Birthdays in History on March 18

  • 1075 Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, Muslim scholar of Persian origin, born in Zamakhshar, Khwarezmia (d. 1144)
  • 1380 Lidwina, Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride) and saint, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1433)
  • 1395 John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader during the Hundred Years' War, born in Dartington, Devonshire, England (d. 1447)
  • 1496 Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1548 Cornelis Ketel, Dutch portrait painter/poet
  • 1556 Francois of Valois, French duke of Anjou, youngest son of French King Henry II and Catherine de' Medici, Duke of Brabant, (d. 1584)
  • 1578 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized
  • 1590 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • 1602 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
  • 1603 Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
  • 1609 Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70), born in Haderslev, Denmark (d. 1670)
  • 1640 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
  • 1679 Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • 1685 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1690 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician (Goldbach position)
  • 1701 Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
  • 1765 David H Chasse, Dutch baron/general (fought Napoleon at Waterloo)
  • 1780 Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun (1782-1850)

US Vice President (1825-32), born in Abbeville, South Carolina

  • 1813 Friedrich Hebbel, writer
  • 1828 William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
  • 1829 William R Boggs, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and chief of engineers, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1911)
  • 1830 Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland (1837-1908)

22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey

  • 1838 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter
  • 1838 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1839 Francis Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1840 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1842 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • 1843 Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom, premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 1848 Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)

Rudolf DieselRudolf Diesel (1858-1913)

French-born German engineer who invented the diesel engine, born in Paris

  • 1864 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 1866 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 1867 Michael G de Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain (1869-1940)

British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

  • 1874 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1877 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)

Cluny MacPhersonCluny MacPherson (1879-1966)

Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland

  • 1884 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Kurt Koffka, German Gestalt psychologist
  • 1886 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • 1888 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • 1889 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • 1890 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • 1892 Robert P.T. Coffin, American poet ("Strange Holiness", Pulitzer Prize, 1936), writer, and editor (Yankee Magazine), born in Brunswick, Maine (d. 1955)

Wilfred OwenWilfred Owen (1893-1918)

English soldier and anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England

  • 1898 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • 1901 William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
  • 1904 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905 Mollie Parnis, American fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection), born in NYC, New York
  • 1905 Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1906 Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • 1909 Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • 1910 Chiang Ching-huo, son of Chinese president Chiang Kai-shek/President (1978-88)
  • 1913 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
  • 1913 Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
  • 1913 William Hutchinson Murray, Scottish mountaineer and author, born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1914 James Pack, naval officer museum curator
  • 1915 Richard Condon, American author (The Manchurian Candidate), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • 1922 Egon Bahr, German journalist/politician, born in Treffurt, Thuringia (d. 2015)

Fred ShuttlesworthFred Shuttlesworth (1922-2011)

American civil rights activist, born in Mount Meigs, Alabama

  • 1924 Dom Alexandre José Maria dos Santos, Mozambican Roman Catholic Cardinal, Mozambique's 1st black priest, born in Zavala, Mozambique (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1925 James Pickles, English judge and columnist, born in Halifax, West Yorkshire (d. 2010)
  • 1927 Lillian Vernon, founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Fidel V. Ramos, Filipino general and 12th President of the Philippines (1992-98), born in Lingayen, Pangasinan, Philippines (d. 2022) [1]
  • 1928 Julia Mullock, Princess of Korea
  • 1929 Christa Wolf, German novelist (Divided Heaven)
  • 1929 John Macurdy, American bass
  • 1931 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Jürgen Schadeberg, German-born South African photographer who photographed apartheid struggle, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2020)

F. W. de KlerkF. W. de Klerk (1932-2021)

South African President (1989-94) and winner of the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela, born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province, South Africa

  • 1932 John Updike, Shillington Pa, poet/novelist (Rabbit Run)
  • 1933 Unita Blackwell, 1st African American mayor in Mississippi
  • 1934 Pietro Rizzuto, Italian-Canadian politician (Senator for Repentigny, Quebec, 1976-97), born in Cattolica Eraclea, Sicily, Italy (d. 1997)
  • 1935 Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
  • 1936 Hans Peter Bleuel, German writer (Sex and Society In Nazi Germany), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1938 Kenny Lynch, British entertainer, born in London
  • 1941 John W. Derr, American politician
  • 1941 Wolfgang Bauer, writer
  • 1943 Nobuko Imai, Japanese classical solo and chamber violist, and educator, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1944 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • 1944 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • 1945 Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer (Asakusa Portraits), born in Daigo, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1946 Michael Reagan, talk show host, and son of Ronald and Nancy Reagan
  • 1947 Roger Kenneth Evans, English politician
  • 1947 Steven Schiff, American politician (Rep-R-New Mexico 1989-98), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • 1948 Jessica B. Harris, American culinary historian (High on the Hog: A Culinary Journey from Africa to America), born in Queens, New York
  • 1948 Lockwood Phillips, American radio host
  • 1950 Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
  • 1951 Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1953 Helmer C Koetje, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • 1953 Margaret L. Augustine, project manager (Biosphere 2), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1954 James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)
  • 1955 Francis Slay, American politician, Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri (2001-17), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1956 Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American escort owner, born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • 1957 Christer Fuglesang, physicist/astronaut (Mir backup), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1959 Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
  • 1961 Mark Van Thillo, Wilrijk Belgium, co-capt (Biosphere 2)
  • 1966 Daniel S. Nevins, American rabbi
  • 1966 Peter Jones, British entrepreneur and businessman (Dragons' Den, American Inventor), born in Maidenhead, Berkshire
  • 1967 Ken Edenfield, American basenall player
  • 1968 Eudes, duc d'Angoulême, French prince
  • 1968 Paul Marsden, British writer, politician (Member of Parliament, 1997-2005), and businessman, born in Frodsham, Cheshire, England
  • 1972 Reince Priebus [Rheinhold Priebus], American lawyer and political opertative (Trump Chief of Staff (Jan-Jul 2017), born in Dover, New Jersey
  • 1973 Max Barry, Australian author