Birthdays in History on March 9

  • 1213 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader, born in Villaines-en-Duesmois, France (d. 1271)
  • 1285 Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)

Amerigo VespucciAmerigo Vespucci (1454-1512)

Italian explorer (America), born in Florence

  • 1564 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), born in Esens, Germany (d. 1617)
  • 1568 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and saint, born in Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1591)
  • 1629 Tsar Alexis I of Russia [Aleksey Mikhaylovich], Tsar of Russia (1645-76), born in Moscow (d. 1676)
  • 1720 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)

Comte de MirabeauComte de Mirabeau (1749-1791)

Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France

  • 1753 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1800)
  • 1758 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1763 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1835)
  • 1777 Aleksander Orłowski, Polish painter, cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1832)
  • 1791 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, born in Moryntsi, Ukraine (d. 1861) [NS]
  • 1815 David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Cecil County, Maryland (d. 1886)
  • 1820 Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Auburn, New York (d. 1893)

Leland StanfordLeland Stanford (1824-1893)

American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, born in Watervliet, New York

  • 1825 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, born in Rochensalm, Russian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1833 Frederick A. Schroeder, American tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas (d. 1928)
  • 1865 Margaret Murray Washington, Wife of Booker T. Washington and Lady Principal of Tuskegee, born in Macon, Mississippi (d. 1925)
  • 1877 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Ernest Bevin, British Minister of Labour (1940-45) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1945-51), born in Winsford, Sommerset (d. 1951)
  • 1883 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist, born in Redło, Goleniów County, Poland (d. 1976)

Vyacheslav MolotovVyacheslav Molotov (1890-1986)

Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), born in Kukarka, Russian Empire

José P. LaurelJosé P. Laurel (1891-1959)

3rd President of the Philippines (1942-44), born in Tanauan, Batangas

  • 1892 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox), born in Brighton, East Sussex (d. 1981)
  • 1892 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1892 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), born in Knole House, Kent (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian painter and decorator, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Frank Arnau [Heinrich Schmitt], German crime fiction writer, born in Vienna (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1948)
  • 1902 Edward Durell Stone, American architect (US Embassy, New Delhi), born in Fayetteville, Arkansas (d. 1978)
  • 1902 Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (Casa Luis Barragán, 1980 Pritzker Prize), born in Guadalajara, Mexico (d. 1988)
  • 1904 Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs, born in Elkhart, Indiana (d. 2002)
  • 1905 Félix Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), born in Marchiennes, France (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Peter C. Quennell, English biographer and critic (Byron in Italy), born in Bickley, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Rex Warner, English poet and writer (Wild Goose Chase), born in Birmingham (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Derk Bodde, American sinologist and historian of China, born in Marshfield, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer and poet (Survivor), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1913 Gerarda Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (Partij van de Arbeid), born in Rotterdam (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Dante Fascell, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Bridgehampton, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1918 Mickey Spillane [Frank Morrison Spillane], American mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1923 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • 1923 James L. Buckley, American politician, Senator from New York (1971-77), born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Gerrit A. Kooy, Dutch sociologist (Apartheid & work in South Africa), born in Kedichem, The Netherlands
  • 1928 Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer and engineer, born in North Bay, Ontario (d. 1990)
  • 1929 Hugh Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese politician and President of Guyana (1985-92), born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1929 Marie Cardinal, French writer (La Clé Sur La Porte), born in French Algeria (d. 2001)
  • 1930 Harry Aarts, Dutch politician and 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • 1931 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer, born in Hallstahammar, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Simon Heere Heeresma, Dutch writer and poet (Han de Wit goes in development aid), born in Amsterdam (d. 2011)
  • 1932 Sister Bernard Ncube, South African religious sister and anti-apartheid, born in Johannesburg (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Mel Lastman, Canadian businessman (Bad Boy Furniture) and politician (Mayor of Toronto, 1998-2003; Mayor of North York, 1973-1997), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2021)

Yuri GagarinYuri Gagarin (1934-1968)

Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

  • 1935 Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman (Qualcomm Inc.), born in Bergamo, Italy
  • 1937 Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec (2001-2003), born in Saint-Jacques, Quebec, Canada
  • 1941 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant, conviction on kidnapping, rape, and armed robbery charges, born in Mesa, Arizona (d. 1976)
  • 1941 Ger van Elk, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • 1943 Charles Gibson, American television journalist (Good Morning America), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1945 Dennis Rader, American serial killer who murdered ten people in Sedgwick County, Kansas, born in Pittsburg, Kansas
  • 1946 Gherman Semyonovich Arzamazov, Russian cosmonaut (backup TM-6), born in Shubino, Russia
  • 1947 Keri Hulme, New Zealand novelist, poet and short-story writer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1948 Emma Bonino, Italian politician, Senator for Rome, born in Bra, Italy
  • 1948 Jaime Lyn Bauer, American actress (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1951 Helen Zille, South African politician, born in Johannesburg
  • 1951 Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1954 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died, born in Newtownabbey, Northern Abbey (d. 1981)
  • 1954 Carlos Ghosn, French Brazilian automobile executive (Renault, Nissan, Mitsubishi Motors), born in Porto Velho, Brazil
  • 1956 David Willetts, English Conservative Party politician, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1956 Shashi Tharoor, Indian politician and diplomat (United Nations Under-Secretary General), born in London
  • 1957 Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician, leader of Swedish Social Democratic Party, born in Sollefteå, Västernorrland County, Sweden
  • 1963 David Pogue, American technology columnist and TV science presenter, born in Shaker Heights, Ohio
  • 1964 Herbert Fandel, German football referee, born in Kyllburg, Germany
  • 1966 Michael Patrick MacDonald, Irish-American activist against crime and violence and author (All Souls: A Family Story From Southie), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1966 Tony Lockett, Australian Rules full-forward (highest goalscorer in VFL/AFL history, 1,360 in 281 games; St. Kilda FC, Sydney FC), born in Ballarat, Victoria
  • 1970 Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)
  • 1972 Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster, born in England

Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini (49 years old)

1973 Italian politician and Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (2018-), born in Milan, Italy

  • 1976 Thor Halvorssen, Venezuelan human rights activist, born in Venezuela
  • 1983 Clint Dempsey, American footballer, born in Nacogdoches, Texas