Birthdays in History on June 20

  • 236 BC Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War (d. 183 BC)
  • 1005 Ali az-Zahir, caliph (d. 1036)
  • 1389 John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (d. 1435)

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1566 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1583 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
  • 1634 Charles Emanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75)
  • 1642 George Hickes, English linguistic (Old German Philology)
  • 1647 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91)
  • 1674 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and playwright (Tamerlane), Poet Laureate (1715-18), born in Little Barford, Bedfordshire (d. 1718)
  • 1694 Hans A Brorson, Danish poet/bishop of Ribe
  • 1717 Jacques Saly, French sculptor (d. 1776)
  • 1723 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian
  • 1723 Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (d. 1808)
  • 1733 Betty Washington sister of George Washington
  • 1737 Tokugawa Ieharu, tenth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan (1760 to 1786), born in Edo, Japan (d. 1786)
  • 1743 Anna L Barbauld, writer of hymns

  • 1763 Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish nationalist
  • 1770 Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
  • 1771 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1786 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • 1808 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
  • 1823 Jesse Lee Reno, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1862)
  • 1824 George E Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • 1824 John Tyler Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1833 Leon-J-F Bonnat, painter
  • 1852 Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, minister of interior (1866..88) [or Jul 20]
  • 1858 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits)
  • 1858 Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
  • 1861 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • 1866 Ivans, [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer/detective writer
  • 1866 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1868 Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame
  • 1872 George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Othenio Able, Austrian paleontologist
  • 1885 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1887 Arnaut Colnot, painter and graphic artist
  • 1887 Kurt Schwitters, German/British dada-artist/poet (collages)
  • 1889 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • 1891 John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)

  • 1894 George Delacorte, American philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York
  • 1894 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry
  • 1897 Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • 1899 Jean Moulin, hero of the French Resistance (WWII)
  • 1901 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo, German Foreign Minister
  • 1905 Lillian Hellman, American playwright (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1984)
  • 1911 Lord Brightman, British judge of appeals
  • 1912 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Terence Young, director (Dr No, Thunderball), born in Shanghai, China
  • 1915 Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1916 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
  • 1917 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation), creator of Ranger Rick, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
  • 1920 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge
  • 1923 Marcus Bakker, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • 1924 Rainer Barzel, German leader (CDU-CSU)/minister
  • 1924 Fritz Koenig, German sculptor (Sphere at World Trade Center), born in Wurzburg (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Arthur Bell, royal botanic gardens director (Kew Gardens)
  • 1928 David Mitchell, British MP, born in rural Buckinghamshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Jean-Marie le Pen, French leader (National Front party)
  • 1929 Edith Windsor [née Schlain], American LGBT rights activist (lead plaintiff in United States v. Windsor), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1930 John Waine, bishop (Chelmsford)
  • 1930 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • 1932 Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet poet, born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1933 Claire Tomalin, biographer/editor
  • 1933 Earl of Cranbrook, CEO (Nature Conservancy Council)
  • 1934 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • 1935 Anthony Pilkington, CEO (Pilkington Pic)
  • 1940 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1941 Ulf D Merbold, German physicist/astronaut (STS 9, 42, Soyuz TM-19)
  • 1945 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • 1945 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • 1946 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
  • 1946 Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1947 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
  • 1947 Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1947 Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1948 Nigel Morris, rocker (Isotope)
  • 1948 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • 1951 Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1952 Vikram Seth, Indian poet
  • 1953 Brian J Duffy, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 45, 57, 72, sk:92), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1953 Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1970 Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1970 Andrea Nahles, German politician, Leader of Social Democratic Party (2018-), born in Mendig, West Germany
  • 1970 Bruce Woodcock, American computer games analyst
  • 1978 Quinton Jackson, American Mixed Martial Artist