Birthdays in History on March 19

  • 1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1503 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)

William BradfordWilliam Bradford (1589-1657)

English separatist, Governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized), born in Austerfield, England

  • 1593 Georges de la Tour, French painter
  • 1601 Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1610 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • 1629 Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1684 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1734 Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence) [or Apr 19]
  • 1739 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1742 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • 1742 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • 1749 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1777 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/diplomat
  • 1778 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)

David LivingstoneDavid Livingstone (1813-1873)

Scottish explorer who was famously found by Henry Morton Stanley in Africa, born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland

  • 1817 Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1819 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • 1821 Francis Barretto Spinola, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Old Field, New York (d. 1891)

Richard Francis BurtonRichard Francis Burton (1821-1890)

English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), born in Torquay, Devon

  • 1821 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn, Dutch governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1823 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1827 Alexander Shaler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1911)
  • 1829 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1837 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • 1844 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • 1845 Moorfield Storey, American lawyer, pacifist, civil rights leader (co-founder of NAACP & president, 1909-29), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1929)
  • 1845 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Wyatt EarpWyatt Earp (1848-1929)

American frontiersman and marshal who participated in the gunfight at the OK Corral, born in Monmouth, Illinois

  • 1849 Alfred von Tirpitz, German architect of the Imperial Navy (Tirpitz Plan, Unrestricted U-boat Warfare) and World War I Grand Admiral, born in Küstrin, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1930)
  • 1851 Roque Saenz Pena, President of Argentina (1910-14)
  • 1851 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)

William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan (1860-1925)

American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", born in Salem, Illinois

  • 1861 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1872 Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet director (founder of the Ballets Russes), born in Gruzino Novgorod, Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1882 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • 1883 Sir Walter Norman Haworth, British chemist (Nobel Prize, 1937) born at Chorley, Lancashire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1888 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • 1889 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)

Earl WarrenEarl Warren (1891-1974)

Governor of California and 14th US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California

  • 1892 James Van Fleet, American US Army General (served during WWI, WWII, and Korean War), born in Fort Lee, New Jersey (d. 1992)
  • 1892 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • 1894 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • 1897 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • 1900 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1901 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • 1901 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • 1903 Benjamin M Telders, president of Dutch Liberal States Party
  • 1903 Jim Bullock, English colliery manager, unionist and pit reformist, born in Bower's Row, England (d.

John SiricaJohn Sirica (1904-1992)

American federal judge (Watergate hearings), born in Waterbury, Connecticut

Albert SpeerAlbert Speer (1905-1981)

German architect and Nazi leader (Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production), born in Mannheim, German Empire

Adolf EichmannAdolf Eichmann (1906-1962)

German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), born in Solingen, German Empire

  • 1907 Nakagawa Soen, Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
  • 1910 Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut
  • 1911 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman
  • 1912 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot

Jiang QingJiang Qing (1914-1991)

Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China

  • 1914 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1915 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • 1919 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1920 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1925 Brent Scowcroft, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council, born in Ogden, Utah
  • 1928 Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1933 Philip Roth, American novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1937 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany
  • 1941 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1942 David Minge, American judge and politician (Rep-D-Minnesota 1993-2001), born in Clarkfield, Minnesota
  • 1943 Mario Molina, Mexican chemist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1944 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • 1944 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize

Sirhan SirhanSirhan Sirhan (78 years old)

1944 Palestinian-born assassin of US Senator Robert F. Kennedy, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine

  • 1947 John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1954 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1956 Alina Castro, Havanna Cuba, daughter of Fidel
  • 1956 Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1964 Barbara Lynch, American restaurateur (The Barbara Lynch Gruppo), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1964 Sergey Dmitriyev, Russian soccer striker (6 caps USSR; Zenit Saint Petersburg, CSKA Moscow), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 2022)
  • 1968 Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
  • 1971 Sébastien Godefroid, Belgian sailor (1996 Olympics- Silver), born in Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1975 Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1980 Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • 1992 Henry & Angus Bernsen, twin sons of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays
  • 2007 Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan