On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 19

  • 1301 Prince Morikuni, 9th shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, born in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1333)
  • 1507 Annibale Caro, Italian writer and poet (Lettere familiare), born in Civitanova Marche, Italy (d. 1566)

Person of interestJames I and VI

1566 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1625)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1606 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1608 Thomas Fuller, British scholar, preacher and historian (History of the Worthies of Britain), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1661)

Person of interestBlaise Pascal

1623 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1662)

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1633 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • 1741 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver and art collector, born in Amsterdam (d. 1816)
  • 1749 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • 1764 John Barrow, 1st Baronet, English statesman and founder of the Royal Geographical Society, born in Ulverston, Lancashire, England (d. 1848)
  • 1764 Jose Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, born in Montevideo (d. 1850)
  • 1771 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
  • 1782 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), born in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France (d. 1854)
  • 1783 Thomas Sully, American portrait painter (Queen Victoria), born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1872)
  • 1790 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1792 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)

  • 1811 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • 1814 Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1815 Cornelius Krieghoff, Dutch-Canadian painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)
  • 1816 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1899)
  • 1834 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist, born in Kelvedon, Essex, England (d. 1892)
  • 1846 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer, born in San Pietro di Gorizia (d. 1928)
  • 1850 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat and author, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • 1856 Elbert Hubbard, American editor, publisher and author (Message to Garcia), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1915)
  • 1858 Dirk Fock, Dutch politician and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1921-26), born in Wijk bij Duurstede, Netherlands (d. 1941)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1861 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig

Person of interestJose Rizal

1861 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1865 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and businessman, born in Hanover (d. 1951)
  • 1874 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist, born in Sig, Varde, Denmark (d. 1941)
  • 1880 Jóhann Sigurjónsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), born in Laxamýri, Iceland (d. 1919)
  • 1884 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Enrico Celio, Swiss lawyer and President of Switzerland (1943), born in Ambrì, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Adriaan Franciscus Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor and co-founder (Union National Arubano), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1965)

Person of interestWallis Simpson

1896 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1898 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1968)
  • 1899 George Călinescu, Romanian literature (Enigma Otilei), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1965)

  • 1903 Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
  • 1906 Ernst Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1945 - for his work on penicillin), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
  • 1907 George de Mestral, Swiss engineer (invented Velcro), born in Colombier, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91)
  • 1909 Osamu Dazai, Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human)
  • 1910 Frederick Harry Baines, painter
  • 1914 Alan Cranston, American politician (Sen-D-CA, 1969-1993), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Morgan Morgan-Giles, British Naval officer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwan minister (ZAPUA)
  • 1918 Evelle Jansen Younger, American prosecutor (Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan), born in Stamford, Nebraska (d. 1989)
  • 1921 Allan Davis, London mayor (1985-86), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Herman Berserik, Dutch painter and graphic artist
  • 1921 Howell Heflin, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama, 1979-97), born in Poulan, Georgia (d. 2005)
  • 1924 David Scott, British priest, Chaplain to the Queen (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Wassil Bykau, Belarusian writer, born in Bytschki, Vitebsk Region (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Sybren Polet [Sijbe Minnema], Dutch writer and poet (Mannekino), born in Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands (d. 2015)

  • 1925 Alfred Nzo, South African General Secretary of the ANC (1969-91), born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Luciano Benjamín Menéndez, Argentine general, Commander of the Third Army Corps (1975-79), and convicted human rights violator and murderer, born in San Martín, Buenos Aires (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Raymond Powell, British MP
  • 1930 Bryan Kneale, British sculptor
  • 1933 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11), born in Aktobe, Kazakhstan (d. 1971)
  • 1934 Terence Clark, British diplomat
  • 1938 Charles Gwathmey, architect (5 Architects)
  • 1938 John Sheil, Northern Irish High Court judge
  • 1939 Peter Duffell, Brits lt-general/minister of Defense
  • 1941 Václav Klaus, Czech politician and former president
  • 1941 Conchita Carpio-Morales, Filipino Supreme Court justice and jurist
  • 1942 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • 1942 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )

Person of interestAung San Suu Kyi

1945 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1945 Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life)
  • 1945 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • 1947 James T Walsh, (Rep-R-NY)

Person of interestSalman Rushdie

1947 Salman Rushdie, British-Indian novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses), born in Mumbai, India

Novelist Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
  • 1951 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1952 Robert Ainsworth, British MP
  • 1954 Jim Cooper, (Rep-D-TN, 1983- )
  • 1954 Michael O'Brien, British MP
  • 1957 Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
  • 1959 Kimberley Leston, British journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1959 Anne Hidalgo, French Spanish politician, 1st female Mayor of Paris (2014-), born in San Fernando, Spain
  • 1960 Heike Walpot, German, cosmonaut

Person of interestBoris Johnson

1964 Boris Johnson, British Conservative politician, (Prime Minister, 2019-present; Mayor of London, 2008-2016), born in NYC, New York

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson
  • 1965 Luc Donckerwolke, Belgian car designer
  • 1966 Joichi Ito, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1967 Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
  • 1968 Alastair Lynch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1969 Thomas Breitling, American entrepreneur
  • 1970 Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician
  • 1978 Garfield the Cat, animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
  • 1979 John Ford, American software engineer
  • 2008 Maddie Aldridge, daughter of Jamie Lynn Spears