On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 18

  • 1269 Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar, born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (d. 1298)
  • 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock, English princess, daughter of Edward II, Duchess of Guelders, wife of Reinoud II, born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire (d. 1355)
  • 1466 Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer, born in Fossombrone, Italy (d. 1539)
  • 1511 Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Settignano, Italy (d. 1592)
  • 1517 Emperor Ōgimachi, 106th Emperor of Japan (d. 1593)
  • 1552 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, born in Savona, Italy (d. 1637)
  • 1581 Thomas Overbury, English poet (A Wife) and essayist, born in Compton Scorpion, Warwickshire, England (d. 1613)
  • 1667 Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
  • 1681 Feofan Prokopovich, Russian Orthodox theologian and Archbishop of Novgorod, born in Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1736)
  • 1716 Joseph-Marie Vien, French court painter, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1809)
  • 1740 Karel van Poucke, Flemish sculptor, born in Diksmuide, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1809)
  • 1757 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician and 1st Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1833)
  • 1758 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist and politician, born in Colombo (d. 1818)
  • 1799 William Lassell, British astronomer who discovered satellites of Uranus and Neptune, born in Bolton, England (d. 1880)
  • 1809 Sylvanus William Godon, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1879)
  • 1812 Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • 1824 Johannes Heykamp, Catholic archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1839 William Henry Seward Jr, American banker and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Auburn, New York (d. 1920)
  • 1845 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1854 Edward Wyllis Scripps, American publisher who organized 1st major chain of newspapers in the US, born in Rushville, Illinois
  • 1857 Henry Clay Folger, American CEO of Standard Oil and founder of the Folger Shakespeare Library, born in NYC, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1858 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist
  • 1860 Hugo Loudon, CEO (Royal Dutch Oil [Shell])
  • 1861 José Trindade Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores), born in Mogadouro, Portugal (d. 1908)
  • 1863 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1868 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungarian admiral/regent (1910-44)
  • 1870 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • 1877 James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam), born in Pelham, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • 1882 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]

Person of interestÉdouard Daladier

1884 Edouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, born in Carpentras, Vaucluse, France (d. 1970)

Prime Minister of France Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
Édouard Daladier

Person of interestGeorge Mallory

1886 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England (d. 1924)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1886 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • 1889 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • 1891 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • 1895 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian (d. 2009)
  • 1896 Philip Barry, American dramatist (Philadelphia Story)
  • 1899 James Ralph Darling, English Australian teacher and head of the Australian Broadcasting Commission, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1995)

Person of interestAnastasia Nikolaevna

1901 Anastasia Nikolaevna, youngest daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1903 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Le diable ouch corps)
  • 1907 Froelich Rainey, American anthropologist and quiz moderator (What in the World), born in Black River Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Bud Collyer, American TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1908 Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Sylvia Porter, financial writer (Sylvia Porter's Money Book)
  • 1915 Red Adair, American oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Bert Schierbeek, Dutch writer and poet (Cross Roads), born in Glanerbrug, Overijssel (d. 1996)
  • 1919 TedLeadbitter, British politician (Labour), born in Easington, England (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Edwin Clarke, British neurologist, medical historian,and museum keeper, born in Felling-on-Tyne, England (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Jerome Karle, American chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, born in New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Aster Berkhof [Louis Van de Bergh], Flemish writer (Furious Christ), born in Rijkevorsel, Belgium (d. 2020)
  • 1922 Donald Keene, American Japanese translator and critic, born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Liesbeth den Uyl-van Vessem, Dutch feminist and wife of Prime Minister Joop den Uyl, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1925 Rex Collings, English publisher (Rex Collings), (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • 1926 Tom Wicker, American columnist (covered assassination of JFK for NY Times) and author, born in Hamlet, North Carolina (d. 2011)
  • 1927 John Phillipps Kenyon, English historian, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Michael Blakemore, British theater director (Country Life)
  • 1928 David T. Lykken, American behavioral geneticist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2006)
  • 1929 James Bishop, English editor (deputy editor of The Times), born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher (Frankfurter Schule), born in Düsseldorf
  • 1931 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian politician and sociologist, President of Brazil (1995 - 2002), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1932 Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Brian Kenny, British Army officer, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe), born in Aldershot, England (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Carl de Winter, sect-gen (Federation of British Artists)
  • 1934 Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Hugh McColl, American banker, born in Bennettsville, South Carolina
  • 1936 Ian Spurling, Australian born ballet designer (The Royal Ballet), born in South Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1936 Ronald Venetian, President of Suriname (1991-96, 2000-2010), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1937 Gail Godwin, American author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • 1937 Jay Rockefeller, American politician (Sen-D-West Virginia 1985-2015), born in New York City
  • 1937 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • 1938 Joop Worrell, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1938 Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
  • 1940 Bob Duncan, prison warden (Gartree Prison in UK)

Person of interestThabo Mbeki

1942 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape

President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki
President of South Africa
Thabo Mbeki
  • 1946 Russell Ash, British author ('the human Google'), born in Surrey, England
  • 1946 Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
  • 1949 William Randolph Hearst III, American publisher and editor
  • 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president (2005-10), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949 Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish lawyer and politician (head of Law and Justice party), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1952 Idriss Déby, Chadian politician & military officer (President of Chad, 1990–2021), born in Berdoba, Chad (d. 2021)
  • 1962 Jan[ice] Merrill, track star (US record long distance holder 1979)
  • 1964 Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1969 Christopher Largen, American author, born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1976 Witte Wartena, Dutch artist
  • 1981 Teresa Cormack, New Zealand child murder victim (d. 1987)
  • 1981 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 2006 Countess Zaria of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg