Birthdays in History on March 23

  • 603 K'inich Janaab' Pakal [Sun Shield], Ajaw of the Maya city-state of Palenque (d. 683)
  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon, 4th Northern Emperor of Japan (d. 1374)

Margaret of AnjouMargaret of Anjou (1430-1482)

Queen consort of England by marriage to King Henry VI, born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France

  • 1638 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist

James BradleyJames Bradley (1693-1762)

English astronomer, 3rd Astronomer Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, born in Shelborne, England

  • 1699 John Bartram, naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, born near Darby, Pennsylvania (d. 1777)
  • 1723 Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1732 Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • 1733 Josiah Spode, English potter and founder of Spode pottery works, born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 1797)
  • 1736 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka (d. 1785)
  • 1737 Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (President of the Continental Congress, 1787), born in Thurso, Scotland (d. 1818)
  • 1749 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • 1754 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1761 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1769 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1769 William Smith, British geologist who is credited with creating the first nationwide geological map (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), born in Churchill, Oxfordshire (d. 1839)
  • 1801 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 1808 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 1818 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • 1821 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1823 Schuyler Colfax, (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • 1825 Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1898)
  • 1831 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1847 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • 1854 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1857 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1858 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1862 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • 1863 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • 1868 Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)

Michael Joseph SavageMichael Joseph Savage (1872-1940)

Australian-born New Zealand politician and first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-40), born in Tatong, Australia

  • 1876 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1880 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881 Hermann Staudinger, German chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • 1881 Roger Martin du Guard, French novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • 1882 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • 1882 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1887 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1887 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • 1887 Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-American union leader (Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union; Congress of Industrial Organizations), born in Žagarė, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1946)
  • 1893 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
  • 1900 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1901 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • 1905 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • 1907 Daniel Bovet, Swiss pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)
  • 1907 Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, politician
  • 1908 Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
  • 1911 Denis Wright, diplomat
  • 1911 Edward Warner, diplomat
  • 1915 Francis Berry, poet/Shakespearean scholar
  • 1915 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1917 H C Allen, American historian
  • 1919 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • 1919 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • 1921 Donald Campbell, English boat and land racer (world land and water records 1964; only person to complete in same year), born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1967)
  • 1921 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921 Wolfgang Altendorfer, writer
  • 1923 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, born in Salé, Morocco (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (liquid paper), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1924 Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
  • 1925 David McNee, Scottish law enforcement officer (City of Glasgow/Strathclyde Police Chief Constable, 1971-77; Metropolitan Police Commissioner, 1977-82), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2019)
  • 1928 Alfred Morris, British MP
  • 1929 Albert H Crews, American chemical and aeronautical engineer and USAF astronaut (X-20 Dyna-Soar program), born in El Dorado, Arkansas
  • 1929 Michael Manser, English architect, born in Bristol (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Norman F. Lent, American politician (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93), born in Oceanside, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
  • 1933 Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • 1934 Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • 1937 Robert Gallo, American physician
  • 1938 Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
  • 1938 Maynard Jackson, first African American mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • 1941 Jim Trelease, American educator and children's literature author
  • 1942 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1943 Mohammad al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite cleric and leader who called for government reform, born in al-Kazimiya, Iraq (d. 1999) [1]
  • 1946 Alan Bleasdale, English author, playwright and scriptwriter (Are You Lonesome Tonight), born in Liverpool
  • 1949 Karen English, American politician (Rep-D-Arizona 1993-5), born in Berkeley, California
  • 1949 Roland Lee, American Watercolor Artist
  • 1952 Kim Stanley Robinson, American sci-fi author (Mars Trilogy), born in Waukegan, Illinois

Rex TillersonRex Tillerson (70 years old)

1952 American businessman (ExxonMobil) and US Secretary of State (2017-18), born in Wichita Falls, Texas

  • 1953 Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, British MP
  • 1956 Andrew Mitchell, British MP
  • 1956 José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission
  • 1956 Laura Thorne, chef (named one of 10 best American chefs)
  • 1960 Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1960 Oscar Michael Moore, journalist
  • 1965 Gary Whitehead, American poet
  • 1968 Mitch Cullin, American novelist (A Slight Trick of the Mind), born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1974 Randall Park, American comedian, writer, and actor (Fresh Off the Boat), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1976 Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle trials rider, born in Silsden, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1976 Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
  • 1977 Jean Carlos Gamarra, Peruvian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1983 François Gabart, French sailor (record round-the-world trip), born in Saint-Michel-d'Entraygues, France
  • 1987 Kim Wall, Swedish journalist killed investigating Danish inventor Peter Madsen, born in Trelleborg, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • 1990 Eugenie, Princess of York and daughter of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, born in London
  • 1999 Prince Beltran of Bulgaria