On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 28

  • 1476 Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa], Pope (1555-59), born in Carpriglio, Italy (d. 1559)
  • 1490 Albrecht von Brandenburg, German archbishop and monarch of Mainz, born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1545)

Person of interestHenry VIII

1491 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1503 Giovanni Della Casa, Italian poet (Galateo), born in La Casa, Mugello, Tuscany (d. 1556)
  • 1550 Johannes van den Driesche, Flemish Hebraist, born in Oudenarde, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1616)
  • 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision), born in Siegen (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), born in Nevers, France (d. 1716)

Person of interestJohn Wesley

1703 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1712 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1778)
  • 1719 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman, born in Nancy, France (d. 1785)
  • 1787 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), born in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1860)
  • 1794 Allen Frances Gardiner, British naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal, born in Basildon, Berkshire, England (d. 1851)
  • 1808 Cristina Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess and politician, born in Milan, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1871)
  • 1812 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • 1824 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France (d. 1880)
  • 1824 William T. Wofford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army-American Civil War), born in Toccoa, Habersham County, Georgia (d. 1884)

  • 1825 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), born in Wehen, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1909)
  • 1865 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • 1867 Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer (Six Characters in Search of An Author-Nobel 1934), born in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1875 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)

Person of interestPierre Laval

1883 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1884 Lamina Sankoh, Sierra Leonean pre-independence politician and nationalist, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1964)
  • 1891 Carl Panzram, American serial killer and rapist, born in East Grand Forks, Minnesota (d. 1930)
  • 1891 Esther Forbes, American novelist (Johnny Tremain), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, born in Boyertown, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)
  • 1892 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, American-German atomic physicist (Nobel 1963), born in Kattowitz, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1906 Nancy Mayhew Youngman, English painter and educationalist, born in Maidstone, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer (La civilisation du phoque), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1995)
  • 1908 James L. Reinsch, American broadcasting executive and presidential media adviser (Roosevelt, Truman and Kennedy) who also advised Winston Churchill on his 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech, born in Streator, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Eric Ambler, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy), born in London, England
  • 1909 French van Immerseel, Belgian graphic artist, born in Borsbeek, Antwerp
  • 1912 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), born in Farnewinkel, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1914 Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician (served at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Mauthausen, known as Dr. Death), born in Bad Radkersburg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)
  • 1920 A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1921 P.V. Narasimha Rao, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1991-96), born in Warangal District, India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Terje Stigen, Norwegian author (Det siste paradiset), born in Magerøya, Finnmark, Norway (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch journalist and VARA radio host, born in Hamburg (d. 1989)

  • 1926 Robert Ledley, American scientist (invented the CT scanner), born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian
  • 1927 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003, born in Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1928 Harold Evans, English-American journalist and writer (editor of The Sunday Times), born in Patricroft, England
  • 1928 Nick Virgilio, American Haiku poet, born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1989)
  • 1928 Cyril Smith, British Liberal Member of Parliament and alleged serial sex offender, born in Lancashire, England (d. 2010)
  • 1930 Itamar Franco, 33rd President of Brazil (1992-94), born in Brazilian territorial waters, Atlantic Ocean (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician and leader of the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2011)
  • 1934 Carl Levin, American politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1936 Gisela Kraft, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2010)
  • 1936 Major R Owens, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-2007), born in Collierville, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Leon Panetta, American politician (23rd United States Secretary of Defense), born in Monterey, California
  • 1938 Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (student of Yip Man) (d. 2001)
  • 1939 Klaus Schmiegel, German-American chemist (invented Prozac), born in Chemnitz, Germany
  • 1940 Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker (Grameen - microlending), economist (Nobel Peace Prize 2006), born in Chittagong, British India
  • 1940 Roderick Wright, Scottish Bishop of Argyll and the Isles (1990-96), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • 1941 Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (professor of Computer Science at the University of California and University of Oxford) (d. 2006)
  • 1942 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, Secretary-General (South African Communist Party), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • 1942 Jim Kolbe, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1943 Ed Pastor, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Claypool, Arizona
  • 1943 Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist (discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect, Nobel 1985), born in Schroda, Reichsgau Posen, Germany
  • 1945 Jane Harman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 John M. Lounge, American engineer and astronaut (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2011)
  • 1946 Robert L Asprin, American sci-fi writer (Thieves World, Cold Cash War)
  • 1946 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (President of the Independent Democratic Union), born in Santiago (d. 1991)
  • 1947 Mark Helprin, American writer (A Soldier of the Great War), born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1947 Patrick Kincaid, who wrote the TODAY program; send him a card
  • 1949 Edward Totah, art dealer
  • 1950 Mauricio Rojas, Chilean-Swedish politician and political economist, born in Santiago, Chile
  • 1954 A. A. [Adrian Anthony] Gill, British critic (The Sunday Times), born in Edinburgh (d. 2016)
  • 1956 Noel Mugavin, Australian rules football player, born in Koroit, Victoria
  • 1957 Georgi Parvanov, 3rd President of Bulgaria (2002-12), born in Sirishtnik, Bulgaria
  • 1964 Tommy Lynn Sells, American serial killer, born in Oakland, California (d. 2014)

Person of interestElon Musk

1971 Elon Musk, American entrepreneur and inventor (SpaceX, Tesla, Paypal), born in Pretoria, South Africa

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • 1977 Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1979 Florian Zeller, French novelist (La Fascination du Pire) and playwright, born in Paris
  • 1994 Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan and heir apparent of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan