On This Day

Birthdays in History on March 22

  • 841 Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (d. 885)
  • 1212 Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (d. 1235)
  • 1366 Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1399)
  • 1459 Maximilian I of Habsburg, German Emperor/archduke of Austria
  • 1503 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (d. 1583)
  • 1599 Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish painter (Charles I of England), born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • 1609 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1663 August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)
  • 1712 Edward Moore, English dramatist (The Gamester) (d. 1757)
  • 1720 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect who introduced Neoclassical architecture to Denmark, (d. 1799)
  • 1728 Anton Raphael Mengs, German Bohemian painter and one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting, born in Ústí nad Labem, Bohemia (d. 1779)
  • 1759 Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1767 Cornelis T. Elout, Dutch minister of Finance
  • 1771 Heinrich D. Zschokke, German Swiss author (Das Goldmacherdorf), born in Magdeburg, Prussia (d. 1848)
  • 1797 Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
  • 1799 Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, German astronomer, cataloguer of 324,188 stars, born in Memel, Kingdom of Prussia, (d. 1875)
  • 1803 Anthonie Waldrop, Dutch painter and lithographer
  • 1812 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Gabriel René Paul, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1886)
  • 1814 Thomas Crawford, US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)
  • 1817 Braxton Bragg, American General (Confederate Army), born in Warrenton, North Carolina (d. 1876)
  • 1818 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • 1819 William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • 1822 Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education and Justice
  • 1822 Isaac D. Fransen van de Putte, Dutch premier (1866)
  • 1822 Seth Williams, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1866)
  • 1824 William Henry Chase Whiting, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Biloxi, Mississippi (d. 1865)
  • 1834 Francis Asbury Shoup, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Randolph Caldecott, English illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake), born in Chester, England (d. 1886)
  • 1852 Theodor Birt [Beatus Rhenanus], German classical/writer
  • 1857 Arnold Sauwen, Flemish poet (Along the Meuse)
  • 1857 Paul Doumer, gov-genl of Indo-China/13th President of France (1931-32)
  • 1860 Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Meijer Linnewiel [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam's pitchman

Person of interestRobert A. Millikan

1868 Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), born in Morrison, Illinois (d. 1953)

Person of interestEmilio Aguinaldo

1869 Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), born in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines (d. 1964)

