Birthdays in History on March 9

  • 1213 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader, born in Villaines-en-Duesmois, France (d. 1271)
  • 1285 Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)

Person of interestAmerigo Vespucci

1454 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), born in Florence (d. 1512)

  • 1564 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), born in Esens, Germany (d. 1617)
  • 1568 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and saint, born in Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1591)
  • 1629 Tsar Alexis I of Russia [Aleksey Mikhaylovich], Tsar of Russia (1645-76), born in Moscow (d. 1676)
  • 1720 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)

Person of interestComte de Mirabeau

1749 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France (d. 1791)

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1753 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1800)
  • 1758 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1763 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1835)
  • 1777 Aleksander Orłowski, Polish painter, cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1832)
  • 1791 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, born in Moryntsi, Ukraine (d. 1861)
  • 1815 David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Cecil County, Maryland (d. 1886)
  • 1820 Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Auburn, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1824 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon, 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, born in Watervliet, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1825 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, born in Rochensalm, Russian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1833 Frederick A. Schroeder, American tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas (d. 1928)
  • 1865 Margaret Murray Washington, Wife of Booker T. Washington and Lady Principal of Tuskegee, born in Macon, Mississippi (d. 1925)
  • 1877 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Ernest Bevin, British Minister of Labour (1940-45) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1945-51), born in Winsford, Sommerset (d. 1951)
  • 1883 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist, born in Redło, Goleniów County, Poland (d. 1976)

Person of interestVyacheslav Molotov

1890 Vyacheslav Molotov [Skryabin], Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), born in Kukarka, Russian Empire (d. 1986)

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov

Person of interestJosé P. Laurel

1891 Jose Paciano Laurel y Garcia, 3rd President of the Philippines (1942-44), born in Tanauan, Batangas (d. 1959)

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • 1892 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox), born in Brighton, East Sussex (d. 1981)
  • 1892 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1892 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), born in Knole House, Kent (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian painter and decorator, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Frank Arnau [Heinrich Schmitt], German crime fiction writer, born in Vienna (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1948)
  • 1902 Edward Durell Stone, American architect (US Embassy, New Delhi), born in Fayetteville, Arkansas (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs, born in Elkhart, Indiana (d. 2002)
  • 1905 Félix Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), born in Marchiennes, France (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Peter C. Quennell, English biographer and critic (Byron in Italy), born in Bickley, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Rex Warner, English poet and writer (Wild Goose Chase), born in Birmingham (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Derk Bodde, American sinologist and historian of China, born in Marshfield, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer and poet (Survivor), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Alan David Melville, polymath
  • 1913 Gerarda Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (Partij van de Arbeid), born in Rotterdam (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Dante Fascell, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Bridgehampton, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1918 Mickey Spillane [Frank Morrison Spillane], American mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1923 James L. Buckley, American politician, Senator from New York (1971-77), born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Gerrit A. Kooy, Dutch sociologist (Apartheid & work in South Africa), born in Kedichem, The Netherlands
  • 1928 Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer and engineer, born in North Bay, Ontario (d. 1990)
  • 1929 Hugh Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese politician and President of Guyana (1985-92), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1929 Marie Cardinal, French writer (La Clé Sur La Porte), born in French Algeria (d. 2001)

  • 1930 Harry Aarts, Dutch politician and 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • 1931 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer, born in Hallstahammar, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Simon Heere Heeresma, Dutch writer and poet (Han de Wit goes in development aid), born in Amsterdam (d. 2011)
  • 1932 Sister Bernard Ncube, South African religious sister and anti-apartheid, born in Johannesburg (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Mel Lastman, Canadian businessman and politician, born in Toronto, Ontario

Person of interestYuri Gagarin

1934 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1968)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1935 Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman (Qualcomm Inc.), born in Bergamo, Italy
  • 1937 Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec (2001-2003), born in Saint-Jacques, Quebec, Canada
  • 1941 Ger van Elk, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant, conviction on kidnapping, rape, and armed robbery charges, born in Mesa, Arizona (d. 1976)
  • 1943 Charles Gibson, American television journalist (Good Morning America), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1945 Dennis Rader, American serial killer who murdered ten people in Sedgwick County, Kansas, born in Pittsburg, Kansas
  • 1946 Gherman Semyonovich Arzamazov, Russian cosmonaut (backup TM-6), born in Shubino, Russia
  • 1947 Keri Hulme, New Zealand novelist, poet and short-story writer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1948 Jaime Lyn Bauer, American actress (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1948 Emma Bonino, Italian politician, Senator for Rome, born in Bra, Italy
  • 1951 Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1951 Helen Zille, South African politician, born in Johannesburg
  • 1954 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died, born in Newtownabbey, Northern Abbey (d. 1981)
  • 1956 Shashi Tharoor, Indian politician and diplomat (United Nations Under-Secretary General), born in London
  • 1956 David Willetts, English Conservative Party politician, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1957 Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician, leader of Swedish Social Democratic Party, born in Sollefteå, Västernorrland County, Sweden
  • 1964 Herbert Fandel, German football referee, born in Kyllburg, Germany
  • 1966 Tony Lockett, Australian rules footballer, born in Ballarat, Victoria
  • 1966 Michael Patrick MacDonald, Irish-American activist against crime and violence and author (All Souls: A Family Story From Southie), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1970 Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)
  • 1972 Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster, born in England
  • 1973 Matteo Salvini, Italian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (2018-), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1976 Thor Halvorssen, Venezuelan human rights activist, born in Venezuela
  • 1983 Clint Dempsey, American footballer, born in Nacogdoches, Texas