On This Day

Birthdays in History on March 26

  • 1479 Vasili III of Russia, Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33), son of Ivan III (d. 1533)
  • 1516 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1565)
  • 1554 Charles, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader, born in Alençon, France (d. 1611)
  • 1577 Elisabeth of Nassau, Daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1642)
  • 1698 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, born in Helvíkovice, Bohemia (d. 1765)
  • 1749 William Blount, American statesman and signer of United States Constitution, born in Windsor, North Carolina (d. 1800)
  • 1753 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), born in Woburn, Massachusetts (d. 1814)
  • 1773 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
  • 1794 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1813 Thomas West Sherman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1879)
  • 1817 Herman Haupt, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1905)
  • 1819 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1833 Betsy Perk [Christina Elizabeth], Dutch journalist, writer and pioneer of the Dutch women's movement, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • 1840 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)

  • 1850 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, born in Chicopee, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • 1856 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, born in Ysgyborwen, Wales (d. 1918)
  • 1859 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)A
  • 1859 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1868 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1871 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, born in Kukui‘ula, Kōloa, Kauaʻi, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)

Person of interestRobert Frost

1874 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1875 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1876 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer, born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Duncan Hines, American restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • 1881 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, born in Florence (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist, member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Grenchen, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • 1885 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, born in Kirkstall, Leeds (d. 1955)
  • 1886 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • 1890 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
  • 1893 James B. Conant, American chemist and President of Harvard University, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • 1893 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1964)
  • 1899 James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)

  • 1902 Leslie Melville, economist
  • 1904 Emilio Fernandez, El Seco Mexico, director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre)
  • 1904 Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)
  • 1904 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning) and founder of logotherapy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and freedom fighter, born in Farrukhabad, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1908 Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], American writer (Egg & I)
  • 1908 Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
  • 1908 Robert William Paine, architect
  • 1911 Bernard Katz, German-born Australian biophysicist (Nobel Prize 1970), born in Leipzig, German Empire

Person of interestTennessee Williams

1911 Tennessee Williams, American playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), born in Columbus, Mississippi (d. 1983)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1913 Paul Erdos, mathematician
  • 1914 Ian McGeoch, Vice-Admiral

Person of interestWilliam Westmoreland

1914 William Westmoreland, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1964-68), born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • 1914 Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Christian B Anfinsen, US chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972)
  • 1916 Mort Abrahams, producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes)
  • 1917 Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
  • 1920 George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
  • 1921 George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1921 Peter Horsley, CEO (Osprey Aviation)
  • 1922 William Milliken, American politician, longest serving Governor of Michigan (1969-83), born in Traverse City, Michigan
  • 1922 Oscar Sala, Italian-born Brazilian nuclear physicist, born in Milan, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Elizabeth Jane Howard, British novelist (After Julius), (d. 2014)
  • 1923 Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 Lord Graham of Edmonton, House of Lords (chief opposition whip)
  • 1925 Baron Hooson [Hugh Emlyn], British politician and peer (MP for Montgomeryshire 1962-79), (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Jonathan Tod, Vice-Admiral (England)
  • 1928 G. Harry Stine, American science fiction writer (d. 1997)
  • 1929 Edwin Turney, American businessman
  • 1930 Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man)
  • 1930 Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- 2006), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1932 Dick Nolan, football coach
  • 1934 G T Pryce, CEO (Dalgety)

Person of interestMahmoud Abbas

1935 Mahmoud Abbas, 2nd President of the Palestine National Authority (2005-present), born in Safed, Mandatory Palestine

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas
  • 1938 Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 Colin Webb, general manager (Press Association)
  • 1939 Stuart Sutherland, Professor Emeritus (Sussex U)
  • 1940 Bill Ind, Bishop-designate (Truro)

Person of interestNancy Pelosi

1940 Nancy Pelosi, American politician (Rep-D-California 1987-), 1st female Speaker of the House (2007-11, 2019-), born in Baltimore, Maryland

US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
US Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi
  • 1940 Servaes Huys, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist
  • 1941 Yvon Marcoux, Quebec politician
  • 1942 Erica Jong, [Mann], American author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Robert "Bob" Woodward, Geneva Illinois, Washington Post investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes)
  • 1946 Alain Madelin, French politician
  • 1947 Dar Robinson, American stuntman (d. 1986)
  • 1949 Baroness Hayman [Hélène Hayman], Wolverhampton, West Midlands, Lord Speaker of the House of Lords
  • 1952 David Amess, British politician (C), born in London
  • 1953 Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1953 Lincoln Chafee, American Senator from Rhode Island
  • 1953 Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • 1954 Piers Gardner, director (British Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • 1959 Chris Hansen, American reporter and correspondent
  • 1961 Leigh Bowery, designer
  • 1961 William Hague, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1962 Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1963 Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
  • 1971 Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist

Person of interestLarry Page

1973 Larry Page, American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Sergey Brin), born in East Lansing, Michigan

Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google Larry Page
Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google
Larry Page
  • 1983 David Bennett, Canadian powerlifter and steamfitter
  • 1986 Jessica McClure, baby trapped in Texas well in 1988