Birthdays in History on May 1

  • May
  • 1218 John I, Count of Hainaut (1246-57), born in Houffalize, Luxembourg (d. 1257)
  • 1218 Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1273-91), born in Limburgh Castle, Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl, Germany (d. 1291)
  • 1238 Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80), born in Tønsberg, Norway (d. 1280)
  • 1285 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, born in Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1545 Franciscus Junius, French-Dutch calvinist theologist and vicar, born in Bourges, France (d. 1602)
  • 1567 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • 1577 François de Kinschot, Dutch jurist and chancellor of Brabant, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1654)
  • 1592 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1594 John Haynes, 5th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born in Essex, England (d. 1653)
  • 1672 Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (co-founder of The Spectator), born in Milston, Wiltshire, England (d. 1719)
  • 1692 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1735 Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen, Dutch naval officer and founder of Dutch Marines Corp, born in Doesburg, Netherlands (d. 1819)

Person of interestKamehameha I

1738 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), born in Kohala, Hawaii (d. 1819)

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1759 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1764 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, American architect (completed U.S. Capitol), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1820)

Person of interestArthur Wellesley

1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1852)

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley

  • 1800 Thomas Aloysius Dornin, American naval officer, born in Ireland (d. 1874)
  • 1804 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, born in Moscow (d. 1860) [NS 13/05]
  • 1807 John B. Magruder, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Port Royal, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • 1818 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1819 William Steele, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1885)
  • 1825 George Inness, American landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1829 José de Alencar, Brazilian writer (O Guarani), born in Fortaleza, Ceará, Empire of Brazil (d. 1877)
  • 1830 Mother [Mary Harris] Jones, American labor organizer (cofounded Industrial Workers of the World), born in Cork City, Ireland (d. 1930)
  • 1830 Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest and poet, born in Brugge, Belgium (d. 1899)
  • 1831 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, born in Norwich Township, Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1903)
  • 1835 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1839 Hilaire de Chardonnet, French industrialist and inventor (rayon), born in Besançon, France (d. 1924)
  • 1845 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • 1850 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1942)
  • 1851 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, born in Šabac, Serbia (d. 1891)
  • 1852 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)

Person of interestCalamity Jane

1852 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane
  • 1855 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1859 Willem Johannes Leyds, Dutch-South Africa lawyer and diplomat (State Secretary of the South African Republic), born in Magelang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • 1872 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician (4th President of Portugal, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal), born in Caminha, Portugal (d. 1918)
  • 1874 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1970)
  • 1880 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Tantum dic verbo) (d. 1940)
  • 1881 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), born in Orcines, Auvergne, France (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1983)
  • 1896 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (Reich Minister for Food and Agriculture), born in Batumi, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1947)

  • 1896 Mark W. Clark, American general, born in Madison Barracks, Sackets Harbor, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1896 J. Lawton Collins, American general, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Eugene R. Black, American President of World Bank (1953-62), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), born in Pescina, Italy (d. 1978)
  • 1901 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet politician (Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union 1980-85), born in Kharkiv, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Paul Desruisseaux, Canadian lawyer and politician (Senator for Wellington, Quebec), born in Sherbrooke, Quebec (d. 1982)
  • 1906 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician, born in Halle an der Saale, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Oliver Hill, American civil rights attorney (Presidential Medal of Freedom 1999), born in Richmond, Virgnia (d. 2007)
  • 1908 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone), born in Roccabianca, Emilia, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)
  • 1909 Ethel Jane Cain, British telephonist and original UK Speaking Clock voice, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander, born in Heidau, Neisse, Province of Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1919 Alwyn Farquharson, Scottish clan-captain/large landowner
  • 1921 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1921 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • 1923 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Terry Southern, writer
  • 1924 Dennis Main-Wilson, British TV and radio producer (Marty, Till Death Us Do Part), born in Dulwich, London (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1927 Lord Bathurst, English earl/large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1928 Raoul Servais, Belgian cartoonist/pres (l'ASIFA)
  • 1928 Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Richard Riordan, mayor of Los Angeles (R, 1993-2001), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Sandy Woodward [John Forster], English admiral (British Naval Task Force, Falklands War), born in Penzance, Cornwall (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Alette Beaujon, Curacaos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
  • 1934 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1940 Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1946 John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1947 Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)
  • 1947 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1947 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1951 Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 Joel Rosenberg, sci-fi author
  • 1957 Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)
  • 1957 Paul D Ronney, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People's Court
  • 1964 Ruth Picardie, journalist
  • 1964 Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of princess Margaret & Lord Snowdon
  • 1968 Denise Masino, American Female Bodybuilder
  • 1969 Wes Anderson, American director and writer