Birthdays in History on March 8

  • 1286 John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal (1325-57), born in Toro, Zamora (d. 1359)
  • 1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God, born in Montemor-o-Novo, Évora, Portugal (d. 1550)
  • 1514 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in Izumo, Japan (d. 1562)
  • 1659 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, born in Niort, France (d. 1738)

Anne BonnyAnne Bonny (1702-1782)

Irish Caribbean pirate and lover of Calico Jack [date of birth is approximate], born in Kinsale, Ireland

  • 1712 John Fothergill, English physician, born in Wensleydale, England (d. 1780)
  • 1726 Richard Howe, British admiral, born in London (d. 1799)
  • 1746 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • 1748 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1806)
  • 1783 Hannah Hoes, future wife of U.S. President Martin Van Buren (1837-41), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1819)

Karl Ferdinand von GraefeKarl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840)

German surgeon who helped create modern plastic Immunologist, born in Warsaw, Poland

  • 1799 Simon Cameron, U.S. Senator and Secretary of War (Union), born in Maytown, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)

Ignacy ŁukasiewiczIgnacy Łukasiewicz (1822-1882)

Polish engineer, businessman and inventor who built the 1st modern oil refinery and invented the kerosene lamp, born in Zaduszniki, Mielec, Austrian Empire

  • 1827 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1830 João de Deus [Sao Bartolomeu de Messines], Portuguese poet (Flores do Campo), born in Algarve, Portugal (d. 1896)
  • 1836 Matthew Calbraith Butler, American Major General (Confederate Army) and politician, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1909)
  • 1839 James Mason Crafts, American chemist (Friedel-Crafts alkylation synthesis), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1917)
  • 1839 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), born in Ashtabula County, Ohio (d. 1913)

Oliver Wendell Holmes JrOliver Wendell Holmes Jr (1841-1935)

US 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1847 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, born in Stollberg / Erzgeb (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Bramwell Booth, 2nd General of The Salvation Army, born in Halifax, England (d. 1929)
  • 1856 Tom Roberts, British-Australian artist (Shearing the Rams), born in Dorchester, Dorset, England (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • 1862 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Frederick William Goudy, American printer and type designer, born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host and zoo director (Artis), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), born in South Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), born in Somersworth, New Hampshire (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • 1890 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1892 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (1951-56), born in Renfrew, Ontario (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Elmer Keith, American firearms enthusiast and author (Guns & Ammo), born in Missouri (d. 1984)
  • 1899 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), born in Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • 1902 Jennings Randolph, American politician, Senator from West Virginia (1958-85), born in Salem, West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • 1910 Bernard Benjamin, British health statistician, actuary and demographer, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Elsie Giorgi, American-Italian physician and humanitarian, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Preston Smith, 40th Governor of Texas, born in Williamson County, Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Vivien John, English painter and daughter of Augustus John, born in Dorset (d. 1994)
  • 1916 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1917 A Marja [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • 1918 Poon Lim, Chinese sailor who survived 133 days adrift at sea, born in Hainan, China (d. 1991)
  • 1922 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), born in Heidersdorf, Lower Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1922 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), born in Sakaiminato, Tittori (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • 1924 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • 1925 Petrus Steenkamp, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA)
  • 1927 Stanisław Kania, Polish politician
  • 1931 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • 1931 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)

Juvénal HabyarimanaJuvénal Habyarimana (1937-1994)

Rwandan General, Dictator and President of Rwanda (1973-94) who was assassinated at the start of the Rwandan genocide, born in Ruanda-Urundi, Belgian Colonial Empire

  • 1937 Juvénal Hayarimana, president of Rwanda (1973-94)
  • 1937 Pamela McEvoy-Johnston, psychotherapist-board member (WIC)
  • 1939 George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)
  • 1939 Mike Lowry, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1979-89, Governor of Washington 1993-97), born in St. John, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Leslie Isben Rogge, one of FBI's most wanted
  • 1944 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • 1945 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1945 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • 1946 Jean Pagé, Canadian sports journalist (host: 'La Soirée du hockey' and '110%'), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec (d. 2019)
  • 1947 Don Brooks, American session and touring harmonica player (Waylon Jennings; Ken Burns' "The Civil War"), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2000)
  • 1947 Florentino Pérez, Spanish football executive
  • 1952 George Felix Allen, American politician
  • 1952 Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)
  • 1956 David Malpass, American economist (President of the World Bank 2019-), born in Petoskey, Michigan
  • 1965 Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1968 Ellen Forney, American cartoonist
  • 1980 Stephen Milne, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist