Birthdays in History on March 28

  • 1468 Charles I, Duke of Savoy (1482-90), born in Carignano, Piedmont (d. 1490)
  • 1472 Fra Bartolommeo, Florentine Renaissance painter (The Last Judgement), born in Florence (d. 1517)
  • 1483 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina School of Athens), born in Urbino, (d. 1520) Gregorian calendar date
  • 1515 Teresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint, born in Gotarrendura, Ávila (d. 1582)
  • 1522 Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth, born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1557)
  • 1569 Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1592-1622), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1622)
  • 1592 John Amos Comenius, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, born in Margraviate of Moravia, Crown of Bohemia (Nivnice, Czech Republic) (d. 1670)
  • 1599 Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer, born in Brielle, Netherlands (d. 1658)
  • 1613 Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, Empress of Manchu (1643-62) (d. 1688)
  • 1615 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1678)
  • 1652 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge and businessman, born in Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England (d. 1730)
  • 1660 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1719)
  • 1725 Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman and biographer, born in Nottingham (d. 1795)
  • 1727 Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bayern (1745-77), born in Munich (d. 1777)
  • 1729 Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art merchant (Atlas of Fouquet), born in Amsterdam (d. 1800)
  • 1750 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter, born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1816)
  • 1760 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1846)
  • 1770 Sophie Mereau, German writer, born in Altenburg, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1773 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1844)
  • 1793 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, born in Guilderland, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1795 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1799 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1806 Ludolph Anne Jan Wilt Sloet van de Beele, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1861-66), born in Voorst, Batavian Republic (d. 1890)
  • 1806 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, born in England (d. 1891)
  • 1815 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, born in Bruyères, France (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Wade Hampton, American politician, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1902)
  • 1819 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (London's Metropolitan Board of Works), born in Clay Hill, Enfield, London (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1840 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • 1849 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)
  • 1851 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1944)
  • 1853 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1862 Aristide Briand, 11x Prime Minister of France (1909-22) (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), born in Nantes (d. 1932)
  • 1868 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter and illustrator, born in Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1868 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1872 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1891 Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • 1891 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), born in Hatten, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1892 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1892 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • 1893 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (20th Century Fox), born in Skourohorion, Greece (d. 1971)
  • 1895 Spencer W. Kimball, American 12th President of the Mormon Church (1973-1985), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1985)
  • 1895 Christian Herter, 59th Governor of Massachusetts (1953-57), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Sepp Herberger, German football coach and manager (West German National Team), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Harold B. Lee, American religious leader, Head of Mormon Church, born in Clifton, Idaho (d. 1973)
  • 1907 Irving Paul Lazar, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Nelson Algren, American novelist (Man with the Golden Arm), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1981)
  • 1910 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1910 Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., American librarian and director of the Pierpont Morgan Library, born in Greenwich, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Myfanwy Piper, British librettist and art critic, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1911 J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language, born in Lancaster (d. 1960)

  • 1912 A. Bertram Chandler, AngloAustralian mariner and sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1984)
  • 1912 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, born in Moscow (d. 1943)
  • 1914 Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (Closely Observed Trains), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Dick Norris, Australian entomologist, born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Selma Rubin, American environmental activist (Earth Day co-founder), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • 1920 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Neville Bonner, the first Indigenous Australian to become a member of the Parliament of Australia, born in Ukerebagh Island, New South Wales (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Gerhard Fritsch, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1969)
  • 1924 Peter Baer, artost and printmaker, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, born in Madrid (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (Simon and the Oaks), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician, born in Berlin (d. 2014)
  • 1929 Aubrey Joseph Watson Sr., bishop
  • 1930 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1930 George Bruce, British portrait painter, born in London
  • 1932 Sven Oskar Lindqvist, Swedish writer (Myten om Wu Tao-tzu), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, poet, journalist, presidential candidate and Nobel Prize Laureate (Aunt Julia), born in Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru
  • 1936 Amancio Ortega, Spanish businessman and one of the wealthiest people in the world, (founder of the Inditex fashion group), born in Busdongo de Arbás, Spain
  • 1942 Neil Kinnock, Leader of the British opposition (Labour Party), born in Tredegar, Wales
  • 1942 Samuel Ramey, American operatic bass (La Scala), born in Colby, Kansas
  • 1942 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1942 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard, born in Zschochau, Saxony, Nazi Germany (d. 1998)
  • 1945 Hans Brunhart, Leader of Liechtenstein (1978-93), born in Balzers, Liechtenstein
  • 1945 Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician, count and engineer, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1945 Rodrigo Duterte, Philippines politician, President of the Philippines (2016-), born in Maasin, Leyte
  • 1946 Alejandro Toledo, 63rd President of Peru (2001-06), born in Cabana, Peru
  • 1946 Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut, born in Almelo Netherlands, (d. 2014)
  • 1947 Bruce Gilbert, English producer (China Syndrome, 9 to 5, On Golden Pond), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England
  • 1947 John Landecker, American disk jockey, born in Michigan
  • 1948 Gerry House, American radio personality (Gerry House and the House Foundation), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1949 Michael W. Young, American geneticist (Nobel Prize 2017, cicadian rhythms), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1953 Nydia M Velazquez, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
  • 1953 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), born in Nyabihanga, Burundi (d. 1993)
  • 1954 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • 1955 John Alderdice, Northern Irish politician, born in Ballymena, Northern Ireland
  • 1960 José Maria Neves, Prime Minister of Cape Verde (2001-16), born in Santa Catarina, Cape Verde
  • 1960 Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt, French author and dramatist (Concerto to the Memory of an Angel), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône
  • 1963 Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1968 Iris Chang, American author and journalist, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • 1970 Michelle Gildernew, Irish republican politician
  • 1974 Scott Mills, British radio disc jockey
  • 1977 Lauren Weisberger, American novelist
  • 1986 Robert Bowdrie "Bowe" Bergdahl, American soldier held captive in Afghanistan, born in Sun Valley, Idaho