Birthdays in History on March 27

  • 972 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), born in Orléans, France (d. 1031)
  • 1554 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1627)
  • 1627 Stephen Fox, English politician, born in Farley, Wiltshire (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1676 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • 1712 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • 1730 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • 1746 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • 1746 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • 1765 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1780 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1785 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1795)
  • 1797 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1810 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1810 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in York, England (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Nathaniel Currier, American lithographer (Currier & Ives), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), born in Kilchberg, Switzerland (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Samuel Kosciusko Zook, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • 1839 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, born in Glenavy, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

Person of interestWilhelm Röntgen

1845 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1847 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1857 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, born in Redding, Connecticut (d. 1924)
  • 1863 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • 1869 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, born in Glenarm, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • 1871 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1886 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1889 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1897 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • 1897 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, born in Grossenhain , Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1901 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1901 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • 1901 Carl Barks, American cartoonist (creator of Scrooge McDuck), born in Merrill, Oregon (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, born in Blantyre (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Charles Bryant Lang Jr., American cinematographer, born in Bluff, Utah (d. 1998)
  • 1905 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, born in Vancouver (d. 1980)
  • 1905 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1908 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province (d. 1996)

Person of interestJames Callaghan

1912 James Callaghan, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1976-79), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2005)

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan

  • 1913 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1917 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Tom Bevill, American Democratic fifteen-term U.S. congressman, born in Townley, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Margaret Stacey, English sociologist who helped shape the distinctively British genre of empirical sociology, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Stefan Wul, French sci-fi author (The Temple of the Past), born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Shūsaku Endō, Japanese writer (Sea & Poison, Silence), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Charles Henry Plumb, 15th President of the European Parliament, born in Warwickshire
  • 1925 John Bayley, English academic and writer (Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Louis Blom-Cooper, barrister specialising in public and administrative law and co-editor of The Judicial House of Lords 1876–2009, born in London
  • 1926 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1927 Anthony Lewis, American columnist (NY Times) and author (Gideon's Trumpet), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Fanshawe of Richmond [Anthony Henry Fanshawe Royle], Conservative MP for Richmond (1959-83) (d. 2001)
  • 1928 Douglas Applegate, American politician, U.S. House of Representative from Ohio, born in Steubenville, Ohio
  • 1930 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1931 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • 1933 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • 1934 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Michael Howard, 21st Earl of Suffolk and 14th Earl of Berkshire
  • 1935 Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer and novelist, born in San Pedro, Buenos Aires
  • 1935 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic Priest, Martyr and Missionary to Guatemala, born in Okarche, Oklahoma (d. 1981)
  • 1937 Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter, born in Albany, New York
  • 1938 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • 1938 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • 1939 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1939 Charles Lyell, 3rd Baron Lyell, British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Ruth Ashton, general secretary (Royal College of Midwives)
  • 1941 Charles Pashayan Jr., U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Fresno, California
  • 1941 Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004-14), born in Poltár, Slovak Republic
  • 1942 Raymond J. McGrath, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Valley Stream, New York
  • 1942 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Michael Jackson, British writer and journalist, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1947 Daphne Todd, English artist and president (Royal Society of Portrait Painters), born in York
  • 1947 Walt Mossberg, American journalist, the highest-paid journalist at the Wall Street Journal, born in Warwick, Rhode Island
  • 1949 Patrick Deuchar, CEO (Albert Hall)
  • 1950 Petros Efthymiou, Greek politician (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), born in Larissa, Thessaly
  • 1955 Patrick McCabe, Irish novelist (The Butcher Boy), born in Clones, County Monaghan
  • 1957 Nicholas Hawkins, British politician (Conservatives 1992-2005)
  • 1958 Susan Molinari, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian
  • 1967 Paul Adams, American celebrity
  • 1968 Irina Belova, Russian heptathelete (world record 1992), born in Angarsk, Russia
  • 1970 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1981 Carey Davis, American National Football League fullback, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1986 Melissa Stern, [Baby M]/[Sara Whitehead], surrogate baby
  • 1990 Scott Selwood, Australian rules footballer, born in Bendigo, Australia