Birthdays in History on June 8

  • 1625 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, born in Perinaldo, Republic of Genova (d. 1712)

William DampierWilliam Dampier (1651-1715)

English explorer and pirate who was the 1st Englishman to explore parts of Australia and the 1st person to circumnavigate the world 3 times, born in East Coker, Sommerset, England

  • 1717 John Collins, American politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island (1786-90), born in Newport, Colony of Rhode Island, British America (d. 1795)
  • 1724 John Smeaton, British civil engineer, born in Austhorpe, Leeds, England (d. 1792)
  • 1743 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • 1745 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1756 Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch politician, Mayor of Alkmaar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1823)
  • 1757 Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1824)
  • 1759 Thomas Dunham Whitaker, British topographer, born in Rainham, Norfolk (d. 1821)
  • 1772 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1850)
  • 1804 Jan Baptist van Son, Dutch politician (RC), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1875)
  • 1806 Gideon Johnson Pillow, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Williamson County, Tennessee (d. 1878)
  • 1813 David Dixon Porter, United States Navy admiral, born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • 1814 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth), born in Ipsden, Oxfordshire (d. 1884)
  • 1814 Thomas Green, American lawyer and soldier (Texas Revolution; Confederate Army General), born in Buckingham County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1821 John Dunlap Stevenson, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Staunton, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1821 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1824 James Loudon, Dutch politician, Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1872-75), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1900)
  • 1824 William Montgomery Gardner, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1901)
  • 1829 John Everett Millais, English painter (Order of Release), born in Southampton, Hampshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1831 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), born in Huntington, Quebec, Canada (d. 1917)
  • 1837 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1842 John Q. A. Brackett, American politician, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (1890-91), born in Bradford, New Hampshire (d. 1918)
  • 1847 Ida McKinley, US First Lady (1897-1901) and wife of the 25th US President William McKinley, born in Canton, Ohio (d. 1907)
  • 1849 Julien Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • 1851 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, born in La Porcherie, France (d. 1940)
  • 1854 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician, born in Hawkesbury, Ontario (d. 1921)
  • 1859 Frank Dalton, American lawman of the Old West (Deputy US Marshal , Oklahoma Territory), brother of the Dalton Gang of outlaws, born in Westport, Missouri (d. 1887)
  • 1859 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1860 Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1940)

Frank Lloyd WrightFrank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", born in Richland Center, Wisconsin

  • 1885 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, born in Preetz, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1889 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • 1896 Samuel Gonard, Swiss lawyer and chairman (International Red Cross), born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1975)
  • 1897 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, born in London (d. 1974)

Noel WienNoel Wien (1899-1977)

American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), born in Lake Nebagamon, Wisconsin

  • 1900 H. J. Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Lena Baker, American murderer, convicted of capital murder of her employer, Ernest Knight, born in Cuthbert, Georgia (d. 1945)
  • 1902 Albe [Renaut A. Joostens], Flemish writer (Andalusian Diary), born in Mechelen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1973)
  • 1903 Gerrit Cornelis Berkouwer, Dutch theologist (Dogmatic Studies), born in Amsterdam (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Marguerite Yourcenar, French-American novelist (Memoirs of Hadrian, The Abyss), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • 1903 Ralph Webster Yarborough, American politician, U.S. Senator from Texas (1957-71), born in Chandler, Texas (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Avent), born in Dublin (d. 1995)
  • 1909 William Odling, major-general
  • 1910 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [NS=June 21]
  • 1910 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer, born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1910 John W. Campbell, American sci-fi writer (Moon is Hell), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • 1912 Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1912 Ian Morrow, British company director, best known for saving Rolls Royce (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Graham Watson, British-born literary agent (Curtis Brown)
  • 1913 Peter Diamand, artistic administrator, born in Berlin (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • 1915 Gustaaf Vincent Willem van Hemert tot Dingshof, Dutch Mayor of Maarn, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Julian Ridsdale, British politician (C), Member of Parliament for Harwich (1954-92) (d. 2004)

Francis CrickFrancis Crick (1916-2004)

English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure, with James Watson (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Northampton, England [1] [2]

  • 1917 Byron White, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1962-93), born in Fort Collins, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • 1918 John D. Roberts, American chemist, received American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal (2013), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Bert Leysen, Belgian TV director (Belgian National TV), born in Balen, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • 1920 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (The Lion's Bride), born in Taringa, Brisbane, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Alwyn Williams, Welsh geologist and Vice-Chancellor (University of Glasgow), born in Aberdare, Wales (d. 2004)
  • 1921 LeRoy Neiman, American painter, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2012)

SuhartoSuharto (1921-2008)

Indonesian army officer and 2nd President of Indonesia (1967-98), born in Yogyakarta, Java

  • 1923 Alice Coleman, geographer (UK Land Use Survey)
  • 1923 Jean Maxwell-Scott, Lady-in-Waiting (Princess Alice Duchess Gloucester), born in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest, author and civil rights activist, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Iain Glidewell, Lord Justice of Appeal and Judge of Appeal of the High Court of the Isle of Man (d. 2016)
  • 1924 Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan, born in Bakersfield, California (d. 2006)

Barbara BushBarbara Bush (1925-2018)

First Lady of the US (1989-93) and wife of George H. W. Bush, born in NYC, New York

  • 1926 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C), born in Bexhill (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature
  • 1927 Dame Anne Warburton, 1st British female ambassador (1976) and President of Lucy Cavendish College (Cambridge) (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Michael Levey, English art historian and director (British National Gallery), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Kate Wilhelm, American fiction author (Hugo Award: Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Earl Ferrers, 13th Earl Ferrers, British minister of state (Department of Environment) (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Bo Gunnar Widerberg, Swedish director (Elvira Madigan), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Marcel Léger, Canadian politician, born in Montreal (d. 1993)
  • 1930 Michael Codron, British theatrical producer, born in London
  • 1930 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1931 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, born in Belgrade (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Leo Nichols, businessman, honorary consul and longtime friend of Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Dr Robert Stevens, British lawyer and Master (Pembroke College, Oxford)
  • 1933 Eric Parker, English industrialist, deputy CEO (Trafalgar House), born in Shropshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1982), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Bruce McCandless II, American aviator, electrical engineer and astronaut who made the 1st untethered space walk (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1937 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship gold 1981; Indoor C'ship gold 1997), born in Wakefield, England (d. 2009)

Martin LeeMartin Lee (84 years old)

1938 Hong Kong politician (Democratic Party: 1985-2008) and barrister known as the "Father of Democracy" in Hong Kong, born in British Hong Kong

  • 1941 George Pell, Australian Catholic Cardinal and treasurer of the Vatican, convicted, and then acquitted, of child sex abuse, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1941 Joop van den Berg, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Bartlehiem, Netherlands
  • 1942 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tambov, Russia
  • 1942 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • 1943 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • 1944 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • 1945 Donna Deitch, American film and TV director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1946 Elizabeth A. Lynn, American sci-fi author (Watchtower, Red Hawk), born in NYC, New York
  • 1947 Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist (Nobel 1995), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • 1947 Sara Paretsky, American crime writer (V. I. Warshawski novels), born in Ames, Iowa
  • 1952 Lindka Cierach, fashion designer
  • 1952 Martin Taylor, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1954 Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister

Tim Berners-LeeTim Berners-Lee (67 years old)

1955 English inventor (World Wide Web), born in London, England

  • 1957 Scott Raymond Adams, Catskill NY, cartoonist (Dilbert)
  • 1970 Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
  • 1972 P[eter] J[ason] Farley, Hackensack, bass (Trixter-Give It To Me Good)
  • 1981 Sara Watkins, American fiddle player
  • 1982 Katy Morgan-Davies, British politician
  • 1983 Mamoru Miyano, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1984 Andrea Casiraghi, son of Princess Caroline of Monaco