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1874 Ellen Glasgow, American novelist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1942), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • 1894 Surya Sen "Master Da", Indian activist for independence (Chittagong armoury raid), born in Chittagong, British India (d. 1934)
  • 1896 He Long, Chinese Communist revolutionary, marshal of the People's Liberation Army, born in Sangzhi, Hunan, China (d. 1969)
  • 1901 Greta Kempton, Austrian born American artist (White House artist under Truman), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1991)
  • 1902 Ellin Berlin [MacKay], Mrs Irving Berlin, writer (Lace Curtain)
  • 1903 James Sargent Russell, US pilot and admiral (WW II Pacific Ocean), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Jochen Klepper, German writer, born in Beuthen, Silesia (d. 1942)
  • 1905 Grigorij Kosinzev, Russian director of film and theater, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1905 Phyllis McGinley, American children's author and poet (Pulitzer Prize 1961), born in Ontario, Oregon (d. 1978)
  • 1907 James Gavin, US 82nd Airborne Division General (Sicily/Normandy), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun who claimed to have witnessed the Marian apparitions at Fatima as a child (d. 2005) or born 28 March
  • 1908 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, born in Langenbeutingen (d. 2000)
  • 1908 Louis D L'Amour, American best-selling author (Hondo, Jubal Sackett), born in Jamestown, North Dakota (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Maurice Stans, American Secretary of Commerce (1969-72) and Watergate figure, born in Shakopee, Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Gabrielle Roy, French Canadian novelist (Tin Flute), born in St. Boniface, Manitoba (d. 1973)
  • 1910 Nicholas Monsarrat, English novelist (The Cruel Sea), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1979)
  • 1912 Henri Rousselot, French admiral (submarine commander during WWII), born in Lorraine, France (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Lord Alport [Cuthbert Alport], politician, cabinet minister, and life peer
  • 1912 Agnes Martin, Canadian-American abstract painter, born in Macklin, Saskatchewan (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Tom McCall, American politician, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • 1914 Lord Stokes [Donald Stokes], English industrialist (British Leyland), born in Plymouth, England (d. 2008)
  • 1914 Masao Maruyama, Japanese social scientist, born in Osaka, Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Forest 'Bud' Sagendorf, American cartoonist (Popeye), born in Wenatchee, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Charles Pick, British publisher (William Heinemann), (d. 2000)
  • 1918 Cheddi Jagan, Guyanese politician, Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64) 'Father of the Nation', born in Port Mourant, Guiana (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Wilhelmus Norbert Schmelzer, Dutch foreign minister (KVP), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1923 Bryan Clieve Roberts, English lawyer and colonial administrator (instrumental in Malawi transition to independence), born in Southsea, England (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Al Neuharth, American newspaper founder (USA Today)
  • 1924 Paul Fussell, American historian (The Great War and Modern Memory), born in Pasadena, California (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Colin Spedding, British biologist and animal welfare advocate (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Julius Marmur, American biochemist and geneticist (DNA research), born in Bialystok, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Betty Callaway, figure skating trainer (coached Torvill and Dean), born in Reading, England (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Bill Archer, American politician (Rep-R-TX, 1971-2001), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1928 Dmitri Volkogonov, Russian historian (biographies of Stalin and Lenin) and colonel general, born in Chita, USSR (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Carrie Donovan, American fashion editor (d. 2001)
  • 1928 E.D. Hirsch. American social commentator, born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1930 Lynden Pindling, Bahamas 'Father of the Nation' Prime Minister of Bahamas (1967-92), born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Pat Robertson, American televangelist and media mogul (700 club, Presidential candidate-R-1989), born in Lexington, Virginia
  • 1930 Derek Bok, American lawyer and educator (President of Harvard University), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 Igor Hajek, Czech translator and writer, born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Leslie Thomas, Welsh writer (The Virgin Soldiers), born in Newport (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, born in Rhyl, Wales (d. 1998)
  • 1933 J. P. McCarthy, American radio personality (WJR Detroit), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Buddy MacKay, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1983-89), Governor of Florida for 24 days, born in Ocala, Florida
  • 1933 Abolhassan Banisadr, Iranian politician, President of Iran (1980-81), born in Hamadan, Iran
  • 1934 Leslie Turnberg, British medical researcher and academic, President of the Royal College of Physicians
  • 1934 Orrin Hatch, American politician (Sen-R-UT, 1977-2019) longest-serving Republican US Senator, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Ron Carey, American labor leader (International Brotherhood of Teamsters), born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)
  • 1941 Billy Collins, American poet (Poet Laureate of the United States 2001-2003), born in New York City
  • 1942 Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • 1944 Tony McPhee, English rocker (The Groundhogs), born in Humberston, England
  • 1946 Rudy Rucker, American sci-fi author (Wetware) and one of the founders of cyberpunk, born in Louisville, Kentucky

Person of interestJames Patterson

1947 James Patterson, American author (Alex Cross, Witch and Wizard), born in Newburgh, New York

  • 1951 Musa Manarov, Soviet cosmonaut who spent 541 days in space (Soyuz TM-4, TM-11), born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR
  • 1953 Thomas H Andrews, American politician (Rep-D-Maine 1991-95), born in Brockton, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Valdis Zatlers, Latvian politician 7th President of Latvia, born in Riga, Latvian SSR, USSR
  • 1955 Pete Sessions, American politician (REP-R-Texas 1997-209, 2021-), born in Waco, Texas
  • 1956 Generosa Ammon, American widow of murdered multimillionaire Ted Ammon, suspect in his death, born in Laguna Beach, California (d. 2003)
  • 1958 Laurie David, American political activist
  • 1962 Steve Dillon, English comic book artist (Preacher), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1963 Tony Elumelu, Nigerian economist and philanthropist (United Bank for Africa, The Tony Elumelu Foundation), born in Jos, Nigeria
  • 1966 Artis Pabriks, Latvian politician, born in Jūrmala, Lavtian SSR, USSR
  • 1966 Martha McSally, American politician (Senator Arizona (R) 2019-20), first female American pilot to fly in combat, born in Warwick, Rhode Island
  • 1972 Pieter Christiaan, Prince of Netherlands, grandson of Queen Juliana, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands