Birthdays in History on March 30

  • 1135 Moses Maimonedes, Jewish philosopher, jurist and physician, born in Córdoba (d. 1204)
  • 1326 Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)

Mehmed the ConquerorMehmed the Conqueror (1432-1481)

Ottoman Sultan (1444-45 and 1451-81) who conquered Constantinople, born in Edirne, Ottoman Sultanate

John TrenchardJohn Trenchard (1649-1695)

English radical Whig politician and statesman, born in Lytchett Matravers, Dorset

  • 1674 Jethro Tull, English agricultural writer, born in Basildon, England (d. 1741) baptism date
  • 1681 Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver
  • 1697 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor
  • 1746 Francisco Goya, Spanish court painter and etcher (The Second of May 1808), born in Fuendetodos, Spain (d. 1828)
  • 1768 Maria Reynolds, American mistress of Alexander Hamilton and part of America's 1st political sex scandal (Reynolds Pamphlet), born in NYC, Province of New York, British Empire (d. 1828)
  • 1790 Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen (1811-1899)

German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation

  • 1820 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (d. 1878)
  • 1823 Joseph Farmer Knipe, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mount Joy, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Innis Newton Palmer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1830 Julius Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1836 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • 1842 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian/philosopher
  • 1844 Paul Verlaine, French lyric poet (Sagesse; Clair de lune; Hombres), born in Metz, France (d. 1896)

Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh (1853-1890)

Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises, Sunflowers), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands

  • 1857 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • 1861 Gratton Hanley "Grat" Dalton, American outlaw of the Old West (The Dalton Gang), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1892)
  • 1864 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician
  • 1865 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
  • 1876 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1943)
  • 1880 Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Juno and the Paycock), born in Dublin (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Melanie Klein, Austrian-British author and child psychoanalyst (object relations theory), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Jo Davidson, American sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman), born in New York City (d. 1952)
  • 1886 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician
  • 1887 Albert P Termote, Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great)
  • 1892 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • 1892 Erwin Panofsky, German-American art historian
  • 1892 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)
  • 1895 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • 1898 Heinz Risse, German writer, born in Dusseldorf (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1951)
  • 1902 Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • 1903 Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (d. 1984)
  • 1905 Albert Pierrepoint, last and longest serving British executioner (est. 433-608 executed), born in Clayton, West Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Józef Marcinkiewicz, Polish mathematician, born in Cimoszka, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1912 (Andrew) Rodger Waterson, Scottish zoologist, specializing in malacology (mollusks) and entomology (insects), born in Ollaberry, Shetland, Scotland
  • 1913 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, (d. 2012)
  • 1913 Gottfried Reinhardt, Austrian-American theatre producer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Richard Helms, American CIA head (1966-73), born in St. Davids, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • 1919 McGeorge Bundy, American national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1921 Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire
  • 1922 John Coates, British naval architect (Ancient Greek trireme) (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Herbert Asmodi, German writer 9d.2007)
  • 1923 Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)

Ingvar KampradIngvar Kamprad (1926-2018)

Swedish eccentric businessman (founder of IKEA) and author (The Testament of a Furniture Dealer), born in Pjätteryd, Sweden

  • 1926 Lord Rayner [Derek Rayner], English businessman and chief executive (Marks & Spencer), born in Norwich, Norfolk
  • 1927 Robert Armstrong [Lord Armstrong of Ilminster], British peer and civil servant (Spycatcher trial), born in Headington, England (d. 2020)
  • 1928 Richard Trant, British general (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Tom Sharpe, English historian and author (Riotous Assembly, Want), (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Lord Browne-Wilkinson [Nicolas Christopher Henry Browne-Wilkinson], Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (UK)
  • 1932 Ted Morgan, French-American reporter and biographer, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1936 Mark Burns, British director (Juggernaut)
  • 1936 Richard Baker, American Zen teacher (Dharma Sangha), born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1937 Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth [Ian MacLaurin], British businessman and chairman (Vodafone), born in Blackheath, England
  • 1941 Bob Smith, American politician (Senator New Hampshire 1990-2003, Rep New Hampshire 1985-90), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1941 Brendan O'Friel, CEO (Prison Governors Association)
  • 1941 Ron Johnston, English geographer, born in Swindon, England (d. 2020)
  • 1942 George Esson, Scottish Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway - headed police investigation into Lockerbie Bombing)
  • 1944 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)
  • 1945 Johnnie Walker [Peter Dingley], British radio DJ, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1947 Ryszard Kotla, Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer
  • 1948 Mervyn King, English economist, Governor of the Bank of England (2003-13), born in Chesham Bois
  • 1948 Nigel Jones, British politician (LD), born in Cheltentham, England
  • 1949 Liza Frulla, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Dave McCurdy, American lawyer, politician (US Representative for Oklahoma (D), 1981-95), and lobbyist, born in Canadian, Texas
  • 1951 Anton Tkáč, Slovak track cyclist (Olympic gold Czechoslovakia men's match sprint 1976; World C'ship gold 1974, 78), born in Lozorno, Slovakia (d. 2022)
  • 1951 Yves Séguin, Quebec politician
  • 1956 Bill Butler, Scottish politician
  • 1957 Yelena Kondakova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM 20, STS 84, 1st woman to make a space flight of long duration), born in Mytishchi, Russia
  • 1958 Peter Ellis, New Zealand convicted child abuser, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 2019)
  • 1973 Matthew Pritchard, Welsh Stuntman and celebrity chef, born in Cardiff, Wales