On This Day

Birthdays in History on March 19

  • 1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1503 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)

Person of interestWilliam Bradford

1589 William Bradford, English separatist, Governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized), born in Austerfield, England (d. 1657)

First Governor of Plymouth Colony William Bradford
First Governor of Plymouth Colony
William Bradford
  • 1593 Georges de la Tour, French painter
  • 1601 Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1610 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • 1629 Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1684 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1734 Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence) [or Apr 19]
  • 1739 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1742 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • 1742 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • 1749 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)

  • 1777 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/diplomat
  • 1778 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)

Person of interestDavid Livingstone

1813 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1817 Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1819 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • 1821 Francis Barretto Spinola, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Old Field, New York (d. 1891)

Person of interestRichard Francis Burton

1821 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1890)

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1821 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn, Dutch governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1823 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1827 Alexander Shaler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1911)
  • 1829 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1837 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • 1844 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • 1845 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Person of interestWyatt Earp

1848 Wyatt Earp, American frontiersman and marshal who participated in the gunfight at the OK Corral, born in Monmouth, Illinois (d. 1929)

Frontier lawman Wyatt Earp
Frontier lawman
Wyatt Earp
  • 1849 Alfred von Tirpitz, German architect of the Imperial Navy (Tirpitz Plan, Unrestricted U-boat Warfare) and World War I Grand Admiral, born in Küstrin, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1930)
  • 1851 Roque Saenz Pena, President of Argentina (1910-14)
  • 1851 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)

Person of interestWilliam Jennings Bryan

1860 William Jennings Bryan, American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", born in Salem, Illinois (d. 1925)

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan

  • 1861 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1872 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1882 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • 1883 Sir Walter Norman Haworth, British chemist (Nobel Prize, 1937) born at Chorley, Lancashire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1888 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • 1889 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)

Person of interestEarl Warren

1891 Earl Warren, Governor of California and 14th US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1974)

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1892 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • 1892 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • 1894 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • 1897 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • 1900 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1901 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • 1901 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • 1903 Benjamin M Telders, president of Dutch Liberal States Party
  • 1903 Jim Bullock, English colliery manager, unionist and pit reformist, born in Bower's Row, England (d.

Person of interestJohn Sirica

1904 John Sirica, American federal judge (Watergate hearings), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1992)

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica

Person of interestAlbert Speer

1905 Albert Speer, German architect and Nazi leader (Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production), born in Mannheim, German Empire (d. 1981)

Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer
Nazi Minister of Armaments and War Production
Albert Speer

Person of interestAdolf Eichmann

1906 Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), born in Solingen, German Empire (d. 1962)

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • 1907 Nakagawa Soen, Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
  • 1910 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut
  • 1910 Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman
  • 1912 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot
  • 1914 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)

Person of interestJiang Qing

1914 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China (d. 1991)

Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1915 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • 1919 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1920 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1925 Brent Scowcroft, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council, born in Ogden, Utah
  • 1928 Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1933 Philip Roth, American novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1937 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany
  • 1941 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1942 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • 1943 Mario Molina, Mexican chemist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1944 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • 1944 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1944 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1947 John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1954 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1956 Alina Castro, Havanna Cuba, daughter of Fidel
  • 1956 Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1964 Barbara Lynch, American restaurateur (The Barbara Lynch Gruppo), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1968 Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
  • 1971 Sébastien Godefroid, Belgian sailor (1996 Olympics- Silver), born in Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1975 Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1980 Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • 1992 Henry & Angus Bernsen, twin sons of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays
  • 2007 Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan