Birthdays in History on March 12

  • 1270 Prince Charles, Count of Valois (1284-1325), son of King Philip III of France, founder of the House of Valois, born in France (d. 1325)
  • 1336 Edward, Duke of Guelders (1361-71) and Count of Zutphen (d. 1371)
  • 1479 Giuliano de' Medici, Italian ruler of Florence (1513-16), born in Florence (d. 1516)
  • 1613 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)

Richard SteeleRichard Steele (1672-1729)

Irish writer, playwright (The Conscious Lovers) and Whig politician who co-founded "The Spectator" magazine, born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1685 George Berkeley, Irish philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
  • 1718 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1755 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • 1758 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician [or March 22]
  • 1776 Hester Stanhope, English aristocrat, traveller and archaeologist, born in Chevening, England (d. 1839)
  • 1781 Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1788 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • 1795 William Lyon Mackenzie, Canadian-American newspaper publisher, politician, and failed rebel leader, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1861)
  • 1800 Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
  • 1806 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1863)
  • 1808 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • 1816 David Stuart, American politician, Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1818 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)

John AbbottJohn Abbott (1821-1893)

3rd Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1891-92), born in Saint-Andre, Quebec

  • 1821 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 1823 William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • 1827 John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1830 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1831 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 1832 Charles Boycott, Irish estate manager/caused boycotts
  • 1835 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1838 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 1859 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1862 Jane Delano, American nurse and educator (Red Cross Nursing Service during WWI), born in Montour Falls, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1863 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • 1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • 1863 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1877 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1878 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • 1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1881 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Raphaël Verwilghen, Belgian architect, and urban planner, born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • 1889 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • 1889 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • 1890 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1891 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • 1895 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
  • 1907 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • 1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
  • 1910 Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
  • 1910 Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
  • 1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
  • 1912 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1912 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • 1912 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • 1913 Agathe von Trapp, Austrian-born American singer (oldest von Trapp child), born in Pola, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • 1917 Tom Normanton, British MP
  • 1918 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 (Giovanni) "Gianni"Agnelli, Italian industrialist, executive (President of Fiat Automobiles, 1966-96), and Italian Senator-for-life (1991-), born in Turin, Italy (d. 2003)
  • 1921 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator
  • 1921 Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)

Jack KerouacJack Kerouac (1922-1969)

American novelist and poet of the Beat Generation (On the Road, Mexico Blues), born in Lowell, Massachusetts

  • 1922 Lane Kirkland, union president (AFL-CIO)
  • 1923 Walter M Schirra Jr, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7), born in Hackensack, New York
  • 1925 G. William Whitehurst, American politician (Rep-R-VA 1969-87), born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1925 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Leo Esaki [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)
  • 1926 David Oliver Williams, trade unionist (COHSE)
  • 1926 George R Ariyoshi, (Gov-D-Hawaii)
  • 1926 John C[lellon] Holmes, American writer (Horn)
  • 1926 Ronald Alley, art gallery manager (Tate Gallery)
  • 1927 Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina (1983-89), born in Chascomús, Buenos Aires (d. 2009)

Edward AlbeeEdward Albee (1928-2016)

American playwright (Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?), born in Virginia

  • 1928 Roland Moyle, British deputy chairman (Police Complaints Authority)
  • 1928 Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Quebec politician and senator
  • 1929 Lupe Anguiano, Mexican-American civil rights activist
  • 1929 U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1930 Antony Acland, provost of Eton/British ambassador (to US)
  • 1930 Robin Cavendish, English campaigner for the disabled, born in Middleton (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • 1931 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • 1932 Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)
  • 1934 Rudolph Agner, CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
  • 1935 John Gross, author (Age of Kipling, Dickens & 20th Century)
  • 1936 Anthony Loehnis, vice chairman (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1936 Patrick Procktor, painter
  • 1938 Karl Soderlund, Duluth Minn, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
  • 1938 Norman Hogg, British MP
  • 1939 David Mlinaric, British interior director

Ratko MladićRatko Mladić (80 years old)

1942 Bosnian Serb general during the Bosnian War (found guilty of war crimes 2017), born in Božanovići, Croatia

  • 1945 Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, American mobster who testified against John Gotti, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1947 Kalervo Palsa, Finnish artist (d. 1987)

Mitt RomneyMitt Romney (75 years old)

1947 American politician (Senator-R-Utah 2019-, 70th Governor of Massachusetts 2003-07, 2012 presidential candidate), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • 1948 Kent Conrad, (Sen-D North Dakota)
  • 1948 Virginia Bottomley, British minister of health and heritage
  • 1949 David Mellor, secretary of the British treasury/MP
  • 1952 Eliézer Niyitegeka, Rwandan journalist, politician and genocidaire
  • 1953 Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • 1953 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • 1954 Anish Kapoor, Indian born British sculptor, born in Mumbai, India
  • 1954 Joseph Ngute, Cameroonian politician (Prime Minister of Cameroon 2019-), born in Bongong Barombi, Cameroon
  • 1961 Joseph Facal, Quebec politician
  • 1968 Tammy Duckworth, Thai-American politician (US Senator from Illinois (D), 2017-; US Representarive from Illinois, 2013-17), and, former US National Guard Lieutenant Colonel, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1969 Jake Tapper, American journalist
  • 1970 Dave Eggers, American writer, editor, and publisher
  • 1975 Annabel Port, English radio presenter
  • 1977 Ramiro Corrales, American footballer
  • 1978 Arina Tanemura, Japanese mangaka
  • 1987 Chris Seitz, American footballer
  • 1999 Janja Garnbret, Slovenian competitive climber, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia