Birthdays in History on June 25

  • 1242 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittany, daughter of Henry III of England, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1275)
  • 1328 William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader, born in Donyatt, Somerset, England (d. 1397)
  • 1373 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), born in Zadar, Dalmatia (d. 1435)
  • 1560 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), born in Hilden, Germany (d. 1634)
  • 1612 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1634)
  • 1715 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, born in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 1789)
  • 1726 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, born in Downing, Wales (d. 1798)
  • 1728 Shah Alam II, 17th Mughal Emperor (1760-1806), born in Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (d. 1806))
  • 1755 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia, born in Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1776)
  • 1799 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (Douglas fir), born in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1813 William High Keim, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1814 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist, born in Metz, France (d. 1896)
  • 1823 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1901)

Antoni GaudiAntoni Gaudi (1852-1926)

Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain

  • 1858 Georges Courteline [Moineau], French playwright, born in Tours, France (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), born in Briesen, West Prussia (d. 1941)
  • 1884 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art dealer and publisher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1886 Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), born in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • 1889 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1890 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Hermann Oberth, German physicist (founded modern astronautics), born in Hermannstadt, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1898 Kay [Katherine Linn] Sage, American painter and poet, born in Albany, New York (d. 1963)

Lord MountbattenLord Mountbatten (1900-1979)

British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England

  • 1902 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1953)

George OrwellGeorge Orwell (1903-1950)

British author (Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four), born in Motihari, British India

  • 1904 Jan van Axel [Johannes P. Kraakman], Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • 1907 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1908 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2000)
  • 1911 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in New York (d. 1980)
  • 1912 Virginia Lacy Jones, American librarian and presidential advisor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • 1912 William T. Cahill, American politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (1970-74), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • 1923 Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Sam Francis, American painter (Basel Mural), born in San Mateo, California (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Tony Parker, British oral historian, born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Robert Venturi, American architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian author and poet (Gott von Manhattan), born in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1928 Alexei Abrikosov, Russian-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 2003), born in Moscow (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Peyo [Pierre Culliford], Belgian cartoonist (The Smurfs; Johan et Pirlouit), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1992)

Eric CarleEric Carle (1929-2021)

American illustrator, collage artist, and writer of children's books (The Very Hungry Caterpillar), born in Syracuse, New York

  • 1930 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, British Reform rabbi, born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1931 V.P. [Vishwanath Pratap] Singh, Indian politician, 7th Prime Minister of India (1989-90), born in Allahabad, British India (d. 2008)
  • 1933 Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect, born in Matosinhos, Portugal

James MeredithJames Meredith (89 years old)

1933 American civil rights activist (1st African-American at the University of Mississippi), born in Kosciusko, Mississippi

  • 1933 Michelangelo Pistoletto, Italian artist (glass painter), born in Biella, Italy
  • 1935 Larry Kramer, American playwright and AIDS activist, born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2020)
  • 1935 Wynand Breytenbach, South African soldier and politician, Deputy Minister of Defense (1986-94), born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1936 B. J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia (1998-99) who liberalized Indonesia's press and political party laws, born in Parepare, South Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies (d. 2019)
  • 1936 Paul Nowee, Dutch writer of children's and youth books. (Eagle's Eye), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1937 Marabel Morgan, American author (The Total Woman), born in Crestline, Ohio
  • 1940 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Michel Tremblay, Canadian novelist and playwright (Les Belles-Sœurs), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1942 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1943 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer (1st laptop computer), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Gerrit "Ger" Zijlstra, Dutch sculptor, born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1946 Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator and humanitarian, born in Denekamp, Netherlands
  • 1950 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), born in Safonovo, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1954 Sonia Sotomayor, American judge (1st woman of color on the US Supreme Court 2009-), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1956 Bongiwe (Bongi) Dhlomo-Mautloa, South African artist, born in Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  • 1956 Boris Trajkovski, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia, born in Monospitovo, Strumica, SR Macedonia, Yugoslavia (d. 2004)
  • 1961 Timur Bekmambetov, Russian Kazakh director (Night Watch), born in Guryev, Soviet Union
  • 1963 Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author (Life of Pi), born in Salamanca, Spain
  • 1964 Greg Raymer, American professional poker player, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1966 Paula Kahumbu, Kenyan-born wildlife activist (Hands Off Our Elephants campaign), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1966 Richard Matt, American murderer who escaped prison, born in Tonawanda, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1968 Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist, born in Arzamas-16, Gorky Oblast, Russian SFSR
  • 1970 Ariel Gore, American journalist and author, born in Carmel, California
  • 1971 Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1987 Sasha Velour [Alexander Steinberg], American drag artist (RuPaul's Drag Race), born in Berkeley, California