Birthdays in History on May 1

  • 1218 John I, Count of Hainaut (1246-57), born in Houffalize, Luxembourg (d. 1257)
  • 1218 Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1273-91), born in Limburgh Castle, Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl, Germany (d. 1291)
  • 1238 Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80), born in Tønsberg, Norway (d. 1280)
  • 1285 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, born in Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1545 Franciscus Junius, French-Dutch calvinist theologist and vicar, born in Bourges, France (d. 1602)
  • 1567 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • 1577 François de Kinschot, Dutch jurist and chancellor of Brabant, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1654)
  • 1592 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1594 John Haynes, 5th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born in Essex, England (d. 1653)

Joseph AddisonJoseph Addison (1672-1719)

English essayist, playwright (Cato, a Tragedy), poet and Whig politician who co-founded "The Spectator" magazine, born in Milston, Wiltshire, England

  • 1692 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1735 Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen, Dutch naval officer and founder of Dutch Marines Corp, born in Doesburg, Netherlands (d. 1819)

Kamehameha IKamehameha I (1738-1819)

King of Hawaii (1782-1819), born in Kohala, Hawaii

  • 1759 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1764 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, American architect (completed U.S. Capitol), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1820)

Arthur WellesleyArthur Wellesley (1769-1852)

Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1800 Thomas Aloysius Dornin, American naval officer, born in Ireland (d. 1874)
  • 1804 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, born in Moscow (d. 1860) [NS 13/05]
  • 1807 John B. Magruder, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Port Royal, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • 1818 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1819 William Steele, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1885)
  • 1825 George Inness, American landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1829 José de Alencar, Brazilian writer (O Guarani), born in Fortaleza, Ceará, Empire of Brazil (d. 1877)
  • 1830 Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest and poet, born in Brugge, Belgium (d. 1899)
  • 1830 Mother [Mary Harris] Jones, American labor organizer (cofounded Industrial Workers of the World), born in Cork City, Ireland (d. 1930)
  • 1831 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, born in Norwich Township, Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1903)
  • 1835 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1839 Hilaire de Chardonnet, French industrialist and inventor (rayon), born in Besançon, France (d. 1924)
  • 1845 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • 1850 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1942)
  • 1851 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, born in Šabac, Serbia (d. 1891)

Calamity JaneCalamity Jane (1852-1903)

American frontierswoman, born in Princeton, Missouri

  • 1852 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)
  • 1855 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1859 Willem Johannes Leyds, Dutch-South Africa lawyer and diplomat (State Secretary of the South African Republic), born in Magelang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • 1872 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician (4th President of Portugal, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal), born in Caminha, Portugal (d. 1918)
  • 1874 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1970)
  • 1880 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Tantum dic verbo) (d. 1940)
  • 1881 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), born in Orcines, Auvergne, France (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1983)
  • 1896 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (Reich Minister for Food and Agriculture), born in Batumi, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1896 J. Lawton Collins, American general, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1987)
  • 1896 Mark W. Clark, American general, born in Madison Barracks, Sackets Harbor, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Eugene R. Black, American President of World Bank (1953-62), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), born in Pescina, Italy (d. 1978)
  • 1901 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet politician (Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union 1980-85), born in Kharkiv, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Paul Desruisseaux, Canadian lawyer and politician (Senator for Wellington, Quebec), born in Sherbrooke, Quebec (d. 1982)
  • 1906 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician, born in Halle an der Saale, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Oliver Hill, American civil rights attorney (Presidential Medal of Freedom 1999), born in Richmond, Virgnia (d. 2007)
  • 1908 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone), born in Roccabianca, Emilia, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)
  • 1909 Ethel Jane Cain, British telephonist and original UK Speaking Clock voice, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander, born in Heidau, Neisse, Province of Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1921 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • 1923 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Dennis Main-Wilson, British TV and radio producer (Marty, Till Death Us Do Part), born in Dulwich, London (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Terry Southern, writer
  • 1925 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1928 Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Raoul Servais, Belgian cartoonist/pres (l'ASIFA)
  • 1930 Richard Riordan, mayor of Los Angeles (R, 1993-2001), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Sandy Woodward [John Forster], English admiral (British Naval Task Force, Falklands War), born in Penzance, Cornwall (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Alette Beaujon, Curacaos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
  • 1934 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1940 Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1945 John Richard Patterson, English businessman who founded Dateline, born in Hertfordshire, England
  • 1946 John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1947 Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)
  • 1947 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • 1947 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1949 Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1951 Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 Joel Rosenberg, sci-fi author
  • 1957 Dick Swett, American politician and diplomat (Rep-D-New Hampshire 1991-5), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Paul D Ronney, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People's Court
  • 1964 Ruth Picardie, journalist
  • 1964 Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of princess Margaret & Lord Snowdon
  • 1969 Wes Anderson, American director and writer