Birthdays in History on June 21

  • 1002 Pope Leo IX [Bruno, Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg], Catholic Church's 151st pope (1049-54), born in Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorraine, France (d. 1054)
  • 1226 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), born in Stary Korczyn, Busko, Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1564-76), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1603)
  • 1639 Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1723)
  • 1640 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1646 Maria Francisca of Savoy, Queen consort of Portugal, born in Hôtel de Nemours, Paris, France (d. 1683)
  • 1706 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, born in London, England (d. 1761)
  • 1712 Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral, born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Norinaga Motoori, Japanese scientist, born in Matsuzaka, Japan (d. 1801)
  • 1740 Hendrik van Wijn, Dutch histrorian and archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1831)
  • 1750 Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet, French artist, born in Le Havre, France (d. 1818)
  • 1759 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1817)
  • 1763 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, born in Sompuis, France (d. 1845)
  • 1764 Sidney Smith, British admiral, born in Westminster, London (d. 1840)
  • 1774 Daniel D. Tompkins, American politician, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), born in Scarsdale, New York (d. 1825)
  • 1781 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)

  • 1782 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, born in Olkhovatsky District, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1788 Princess Augusta of Bavaria, born in Strasbourg (d. 1851)
  • 1791 Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer, born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1876)
  • 1798 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer, born in Waldenburg, Silesia (d. 1873)
  • 1805 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1811 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • 1817 James Brewerton Ricketts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1818 Joseph Abel Haskin, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1823 Edward Elmer Potter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • 1825 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford, born in High Street, Knaresborough, England (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Joseph Rainey, American politician, 1st African American in US House of Representatives (1870-1879), born in Georgetown, South Carolina (d. 1887)
  • 1839 Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (Epitaph of a small winner), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1908)
  • 1839 John Decatur Barry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1867)
  • 1844 Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway) (d. 1909)
  • 1851 Daniel Carter Beard, American author, social reformer and founder of the Boy Scouts of America, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • 1859 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, born in Querfurt, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1862 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1943)
  • 1863 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1864 Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1945)
  • 1868 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist, born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1873 H. M. Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle), born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1876 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)

  • 1879 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist and illustrator (Candide), born in Montemurlo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician, born in Alma, Wisconsin (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Rockwell Kent, American artist, painter and illustrator (Canterbury Tales), born in Tarrytown, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1882 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • 1883 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Claude Auchinleck, British Army commander during the Second World War, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1981)
  • 1887 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist, born in Kingston, Ontario, Canada (d. 1956)
  • 1890 Frank Sherman Land, founder of the Order of DeMolay, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (Nuove Struttura), born in Sondrio, Italy (d. 1979)

Person of interestReinhold Niebuhr

1892 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • 1894 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Charles B. Momsen, American inventor, born in Flushing, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1898 Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer, born in Chicago (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (NINA, NY Times), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2003)

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

1905 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • 1908 William Frankena, American philosopher, born in Manhattan, Montana (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [OS=June 8]
  • 1912 Mary McCarthy, American novelist (Group), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1989)
  • 1914 William Vickrey, Canadian economist (Nobel 1996), born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • 1918 James Bysse Joll, British historian, born in Bristol, England (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Gérard Pelletier, French-Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat, born in Victoriaville, Canada (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Helen Cattanach, British Army Nursing Service (QARANC), born in Knockando, Morayshire, Scotland (d.1994)
  • 1921 Jean de Broglie, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1976)
  • 1924 Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker, born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Giovanni Spadolini, Italian historian and politician, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Valentin Gavriyilovich Yershov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1929 John Morgan, British ambassador (to Mexico)
  • 1930 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, born in Leeds (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Patricia Lindop, radio biologist
  • 1930 Peter Marshall, police commissioner (London)
  • 1931 Margaret Heckler, US Secretary of Health & Human Services (1983-85)
  • 1932 Bernard Ingham, British journalist and press secretary for Margaret Thatcher, born in Hebden Bridge, United Kingdom
  • 1934 Wulf Kirsten, German writer, born in Klipphausen, Meissen
  • 1935 Francoise Sagan, [Quoirez], French novelist (Bonjour Trieste), born in Cajarc, France
  • 1937 Anna Davies, prof of Comparative Philology (Oxford U)
  • 1938 Dan Burton, (Rep-R-IN, 1983- )
  • 1939 Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1940 Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
  • 1942 Marg Margolies-Mezvinsky, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • 1942 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1942 Togo West Jr., American attorney and public official (3rd Secretary of Veterans Affairs 1998-2000), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • 1944 Miguel Danus, Vicens rocker
  • 1945 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • 1946 Kate Hoey, British MP (Labour)
  • 1946 Malcolm Rifkind, British QC MP (Sect of State for Defense)
  • 1946 Maurice Saatchi, English advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi)
  • 1947 Dana Rohrabacher, (Rep-R-California)

Person of interestShirin Ebadi

1947 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

Lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi
Lawyer and human rights activist
Shirin Ebadi
  • 1948 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot, England
  • 1948 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer (The Witcher), born in Łódź, Poland
  • 1949 Jim Bacchus, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1950 Anne Carson, Canadian poet
  • 1952 Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director

Person of interestBenazir Bhutto

1953 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 2007)

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 1954 Mark Kimmitt, American Army general, 16th Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs (2008-9), born in Fort Sill, Oklahoma
  • 1954 Robert Menasse, Austrian writer
  • 1957 Berke Breathed, cartoonist (Vegetarian, Bloom County, Outland)
  • 1958 Gennadi Ivanovich Padalka, Russian major/cosmonaut (SK: Soyuz TM-28)

Person of interestJoko Widodo

1961 Joko Widodo, Indonesian politician (President of Indonesia 2014), born in Surakarta

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo
  • 1965 Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
  • 1966 Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
  • 1966 Mancow Muller, American radio personality
  • 1966 Gretchen Carlson, American television commentator, born in Anoka, Minnesota
  • 1967 Pierre Omidyar, Iranian-American billionaire
  • 1968 Alisyn Camerota, American journalist
  • 1968 Gretchen Carlson, American journalist
  • 1969 Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier
  • 1971 Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince/son of King of Nepal
  • 1972 Alon Hilu, Israeli writer
  • 1974 Natasha Desborough, British radio personality

Person of interestPrince William

1982 Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, son of Prince Charles & Lady Diana, born in London, England

Duke of Cambridge Prince William
Duke of Cambridge
Prince William

Person of interestEdward Snowden

1983 Edward Snowden, American NSA contractor who leaked classified information, born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina

NSA Contractor Edward Snowden
NSA Contractor
Edward Snowden
  • 1984 Jujubee [Airline Inthyrath], American drag queen and TV performer (RuPaul's Drag Race), born in Boston, Massachusetts