Birthdays in History on June 20

  • 236 BC Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War, born in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic (d. 183 BC)
  • 1005 Ali az-Zahir, 7th Caliph of the Fātimids (1021-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1036)
  • 1389 John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford, English prince, general (Hundred Years' War) and statesman, born in Kenilworth, England (d. 1435)

Sigismund III VasaSigismund III Vasa (1566-1632)

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden

  • 1583 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), born in Reval (Tallinn), Swedish Estonia (d. 1652)
  • 1634 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1675)
  • 1642 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), born in Newsham, Thirsk, Yorkshire (d. 1715)
  • 1647 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1691)
  • 1674 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and playwright (Tamerlane), Poet Laureate (1715-18), born in Little Barford, Bedfordshire (d. 1718)
  • 1694 Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Pietist bishop, born in Randerup, Denmark (d. 1764)
  • 1717 Jacques Saly, French sculptor, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1776)
  • 1723 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, born in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1816)
  • 1723 Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian and clergyman, born in Middlewich, Cheshire (d. 1808)
  • 1733 Betty Washington, younger sister of George Washington, born in Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia (d. 1797)
  • 1737 Tokugawa Ieharu, tenth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan (1760 to 1786), born in Edo, Japan (d. 1786)

Wolfe ToneWolfe Tone (1763-1798)

Irish republican and revolutionary figure (United Irishmen), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1770 Moses Waddel, American educator, minister and bestselling author (Memoirs of the Life of Miss Caroline Elizabeth Smelt), born in Rowan County, North Carolina (d. 1840)
  • 1771 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, born in St Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1820)
  • 1786 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), born in Douai, France (d. 1859)
  • 1808 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1823 Jesse Lee Reno, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1862)
  • 1824 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • 1824 John Tyler Morgan, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Tennessee (d. 1907)
  • 1833 Léon Bonnat, French painter, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1922)
  • 1858 Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (The Conjure Woman), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1932)
  • 1858 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1928)
  • 1861 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • 1866 Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer and detective writer, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1868 Helen Miller Shepard, American philanthropist who established Hall of Fame, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1938)
  • 1872 George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1927)
  • 1887 Floyd Collins, American cave owner and caver (died in Sand Cave rescue), born in Logan County, Kentucky (d. 1925) [1]
  • 1887 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), born in Hanover (d. 1948)
  • 1889 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • 1891 John A. Costello, 3rd Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, born in Dublin (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)
  • 1894 George Delacorte, American philanthropist and publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1894 Lloyd Hall, African-American chemist and pioneer in food chemistry (science of food preservation), born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, born in Béziers, France (d. 1943)
  • 1901 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Heinrich von Brentano, German politician (Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Offenbach, German Empire (d. 1964)

Lillian HellmanLillian Hellman (1905-1984)

American playwright (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1911 John Brightman, Baron Brightman, British judge of appeals, born in Sandridge, Hertfordshire (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1916 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • 1916 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation), creator of Ranger Rick, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer, born in Magyarcsaholy, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1920 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge, born in Cardiff (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Marcus Bakker, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • 1924 Fritz Koenig, German sculptor (Sphere at World Trade Center), born in Wurzburg (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Rainer Barzel, German politician (CDU-CSU) and minister, born in Braunsberg, East Prussia, Free State of Prussia (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Arthur Bell, Director of Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew Gardens), born in Gosforth, Northumberland (d. 2006)
  • 1928 David Mitchell, British MP, born in rural Buckinghamshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Jean-Marie le Pen, French leader (National Front party)
  • 1929 Edith Windsor [née Schlain], American LGBT rights activist (lead plaintiff in United States v. Windsor), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1930 John Waine, bishop (Chelmsford)
  • 1930 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • 1932 Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet poet, born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1933 Claire Tomalin, English biographer and editor, born in London, England
  • 1933 Earl of Cranbrook, CEO (Nature Conservancy Council)
  • 1933 Peter T. Kirstein, British computer scientist 'European father of the internet' (Internet Protocol,), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • 1935 Anthony Pilkington, CEO (Pilkington Pic)
  • 1940 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1941 Ulf D Merbold, German physicist/astronaut (STS 9, 42, Soyuz TM-19)
  • 1945 David S. Monson, American politician (Rep-R-UT, 1985-87), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1945 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • 1946 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
  • 1946 Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1947 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
  • 1947 Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1947 Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1948 Ludwig Scotty, Nauruan politician (President of Nauru, 10 weeks in 2003, 2004-07; Speaker of Parliament, 2000-02, Feb- Apr 2004; 2010-16), born in Anabar, Nauru
  • 1949 Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Sri Lankan politician (President of Sri Lanka 2019-22), born in Palatuwa, Ceylon
  • 1951 Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1952 Vikram Seth, Indian poet and novelist (A Suitable Boy), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1953 Brian J Duffy, American USAF Major and astronaut (STS-45, -57, -72), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1953 Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1956 Anton Fier, American drummer (The Feelies; The Lounge Lizards; The Golden Palominos), and record producer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2022)
  • 1958 Droupadi Murmu, Indian tribal politician (President of India 2022-), born in Mayurbhanj district, India
  • 1958 Mark Milley, American general (Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff 2019-), born in Winchester, Massachusetts
  • 1969 Michael Gerber, American parody author, born in Elizabeth, New Jersey
  • 1970 Andrea Nahles, German politician, Leader of Social Democratic Party (2018-), born in Mendig, West Germany
  • 1970 Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1978 Quinton Jackson, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1983 Patrisse Cullors, American artist and civil rights activist (co-founded #BlackLivesMatter), born in Los Angeles, California