Birthdays in History on March 29

  • 1123 Shizong of Jin [Wulu], Chinese Emperor and the 5th Emperor of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty (1161-89), (d. 1189)
  • 1517 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1553 Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet, born in Trapezonda, Sitia, Kingdom of Candia (d. 1613 or 1614)
  • 1561 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • 1584 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general, born in Yorkshire (d. 1648)
  • 1602 John Lightfoot, English theologist and scholar (Horae Hebraicae), born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 1675)
  • 1668 Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist (Founder of the Foundling Hospital), born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1751)
  • 1713 John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
  • 1769 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal, 10th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, France (d. 1851)
  • 1780 Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish explorer and adventurer (attempted to rule Iceland), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1841)

John TylerJohn Tyler (1790-1862)

American politician, 10th US President (1841-45), born in Charles City County, Virginia

Edward Smith-StanleyEdward Smith-Stanley (1799-1869)

14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England

  • 1813 John Letcher, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia, born in Lexington, Virginia (d. 1884)
  • 1816 James Gallant Spears, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bledsoe County, Tennessee (d. 1869)
  • 1816 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, born in Chamdo (d. 1837)
  • 1817 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, born in Novo-Aksakovo, Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1819 Edwin Drake, American businessman who drilled 1st productive US oil well, born in Greenville, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1819 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1821 Joshua Thomas Owen, British-American educator, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carmarthen, United Kingdom (d. 1887)
  • 1822 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter (landscape paintings), born in Namen, Belgium (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), born in Giessen, Germany (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Ritta & Christina Parodi, Siamese twins, born in Sassare, Sardinia (d. 1829)
  • 1829 Robert Emmet Rodes, American Civil War Confederate Army Major General, born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1831 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • 1840 Matteo Albertone, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Alessandria (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, born in Sheshurino, Russia (d. 1925)
  • 1869 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), born in Humpolec, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (Tensor calculus), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1941)
  • 1874 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 1944)
  • 1876 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • 1883 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, American chemist (Micromanometric analysis), born in Pike, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1888 A. M. de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak), born in Nieuw-Vossemeer, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1888 James E. Casey, American businessman and founder (United Parcel Service), born in Candelaria, Nevada (d. 1983)
  • 1890 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), born in Neutitschein, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1891 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • 1892 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • 1893 Dora Carrington, British Bloomsbury artist, born in Hereford, Herefordshire (d. 1932)
  • 1895 Ernst Jünger, German author and entomologist (Storm of Steel), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1998)
  • 1898 Cecil Arthur Lewis, British fighter pilot and writer, born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1997)

Lavrentiy BeriaLavrentiy Beria (1899-1953)

Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, born in Merkheuli, Russian Empire

  • 1900 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), born in Chiltern, Australia (d. 1980)
  • 1901 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (The Tomb in the Rainforest), born in Muo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • 1902 Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright, born in Joigny, France (d. 1967)
  • 1909 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish writer (Gnome Patjoepelke)
  • 1912 Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and test pilot, born in Hirschberg, Silesia (d. 1979)
  • 1913 Jack Jones, British trade unionist (CH), born in Garston, Liverpool (d. 2009)
  • 1913 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Chapman Pincher, British journalist and author (about secret service), born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 2014)

Eugene McCarthyEugene McCarthy (1916-2005)

American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota

  • 1916 John Paul, British colonial administrator, Governor-General (Bahamas), born in Weymouth, Dorset (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1918 John Read, British businessman, CEO (TSB Group), born in Brighton (d. 2015)

Sam WaltonSam Walton (1918-1992)

American businessman (founder and CEO of Walmart and Sam's Club), born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma

  • 1920 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Hugh Neill, British businessman and Army officer, Lord-Lieutenant (South Yorkshire), born in Sheffield, Yorkshire
  • 1923 Julia Montgomery Walsh, American businesswoman and stockbroker, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Roy Beldam, British Lord Justice of Appeal (1989-2000)
  • 1927 Arthur Ravenel Jr, American businessman and politician (Rep-R-South Carolina), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1927 Donald Ross, Lord Ross, Scottish judge, born in Dundee, Scotland
  • 1927 John McLaughlin, American TV commentator (McLaughlin Group) and Nixon aide, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2016)
  • 1927 John R. Vane, English pharmacologist (Nobel 1982), born in Tardebigg, Worcestershire (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Vincent Gigante, Italian-American mafioso, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Sheila Kitzinger, British author, anthropologist & child birth educator, born in Taunton, Somerset (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist and writer, born in Matsumoto, Japan
  • 1930 Hugh Seymour, 8th Marquess of Hertford (d. 1997)
  • 1931 Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Westminster, London
  • 1931 James Weatherhead, Scottish moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland), born in Dundee (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Norman Tebbit, British Conservative party politician, cabinet minister and life peer, born in Ponders End, England
  • 1931 Sylvia Law, British town planner (President of the Royal Town Planning Institute), born in Southport, Lancashire
  • 1932 William Charette, American navy Hospital Corpsman and Medal of Honour recipient, born in Ludington, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet (Quand nous serons heureux - When we are happy), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1934 Paul Crouch, American televangelist (Trinity Broadcasting Network), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Mogens Camre, Danish politician (Folketing (Danish Parliament), 1968-1987, 3 days in 2007; European Parliament, 1999-2009), born in Randers, Denmark (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Billy Carter, brother of US President Jimmy Carter, born in Plains, Georgia (d. 1988)
  • 1937 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister (1994-95), born in Saint-Marc, Haiti (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Bert de Vries, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1939 Roland Arnall, American businessman and U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, born in Paris (d. 2008).
  • 1941 Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr., American astrophysicist (1993 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of a new type of pulsar), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 Larry Pressler, American politician, United States Senator from South Dakota, born in Humboldt, South Dakota

John MajorJohn Major (79 years old)

1943 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

  • 1944 James Diggle, British classicist, born in Rochadale
  • 1944 Nana Akufo-Addo [William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo], Ghanaian politician, President of Ghana (2017-), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1945 Hardy Fox, American member of avant-garde band The Residents, born in Longview, Texas (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Ronald Farrow, radio producer and priest (d. 1995)
  • 1947 Aleksandr Stepenovich Viktorenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3, 8, 14, 20), born in Olginka, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Bobby Kimball American rocker (Toto-Roseann), born in Orange, Texas
  • 1947 Peter Hinchcliffe, British businessman (co-founder of Iceland Frozen Foods)
  • 1949 Keith Simpson, British politician and military historian, born in Norwich, Norfolk
  • 1954 Karen Ann Quinlan, American famous comatose patient (right to die case), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Fiona Reynolds, Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and Director-General of the National Trust, born in Alston, Cumbria
  • 1959 Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer, born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 1964 Catherine Cortez Masto, American politician (Senator-D-Nevada 2017-), born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1964 Michael A. Jackson, American politician, born in Cheverly, Maryland
  • 1965 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, born in Kiato, Greece (d. 2005)
  • 1965 William Oefelein, American astronaut (STS-116 Space Shuttle), born in Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  • 1971 Lennart van Reen, son of author Ton v R/publisher Corrie Zelen
  • 1972 Michel Ancel, French game designer (Ubisoft), born in Monaco
  • 1972 Priti Patel, British politician (UK Home Secretary 2019-), born in London, England
  • 1980 Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan, fourth son of King Hussein bin Talal, born in Amman, Jordan