigger Heaven", born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1884 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, born in Batavia (d. 1973)

  • 1888 Heinz Guderian, German general during WWII, born in Kulm, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1898 M. C. Escher, Dutch graphic artist and lithograph carver (Praedestinatie), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1898 Carl Hermann, German physicist, born in Wesermünde, Germany (d. 1961)

Person of interestMartin Bormann

1900 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1903 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, born in Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Ruth Wakefield, American inventor (created the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Coenraad van Emde Boas, Dutch sexologist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1906 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, born in Walthamstow, Essex (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Charles Eames, American designer and architect, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1978)
  • 1908 Jacob "Jimmy" Herman Huizinga, journalist/Writer
  • 1908 Enrique Peralta Azurdia, Colonel and military President of Guatemala (1963-66), born in Guatemala City (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Elmer L. Andersen, 30th Governor of Minnesota (1961-63), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1911 Viktor Nekrasov, Ukrainian architect and author (Vokopach Stalingrada), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1987)
  • 1912 Wessel Couzijn, Dutch sculptor and cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Felix Hartlaub, German historian and writer, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1914 John Hersey, American author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall), born in Tientsin, China (d. 1993)
  • 1915 Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist and Holocaust survivor, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • 1918 Maldwyn Thomas, Welsh businessman and Liberal Party politician (d. 2002)
  • 1918 Ajahn Chah, Thai Buddhist meditation master, born in Ubon, Thailand (d. 1992)
  • 1919 Kingman Brewster, American educator and president of Yale University, born in Longmeadow, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1919 Max Dendermonde [Hendrik Hazelhoff], Dutch literary, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1920 François Jacob, French biologist and bacteriologist (Nobel 1965), born in Nancy, France (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Patrick Duffy, British politician (L), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1920 Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (US Representative 1960-1971), born in The Bronx, NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1924 Gotthold Gloger, German writer and painter, born in Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Henk Hoekstra, Dutch politician (Dutch Communist Party), born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Alan Walters, British political economist (Chief Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher), born in Leicester, England (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Austin Murphy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in North Charleroi, Pennsylvania
  • 1927 Lucio Fulci, Italian director "Godfather of Gore", born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Michael L. Strang, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1931 John Baldessari, American artist, born in National City, California
  • 1932 John Murtha, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in New Martinsville, West Virginia (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Harry Browne, American free-market libertarian writer, politician, and investment analyst (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Anthony Bevilacqua, Roman Catholic Cardinal (Philadelphia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Peter Michael, English electronic manufacturer (UEI, Paintbox)
  • 1939 Donald Anderson, British Labour Party politician, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1939 Hanna Johansen, Swiss writer, born in Bremen, Germany
  • 1940 Tony Marlow, British Conservative Party politician, born in Greenwich, London

Person of interestGeorge Akerlof

1940 George Akerlof, American economist (The Market for Lemons) and 2001 Nobel laureate, born in New Haven, Connecticut

Economist George Akerlof
Economist
George Akerlof
  • 1942 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt

Person of interestNewt Gingrich

1943 Newt Gingrich, American politician (Rep-R-GA, 1979-99) and Speaker of the House (1995-97), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

US Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
US Speaker of the House
Newt Gingrich
  • 1943 Burt Rutan, American aerospace engineer, born in Estacada, Oregon
  • 1944 Chris Spedding, English rocker (Sharks), born in Staveley, Derbyshire, England
  • 1945 Tommy Franks, American general, born in Wynnewood, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London
  • 1946 Marcy Kaptur, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1946 Peter Rosei, Austrian writer (Wer war Edgar Allan?), born in Vienna
  • 1955 Gail Jones, Australian author (Dreams of Speaking), born in Harvey, Western Australia
  • 1958 Sam Hamad, Syrian-born Canadian politician, born in Damascus, Syria
  • 1966 Tory Burch, American fashion designer (Tory Burch LLC), born in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • 1971 Mildred Fox, Irish Independent politician (1995-2007)
  • 1977 Bernardo Federico Tomas, Prince of Netherlands