On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 26

  • 1575 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Halle (Saale), Holy Roman Empire (d. 1612)
  • 1655 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1719)
  • 1681 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)
  • 1689 Edward Holyoke, American academic and 9th President of Harvard University, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1769)
  • 1694 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist, born in Riddarhyttan, Sweden (d. 1768)
  • 1702 Philip Doddridge, English Nonconformist clergyman, born in London (d. 1751)
  • 1703 Thomas Clap, American academic, 1st President of Yale University, born in Scituate, Massachusetts (d. 1767)

Person of interestCharles Messier

1730 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), born in Badonviller, Lorraine, France (d. 1817)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Astronomer
Charles Messier
  • 1742 Arthur Middleton, American signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1787)
  • 1760 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1836)
  • 1763 George Morland, English artist of rural landscapes, born in London (d. 1804)
  • 1817 Branwell Brontë [Patrick Branwell Brontë], English painter and writer and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, born in Thornton, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1848)
  • 1821 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1906)

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

1824 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • 1831 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1837 Martin Davis Hardin II, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1923)
  • 1837 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lauw, France (d. 1864)

Person of interestRobert Borden

1854 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1865 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1865 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), born in Poissy, France (d. 1929)
  • 1866 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1869 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (Pelle Erobreren), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1954)
  • 1880 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)
  • 1885 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1887 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1888 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), born in Zonfingen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • 1891 Sidney Coe Howard, American dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925), born in Oakland, California (d. 1939)
  • 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), born in Hillsboro, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • 1895 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, born in Tuszyn, Łódź, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1898 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1898 Chesty Puller, US Marine Corps lieutenant general and the most decorated Marine in history, born in West Point, Virginia (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Maria Nikolaevna, 3rd daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1900 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1901 Stuart Symington, U.S. senator from Missouri (1953–76), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Bill Lear, American engineer, manufacturer and CEO (Lear Jet Corp), born in Hannibal, Missouri (d. 1978)
  • 1903 Ashley Clarke, British diplomat to Italy and president (Venice in Peril Fund) (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer, born in Preston, Ontario (d. 1951)
  • 1905 Jack Longland, British director of education (Derbyshire), born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Jan Louis Guillaume Doornik, Dutch resistance fighter in France, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1906 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), born in Dhrönchen (d. 1970)
  • 1906 Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer, born in Sebring, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Colonel Tom Parker [Andreas Cornelis van Kuijk], Dutch-born talent manager (Elvis Presley), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Nicholas Polunin, British botanist and environmentalist, born in Checkendon, Oxfordshire (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Charles Spry, Australian soldier and security chief, born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Edward H. Levi, American law professor (Intro to Legal Reasoning), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1913 Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist and inventor (stored program concept for computers), born in Dudley, England (d. 2010)
  • 1913 Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician, born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique (d. 2008)
  • 1914 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Paul Castellano, American organized-crime chief, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, American author and publisher of children's books (When the Wind Stops), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 2013)
  • 1917 Wille Hamilton, British MP, born in Houghton-le-Spring, England (d. 2000)
  • 1919 Lord Rawlinson, British attorney general (Ewell) (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Michael Eastham, Judge of the High Court of Justice Family Division 1978-93 (d. 1993)
  • 1921 Abe Jan Koldijk, SS-physician (Limburg's family doctor), born in Vreeland, Netherlands
  • 1921 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, born in Paris, France (d. 1945)
  • 1922 Alan T. Peacock, British economist, born in Ryton, England (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Campbell Adamson, British industrialist and CEO (Abbey National Pictures), born in Perth, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1923 David Haslam, British rear admiral (hydrographer), born in Derby, England (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, born in Oakland, California (d. 1955)
  • 1924 Peter Miles, British Army officer, businessman and courtier in the Household of Elizabeth II, born in Long Ashton, Somerset (d. 2013)
  • 1924 Kostas Axelos, Greek-French philosopher, born in Athens, Greece (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Pavel Belyayev, Soviet fighter pilot and cosmonaut (Voskhod II), born in Chelishchevo, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1927 Leslie Carpenter, British publishing executive and CEO (Reed International)
  • 1928 Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1929 Alexander Fenton, CEO (Euro Ethnological Research Center in Edinburgh), born in Shotts, Lanarkshire (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician and 8th President of the Italian Republic (1985-92), born in Sassari, Kingdom of Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1929 Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, born in Lancaster (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Milton Glaser, American graphic designer (founded New York Magazine, created the I ♥ NY" logo), born in NYC, New York (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Colin Wilson, English author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), born in Leicester, Leicestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1933 David Winnick, British Labour Party MP, born in Brighton, Sussex, England
  • 1934 John V Tunney, American politician (Rep/Sen-D-California), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist and spy, born in England (d. 1965)
  • 1935 Douglas Peterson, American politician and diplomat, born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Robert Maclennan, Baron Maclennan of Rogart, born in Glasgow
  • 1937 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Neil Abercrombie, American politician (Rep-D-Hawaii, 1986-88), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1938 Gerald North, American climatologist, born in Sweetwater, Tennessee
  • 1939 Ansar Ilgamovich, Russian cosmonaut, born in Satka, Russia
  • 1939 Chuck [Charles] Robb, American politician, 64th Governor of Virginia, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1939 Smangaliso Mkhatshwa, South African Secretary-General (Bishops' Conference 1983-88), born in Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa
  • 1941 Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist (L'enfirouapé), born in Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
  • 1942 Orin C Smith, American businessman and CEO of Starbucks (2000-05), born in Ryderwood, Washington (d. 2018)
  • 1944 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • 1945 Dwight York, Nuwaubian leader (Nuwaubian Nation), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1956 Azhar Cachalia, Scottish-South African leader (United Democratic Front), born in Scotland
  • 1956 Bernard A. Harris Jr., African American astronaut (STS 55, 63), born in Temple, Texas
  • 1957 Philippe Couillard, 31st Premier of Quebec and Minister of Health, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1958 Glen Stewart Godwin, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1962 George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 1963 Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman and philanthropist, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1963 Richard Garfield, American mathematician and game designer (Magic: The Gathering), born in Philadelphia
  • 1964 Zeng Jinlian, tallest woman known (2.46 m, 8'1"), born in Hunan, China (d. 1982)
  • 1968 Jovenel Moïse, Haitian politician, President of Haiti (2017-21), born in Trou-du-Nord, Haiti (d. 2021)
  • 1975 KJ-52 [Jonah Kirsten Sorrentino], American hip hop artist, born in Tampa, Florida
  • 1977 Kubo Tite, Japanese manga artist (Bleach), born in Fuchū, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 1985 Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader, born in Chamdo County, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • 1988 King Bach Andrew B. Bachelor, Canadian American internet personality (most watched in Vine), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 2005 Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, born in HMC Bronovo, The Hague, Netherlands