Birthdays in History on March 20

  • 43 BC Ovid [Publius Ovidius Naso], Roman poet (Metamorphoses) (d. 17)
  • 1469 Princess Cecily of York (d. 1507)
  • 1477 Jerome Emser, German theologian (d. 1527)
  • 1502 Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)
  • 1634 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Examiner of Comets)
  • 1644 Ivan Mazepa, Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate (d. 1709)
  • 1725 Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1728 Franciscus L Kersteman, Dutch lawyer/astrologist
  • 1735 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (d. 1784)
  • 1737 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • 1741 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
  • 1750 Martinus van Marum, Dutch chemist/physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)
  • 1770 Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)
  • 1799 Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • 1804 Neal Dow, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1811 George Caleb Bingham, American politician/painter (Country Election)
  • 1811 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • 1812 George Bibb Crittenden, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1820 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Wallachia/Romania
  • 1823 John Echols, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)
  • 1825 William Nelson Rector Beall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1826 Carel Vosmaer, Dutch art historian/poet/editor

Henrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen (1828-1906)

Norwegian playwright (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler), born in Skien, Norway

  • 1830 Eugene Asa Carr, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hamburg, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1831 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman (d. 1881)
  • 1834 Charles William Eliot, American academic (President of Harvard University, 1869-1909), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1926)
  • 1836 Edward Poynter, British painter, President of the Royal Academy, born in Paris, France (d. 1919)
  • 1836 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American military officer and politician (US Representative from New York 1881-83), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1840 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)

Frederick Winslow TaylorFrederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915)

American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • 1856 Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)
  • 1868 Obe Postma, Frisian poet (Fan wjerklank en bisinnen (Of resonance and reflection)), naturalist, and historian, born in Cornwerd, Netherlands (d. 1963)
  • 1870 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)
  • 1872 Karin Michaelis, writer
  • 1874 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • 1876 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • 1879 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Eugène Schueller, French chemist, founder of L'Oréal, born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1882 René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
  • 1885 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • 1885 Hendrik A de Fish [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
  • 1888 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • 1895 Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Hal Walker, director (I Married Joan), born in Ottumwa, Iowa
  • 1902 David Lasser, American science fiction magazine editor (Wonder Stores, 1930-33), writer (The Conquest of Space), and workers' rights activist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1996)
  • 1902 Kathryn Forbes, short story writer (mama's bank account)
  • 1904 B F Skinner, American psychologist (Skinner Box), born in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1906 Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
  • 1906 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • 1911 Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1914 William Baddeley, rector (St James's Piccadilly)
  • 1915 Rudolf Kirchschläger, President of Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Pierre Messmer, PM (France)
  • 1917 Dolf Verspoor, literary/interpreter (M Nijhoff Prize 1958)
  • 1917 Peter Caddy, founder (Findhorn Community)
  • 1918 Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • 1918 Jack Barry, Lindenhurst NY, game show emcee (Joker's Wild)
  • 1920 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • 1921 Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow, Senegal, director general (UNESCO)
  • 1922 Arnold Burgen, college president (Academia Europaea)
  • 1922 Doug Barnard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-GA, 1977-93), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani Author, Journalist and Political Activist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Hermann Guggiari, Paraguay, engineer and sculptor (Rejas, NNUU)(d.2012)
  • 1925 David Warren, Australian scientist and inventor (Flight Data Recorder; Cockpit Voice Recorder - "the black box"), born in Groote Eylandt, Australia (d. 2010)
  • 1925 John D Erlichman, Politician (Nixon aide, Watergate)
  • 1928 Anthony Blond, British publisher (The Publishing Game, Book Book), born in Sale, Cheshire (d. 2008)
  • 1931 John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
  • 1933 Alexander Gorodnitsky, Russian geologist and poet
  • 1934 David Malouf, Australian author
  • 1934 Eric Hebborn, artist/faker
  • 1934 Marion Conti, arch bishop (Aberdeen England)
  • 1934 Willie Brown, American Democratic politician and 41st Mayor of San Francisco (1996-2004), born in Mineola, Texas
  • 1937 Elizabeth Gille, writer translator/editor
  • 1937 Mark Saville, QC, British high court judge
  • 1938 Frans J. van der Heijden, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1938 Sergei Petrovich Novikov, Russian Mathematician, Fields Medalist

Brian MulroneyBrian Mulroney (83 years old)

1939 18th Prime Minister of Canada (1984-93), born in Baie-Comeau, Quebec

  • 1940 Gianpiero Moretti, steering wheel designer (Momo), born in Milan, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • 1943 Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1945 Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot
  • 1945 Tim Yeo, British MP/under-sect (State of Environment)
  • 1947 John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist
  • 1948 Pamela Sargent, American sci-fi author (Venus of Dreams, Cloned Lives), born in Ithaca, New York
  • 1951 Curt Smith, American author and media host
  • 1954 Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1954 Louis Sachar, American Newberry Medal winning young-adult author (Holes; Wayside School; Marvin Redpost series), born in East Meadow, New York
  • 1956 Phillip Oppenheim, British MP (C), born in London, England
  • 1957 David Foster, Australian woodchopper
  • 1969 Mannie Fresh, American producer
  • 1969 Thang Thanh Nguyen, Soc Trang Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)
  • 1971 Chad Michaels, American drag queen and Cher impersonator (RuPaul's Drag Race: All Stars winner), born in San Diego, California
  • 1971 Touré, American writer
  • 1973 Christopher Heinz, American businessman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1974 Andrzej Pilipiuk, Polish writer
  • 1984 Justine Ezarik, American Internet personality