Birthdays in History on March 8

  • 1286 John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal (1325-57), born in Toro, Zamora (d. 1359)
  • 1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God, born in Montemor-o-Novo, Évora, Portugal (d. 1550)
  • 1514 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in Izumo, Japan (d. 1562)
  • 1659 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, born in Niort, France (d. 1738)

Person of interestAnne Bonny

1702 Anne Bonny, Irish pirate (date of birth is approximate), born in Kinsale, Ireland (d. 1782)

Pirate Anne Bonny
Pirate
Anne Bonny
  • 1712 John Fothergill, English physician, born in Wensleydale, England (d. 1780)
  • 1726 Richard Howe, British admiral, born in London (d. 1799)
  • 1746 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • 1748 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1806)
  • 1783 Hannah Van Buren, Wife of U.S. President Martin Van Buren (1837-41), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1819)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1799 Simon Cameron, U.S. Senator and Secretary of War (Union), born in Maytown, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)
  • 1822 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish engineer, businessman and inventor, born in Zaduszniki, Mielec, Austrian Empire (d. 1882)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1830 João de Deus [Sao Bartolomeu de Messines], Portuguese poet (Flores do Campo), born in Algarve, Portugal (d. 1896)
  • 1836 Matthew Calbraith Butler, American Major General (Confederate Army) and politician, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1909)
  • 1839 James Mason Crafts, American chemist (Friedel-Crafts alkylation synthesis), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1917)
  • 1839 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), born in Ashtabula County, Ohio (d. 1913)

Person of interestOliver Wendell Holmes Jr

1841 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, US 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

  • 1847 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, born in Stollberg / Erzgeb (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Bramwell Booth, 2nd General of The Salvation Army, born in Halifax, England (d. 1929)
  • 1856 Tom Roberts, British-Australian artist (Shearing the Rams), born in Dorchester, Dorset, England (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • 1862 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Frederick William Goudy, American printer and type designer, born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host and zoo director (Artis), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), born in South Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), born in Somersworth, New Hampshire (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • 1890 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1892 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (1951-56), born in Renfrew, Ontario (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), born in Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Elmer Keith, American firearms enthusiast and author (Guns & Ammo), born in Missouri (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • 1902 Jennings Randolph, American politician, Senator from West Virginia (1958-85), born in Salem, West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • 1910 Bernard Benjamin, British health statistician, actuary and demographer, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Elsie Giorgi, American-Italian physician and humanitarian, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Preston Smith, 40th Governor of Texas, born in Williamson County, Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Vivien John, English painter and daughter of Augustus John, born in Dorset (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1916 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)

  • 1917 A Marja, [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • 1922 Carl Furillo, Brooklyn Dodger (NL Batting Champ 1953)
  • 1922 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), born in Heidersdorf, Lower Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1922 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), born in Sakaiminato, Tittori (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Ralph Baer, Creator of the first video game console
  • 1923 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • 1924 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • 1925 Petrus Steenkamp, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA)
  • 1927 Stanisław Kania, Polish politician
  • 1931 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • 1931 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Ron Taylor, Australian cinematographer (Those Amazing Animals), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Juvénal Hayarimana, president of Rwanda (1973-94)
  • 1937 Pamela McEvoy-Johnston, psychotherapist-board member (WIC)

Person of interestJuvénal Habyarimana

1937 Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan General, Dictator and President of Rwanda (1973-94) who was assassinated at the start of the Rwandan genocide, born in Ruanda-Urundi, Belgian Colonial Empire (d. 1994)

Dictator and President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana
Dictator and President of Rwanda
Juvénal Habyarimana
  • 1939 George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)
  • 1939 Mike Lowry, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1979-89, Governor of Washington 1993-97 ), born in St. John, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Leslie Isben Rogge, one of FBI's most wanted
  • 1942 Ralph Ellis, England, rhythm (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • 1944 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • 1945 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • 1945 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1947 Florentino Pérez, Spanish football executive
  • 1952 Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)
  • 1952 George Felix Allen, American politician
  • 1965 Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1968 Ellen Forney, American cartoonist
  • 1980 Stephen Milne, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist