On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 30

  • 1468 Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (1525-32), born in Meissen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1532)
  • 1470 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98) who invaded Italy, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1498)
  • 1503 John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1532-47), born in Torgau, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1554)
  • 1641 Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1719)
  • 1685 Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect and painter (Liebfrauenkirche), born in Gaispoint, Germany (d. 1766)
  • 1748 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • 1755 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, born in Fox-Amphoux, France (d. 1829)
  • 1768 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, First Lady of the United States (1817-25) as the wife of the fifth President James Monroe, born in NYC, New York (d. 1830)
  • 1789 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, born in Paris (d. 1863)
  • 1791 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • 1803 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), born in Clifton, Somerset, England (d. 1849)
  • 1807 Friedrich Theodor Vischer, German philosopher and writer (Auch einer), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1810 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (illyrism), born in Cerovec in Lower Styria, Austrian Empire (d. 1851)
  • 1817 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, born in Halesworth, Suffolk (d. 1911)
  • 1819 William A. Wheeler, American politician (19th Vice President of the United States), born in Malone, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1823 Hendrik Jan Schimmel, Dutch writer and dramatist (2 Tudors), born in 's-Graveland, North Holland (d. 1906)

  • 1823 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Parsi entrepreneur and founder of the first textile mills in India, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1901)
  • 1843 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, born in Clapton, London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1847 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1856 Gerrit Kalff, Dutch professor (history of Dutch writers), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1860 Gyula Andrássy, Jr., Hungarian politician (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1918-20)), born in Tőketerebes, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader, born in Duisburg-Ruhrort, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1893 Harold Laski, English economist and Labour Party leader (1945-46), born in Manchester, England (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), born in Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1899 František Tomášek, 34th Archbishop of Prague and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Bohemia, born in Studénka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)

Person of interestWillie Sutton

1901 Willie Sutton, American bank robber, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • 1906 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), born in Kathmandu, Nepal (d. 1955)
  • 1907 Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian nationalist and military leader, born in Krakovets, Galicia, Austria–Hungary (d. 1950)
  • 1908 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Monica Maurice, industrialist and Managing Director and Chairman of the Wolf Safety Lamp Company, Sheffield, born in Hucknall, England (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Juan Bosch, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (1962-63) and writer, born in La Vega, Dominican Republic (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Czesław Miłosz, Polish-American writer (Bells in Winter, Nobel 1980), born in Szetejnie, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Virginia D. Smith, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska), born in Randolph, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Madhaviah Krishnan, Indian naturalist and wildlife photographer, born in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India (d. 1996)

  • 1912 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Alfonso López Michelsen, 24th President of Colombia (1974-78), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Francisco da Costa Gomes, President of Portugal’s ruling military junta (1974-76), born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, born in Ingelmunster, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • 1919 Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and known as "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon.", born in Bristow, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Sam Moskowitz, American writer and historian of science fiction, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • 1926 Paul Berg, American biochemist (development of recombinant DNA techniques, Nobel Chemistry 1980), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Joe Skeen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico), born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Frank Marcus, German playwright and critic, born in Breslau, Silesia, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Thomas Sowell, American economist and social theorist, born in Gastonia, North Carolina
  • 1931 Hans Gruijters, Dutch mayor (co-founder of D66-Lelystad), born in Helmond, Netherlands
  • 1931 Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi, born in Antwerp (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Harry Blackstone, Jr., American stage magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion), born in Three Rivers, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • 1935 [Jacob] "Jack" Rosenthal, American journalist and government official, born in Tel Aviv, Israel (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Tom Frost, American rock climber (founder gear & apparel company Patagonia), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Eleanor Smeal, American cofounder of the Feminist Majority Foundation and president (National Organization for Women), born in Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1942 Robert Ballard, American explorer and discoverer (discovered Titanic wreck in 1985), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1944 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia
  • 1947 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut, born in Chelyabinsk, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1949 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, born in Hanoi, Vietnam (d. 1981)
  • 1950 Donna Jean Willmott, FALN member (FBI most wanted), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1950 Omprakash Valmiki, Indian Dalit writer and poet (Joothan), born in Muzaffarnagar, India (d. 2013)
  • 1951 Stephen S. Oswald, American NASA astronaut (STS 42, 56, 67), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1952 Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician, born in Cefalonia, Greece
  • 1954 Pierre Charles, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica, born in Grand Bay, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1954 Serzh Sargsyan, Armenian politician, President of Armenia (2008-18), born in Stepanakert, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1962 Vladimir Mikolaevich Dezhurov, Russian stronaut (Mir 18, STS-71), born in Zubovo-Polyansk, Yavas, Mordovia
  • 1972 James Martin, English celebrity chef (Saturday Kitchen), born in Malton, North Riding of Yorkshire, England
  • 1978 Owen Lafave, ex-husband of Debra Lafave
  • 1978 Ben Cousins, Australian Football League player
  • 1979 Travis Minor, National Football League Runningback
  • 1981 Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker