Birthdays in History on March 27

  • 972 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), born in Orléans, France (d. 1031)
  • 1554 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1627)
  • 1627 Stephen Fox, English politician, born in Farley, Wiltshire (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1676 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • 1712 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • 1730 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • 1746 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • 1746 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • 1765 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1780 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1784 Alexander Csoma de Kőrös, Hungarian Tibetan scholar (first Tibetan-English Dictionary), born in Kőrös, Transylvania (d. 1842)
  • 1784 Jonathan Jennings, American politician (Governor of Indiana, 1816–1822; Congressman for Indiana, 1822–1831), born in Readington, New Jersey (d. 1834)
  • 1785 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1795)
  • 1797 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1810 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1810 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in York, England (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Nathaniel Currier, American lithographer (Currier & Ives), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), born in Kilchberg, Switzerland (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Samuel Kosciusko Zook, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • 1839 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, born in Glenavy, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

Wilhelm RöntgenWilhelm Röntgen (1845-1923)

German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province

  • 1847 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1857 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, born in Redding, Connecticut (d. 1924)

Henry RoyceHenry Royce (1863-1933)

English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England

  • 1869 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, born in Glenarm, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • 1871 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer (Family of Man), born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1886 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1889 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1897 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, born in Grossenhain, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1897 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • 1901 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1901 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, born in Blantyre (d. 2000)
  • 1905 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, born in Vancouver (d. 1980)
  • 1905 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1908 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province (d. 1996)

James CallaghanJames Callaghan (1912-2005)

British Prime Minister (Labour: 1976-79), born in Portsmouth, England

  • 1913 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1917 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Tom Bevill, American Democratic fifteen-term U.S. congressman, born in Townley, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Margaret Stacey, English sociologist who helped shape the distinctively British genre of empirical sociology, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Stefan Wul, French sci-fi author (The Temple of the Past), born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Shūsaku Endō, Japanese writer (Sea & Poison, Silence), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Charles Henry Plumb, 15th President of the European Parliament, born in Warwickshire
  • 1925 John Bayley, English academic and writer (Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1926 Louis Blom-Cooper, barrister specialising in public and administrative law and co-editor of The Judicial House of Lords 1876–2009, born in London
  • 1927 Anthony Lewis, American columnist (NY Times) and author (Gideon's Trumpet), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Fanshawe of Richmond [Anthony Henry Fanshawe Royle], Conservative MP for Richmond (1959-83) (d. 2001)
  • 1927 Mo Ostin [Ostrofsky], American record company executive (Verve; Reprise; Warner Bros,; Dreamworks), born in New York City (d. 2022)
  • 1928 Douglas Applegate, American politician (US Representative from Ohio, 1977-95), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 2021)
  • 1930 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1931 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • 1933 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • 1934 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer and novelist, born in San Pedro, Buenos Aires (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic priest, martyr and missionary to Guatemala, born in Okarche, Oklahoma (d. 1981)
  • 1935 Michael Howard, 21st Earl of Suffolk and 14th Earl of Berkshire
  • 1937 Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter, born in Albany, New York
  • 1938 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • 1938 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • 1939 Charles Lyell, 3rd Baron Lyell, British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1939 Ruth Ashton, general secretary (Royal College of Midwives)
  • 1941 Charles Pashayan Jr., U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Fresno, California
  • 1941 Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004-14), born in Poltár, Slovak Republic
  • 1942 Michael Jackson, British writer and journalist, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Raymond J. McGrath, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Valley Stream, New York
  • 1942 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1947 Daphne Todd, English artist and president (Royal Society of Portrait Painters), born in York
  • 1947 Walt Mossberg, American journalist, the highest-paid journalist at the Wall Street Journal, born in Warwick, Rhode Island
  • 1949 Patrick Deuchar, CEO (Albert Hall)
  • 1950 Petros Efthymiou, Greek politician (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), born in Larissa, Thessaly
  • 1955 Mariano Rajoy, Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain (2011-18), born in Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • 1955 Patrick McCabe, Irish novelist (The Butcher Boy), born in Clones, County Monaghan
  • 1957 Nicholas Hawkins, British politician (Conservatives 1992-2005)
  • 1958 Susan Molinari, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian
  • 1967 Paul Adams, American celebrity
  • 1970 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1981 Carey Davis, American National Football League fullback, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1986 Melissa Stern [Baby M]/[Sara Whitehead], surrogate baby
  • 1990 Scott Selwood, Australian rules footballer, born in Bendigo, Australia