Birthdays in History on March 14

  • 1638 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic and religious leader, born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1710)
  • 1692 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leyden jar)
  • 1782 Thomas Hart Benton, American politician, born in Harts Mill, North Carolina (d. 1858)
  • 1790 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver, born in Hanau, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1800 James Bogardus, American inventor and builder (made cast-iron buildings), born in Catskill, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1807 Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen of Sweden and Norway, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1888)
  • 1808 Narcissa Whitman (née Prentiss), American missionary and pioneer woman, born in Prattsburgh, New York (d. 1847)
  • 1816 Montgomery Dent Corse, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1895)

Victor Emmanuel IIVictor Emmanuel II (1820-1878)

King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), born in Torino, Italy

  • 1821 Jens Worsaae, Danish archaeologist, historian and politician, born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1885)
  • 1822 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (1843-89), born in Naples, Two Sicilies (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Roswell S. Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Worthington, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • 1823 Théodore de Banville, French writer, born in Moulins, France (d. 1891)
  • 1829 Charles Charlesworth, English boy who died of old age before he was 7 years old, born in Straffordshire, England
  • 1833 John S. Marmaduke, 25th Governor of Missouri and Major General (Confederate Army), born in Saline County, Missouri (d. 1887)
  • 1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor, 1st US woman dentist, born in Constable, New York (1866)
  • 1835 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), born in Savigliano, Italy (d. 1910)
  • 1837 Charles Ammi Cutter, American librarian (Expansive classification), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • 1844 Umberto I of Italy, King of Italy (1878-1900), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1900)
  • 1847 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes), born in Muritiba, Brazil (d. 1871)
  • 1853 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1918)
  • 1854 Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer, born in Bucharest (d. 1920)
  • 1854 John Lane, British publisher (The Bodley Head), born in Devon (d. 1925)
  • 1854 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), Strehlen, Lower Silesia, German Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1854 Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th Vice President of U.S. (1913-21), born in North Manchester, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • 1862 Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian-American physicist and meteorologist, born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1951)
  • 1864 Casey [John] Jones, American railroad engineer who dies trying to save a train (Ballad of Casey Jones), born in Missouri (d. 1900)
  • 1869 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), born in Shooter's Hill, Kent, England (d. 1951)
  • 1873 Johannes Aengenent, Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1874 Anton Philips, Co-Founder of Royal Philips Electronics N.V., born in Zaltbommel, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • 1875 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian and author (Thackeray Dictionary), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Carel T. Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Forces of the Future), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1950)

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein (1879-1955)

German-born theoretical physicist famous for his theory of relativity and E = mc2 (1921 Nobel Prize for Physics), born in Ulm, German Empire

  • 1882 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
  • 1884 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist, born in Noordhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • 1887 George Creten, Belgian sculptor and painter, born in Saint-Gilles, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1887 Sylvia Beach, American publisher and bookseller (Shakespeare and Company), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1962)
  • 1888 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • 1891 John Strijbos, Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)
  • 1892 Olive Parsons, British co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • 1895 Frans Ganshof, Belgian historian
  • 1898 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • 1899 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
  • 1903 Mustafa al-Barzani, Kurdish leader (KDP), born in Barzan, Iraqi Kurdistan (d. 1979)
  • 1905 Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist
  • 1908 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • 1908 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • 1909 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (Margin)
  • 1914 Henry Ralph Carr, English soldier (A Sapper
  • 1915 Kenneth Rowntree, British artist, born in Scarborough, England (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Macha Rosenthal, American critic and poet (Poetry as Confession), born in Washington D.C. (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Max Shulman, American novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), born in St Paul, Minnesota (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2001)
  • 1921 S. Truett Cathy, American businessman (founder of Chick-fil-A), born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Colin Fletcher, Welsh author and pioneering backpacker (Walking Through Time), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Colin St John Wilson, English architect (The British Library), born in Cheltenham, England (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971) [1]
  • 1925 Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
  • 1925 John Barrington Wain, English novelist/poet (Hurry on Down)
  • 1927 Joop Wolff, Dutch editor (Truth) and politician (CPN)

Frank BormanFrank Borman (94 years old)

1928 American astronaut (Gemini 7, Apollo 8) and CEO of Eastern Air Lines (1975-86), born in Gary, Indiana

  • 1932 Naina Yeltsina, Russia's 1st First Lady (1991-99), born in Orenburg Region, Russia, Soviet Union
  • 1933 René Felber, Swiss politician (Federal Council, 1987-93; President, 1992), born in Bienne, Switzerland (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Eugene A. Cernan, American naval officer and astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Paul Rader, American 15th General of The Salvation Army, born in New York City
  • 1936 Bruce Hood, Canadian National Hockey League referee (1965-84), and author (Calling The Shots), born in Campbellville, Ontario (d. 2018)
  • 1939 William Benjamin Lenoir, American astronaut (STS 5), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1942 John Whittaker, English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
  • 1944 Peter Paul Zahl, German left-wing writer and printer (shot two police officers), born in Freiburg, Germany (d. 2011)
  • 1947 Jan at Veldhuis, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1947 William J. Jefferson, American politician (Rep-D-Louisiana), convicted of bribery, born in New Providence, Louisiana
  • 1948 Tom Coburn, American politician (Senator-R-Oklahoma 2005-2015, Rep-R-Oklahoma 1995-2001), born in Casper, Wyoming (d. 2020)
  • 1949 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author
  • 1950 Michael Ford, American son of US President Gerald & Betty Ford
  • 1951 Jerry Greenfield, American businessman and co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1952 J. Fred Muggs, chimpanzee (Today show), born in French Cameroon

Martin DempseyMartin Dempsey (70 years old)

1952 American General, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2011-), born in Jersey City, New Jersey

  • 1956 Natalya Kuleshova, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1957 Andrew Robinson, British author (Times Higher Education Supplement), born in England
  • 1957 Mark Gordon, American politician, Governor of Wyoming (2019-), born in New York City
  • 1957 Tad Williams, American fantasy and science fiction author, born in San Jose, California

Danny MeyerDanny Meyer (64 years old)

1958 American restaurateur (Shake Shack, Union Square Cafe), born in St. Louis, Missouri

  • 1961 Gary Dell'Abate 'Baba Booey', American producer (Howard Stern Show), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1961 Grigoriy Kornev, Russian speed walker (world record 5 km)
  • 1963 Pedro Duque, Spanish engineer and astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95, first Spanish person in space), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1967 Edward M. Fincke, American air force officer and astronaut, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1978 Carlo Giuliani, Italian anarchist (d. 2001)