Birthdays in History on March 15

Saint NicholasSaint Nicholas (270-343 AD)

Greek Bishop who became the model for Santa Claus, born in Patara, Asia Minor

  • 938 Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
  • 1275 Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)
  • 1455 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
  • 1493 Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France
  • 1591 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • 1638 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, born in Shengjing (d. 1661)
  • 1666 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • 1678 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop
  • 1713 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer who mapped the stars of the Southern Hemisphere, born in Rumigny, France (d. 1762)
  • 1733 Johann Zoffany, German painter, baptized
  • 1738 Cesare Beccaria, Italian criminologist and politician, born in Milan (d. 1794)

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson (1767-1845)

American general and 7th US President (Democratic: 1829-37), born in Waxhaws in the border area between North and South Carolina

William LambWilliam Lamb (1779-1848)

2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1834, 1835-41), born in London

  • 1790 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1791 Charles Knight, English publisher (The Penny Cyclopaedia), born in Windsor, England (d. 1873)
  • 1801 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • 1809 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, 1st President of Liberia
  • 1809 Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
  • 1810 Aernout Drost, Dutch historical novelist (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen), born in Amsterdam, Kingdom of Holland (d. 1834)
  • 1811 Robert Allen, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Point, Ohio (d. 1886)

John SnowJohn Snow (1813-1858)

English epidemiologist who studied cholera and is considered the 'Father of modern epidemiology', born in York England

  • 1818 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
  • 1821 Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • 1821 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1821 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • 1824 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1824 Jules Chevalier, French Roman Catholic priest (Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart), born in Richelieu, Touraine, France (d. 1907)
  • 1830 Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1830 Paul von Heyse, German writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1831 Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • 1831 Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1838 Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 1852 Augusta, Lady Gregory, Irish playwright, poet and patron of Yates, born in Roxborough, County Galway
  • 1854 Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1858 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • 1859 Arthur Hawley Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1932)
  • 1860 Waldemar Haffkine, Ukrainian bacteriologist (1st to develop and use vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague), born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1930)
  • 1866 Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1866 Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1867 Lionel Pigot Johnson, British poet and critic (Ireland & Other Poems), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1902)
  • 1868 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Lee Shubert, American theatre producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him), born in Lithuania (d. 1953) birth date disputed
  • 1874 Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • 1874 Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician

Reza Shah PahlaviReza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944)

Shah of Iran (1925-41), born in Alasht, Savad Kooh, Mazandaran, Persia

  • 1879 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)
  • 1887 Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • 1892 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • 1900 George Fox, American US Army chaplain and Methodist minister (The Four Chaplains), born in Lewistown, Pennsylvania (d. 1943) [1]
  • 1900 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • 1905 Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat who attempted to assassinate Hitler, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1910 An Rutgers van der Loeff-Basenau, children book writer (Skating Race)
  • 1912 Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot
  • 1912 Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Kapellekensbaan)
  • 1914 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • 1916 Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
  • 1918 Janet Leach, potter, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Richard Ellmann, American literary scholar and biographer (Oscar Wilde), born in Highland Park, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • 1920 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1920 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Sid Hartman, American sports journalist (Minneapolis Star Tribune; WCCO 830 AM), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • 1924 Yuri Bondarev, Russian writer (Silence), born in Orsk
  • 1925 Bert Bolin, Swedish meteorologist
  • 1926 Tim Valentine, American politician (Rep-D-NC, 1983-95), born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect
  • 1930 Zhores Alferov, Soviet-Russian physicist (2000 Nobel Prize in Physics), born in Vitebsk, Soviet Union (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Alan Bean, American Naval captain and astronaut (Ap 12, Skylab 3, 4th to walk on the moon), born in Wheeler, Texas (d. 2018)
  • 1932 David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire

Ruth Bader GinsburgRuth Bader Ginsburg (1933-2020)

American jurist and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1993-2020), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1934 Kanshi Ram, Indian dalit leader
  • 1935 Jimmy Lee Swaggart, evangelist
  • 1936 David Andrews, Irish politician
  • 1936 Don Sundquist, American politician (Governor of Tennessee 1995-2003, Rep-R-Tennessee, 1983-95), born in Moline, Illinois
  • 1937 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (To Live and Remember), born in Atalanka, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1939 Jack Whyte, Scottish-Canadian author
  • 1939 Robert Nye, British novelist and poet (Facts of Life & other fiction), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1940 Margo Coleman, American advice columnist
  • 1943 David Cronenberg, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1945 A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Mark J Green, American lawyer/author (Closed Enterprise System), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1946 Masaharu Satō, Japanese seiyū
  • 1947 Larisa Grigoriyevna Pozharskaya, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1948 Kate Bornstein, American author
  • 1948 Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
  • 1952 Howard Koh, American state government official
  • 1953 Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • 1957 Janet Cardiff, Canadian sound artist (Forty Part Motet), born in Brussels, Ontario
  • 1959 Lisa Holton, American writer
  • 1960 Phil Walsh, Australian Rules Football wing, coach (murdered by son), born in Hamilton, Victoria (d. 2015)
  • 1967 Naoko Takeuchi, Japanese manga artist (Sailor Moon), born in Kōfu, Yamanashi, Japan
  • 1968 Terje Riis-Johansen, Norwegian politician
  • 1969 Rona Ambrose, Canadian politician
  • 1976 Jennifer 8. Lee, American journalist
  • 1976 Jose Sanchez Zolliker, Mexican writer
  • 1976 Katherine Brooks, American television director
  • 1978 Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater
  • 1985 F.V.A. Morriello, Canadian author