Birthdays in History on May 1

  • 1218 John I, Count of Hainaut (1246-57), born in Houffalize, Luxembourg (d. 1257)
  • 1218 Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1273-91), born in Limburgh Castle, Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl, Germany (d. 1291)
  • 1238 Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80), born in Tønsberg, Norway (d. 1280)
  • 1285 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, born in Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1545 Franciscus Junius, French-Dutch calvinist theologist and vicar, born in Bourges, France (d. 1602)
  • 1567 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • 1577 François de Kinschot, Dutch jurist and chancellor of Brabant, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1654)
  • 1592 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1594 John Haynes, 5th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born in Essex, England (d. 1653)
  • 1672 Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (co-founder of The Spectator), born in Milston, Wiltshire, England (d. 1719)
  • 1692 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1735 Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen, Dutch naval officer and founder of Dutch Marines Corp, born in Doesburg, Netherlands (d. 1819)

Person of interestKamehameha I

1738 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), born in Kohala, Hawaii (d. 1819)

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1759 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1764 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, American architect (completed U.S. Capitol), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1820)

Person of interestArthur Wellesley

1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1852)

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1800 Thomas Aloysius Dornin, American naval officer, born in Ireland (d. 1874)
  • 1804 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, born in Moscow (d. 1860) [NS 13/05]
  • 1807 John B. Magruder, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Port Royal, Virginia (d. 1871)
  • 1818 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1819 William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1825 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • 1829 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice
  • 1830 Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, US reformer and labor organizer
  • 1831 Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • 1835 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1839 Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
  • 1845 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • 1850 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
  • 1851 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
  • 1852 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)

Person of interestCalamity Jane

1852 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman (Wild Bill Hickok), born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane
  • 1855 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1859 Willem J Leyds, Dutch/South Africa lawyer/politician/diplomat
  • 1872 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • 1874 Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter , born in Rome, Italy
  • 1880 Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
  • 1881 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher/paleontologist
  • 1887 Alan Gordon Cunningham, Irish/British gen/director of Palestine (1945-48)
  • 1889 John Evans, England Test batsman (author 'The Escaping Club'), born in Newtown, Hampshire (d. 1960)
  • 1896 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (d. 1947)
  • 1896 Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
  • 1896 J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Eugene R Black, American President of World Bank (1953-62)
  • 1900 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • 1901 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85)
  • 1905 Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1906 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Jan Pauw, CEO (Aruban Theater Group)
  • 1907 Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney (d. 2007)

  • 1908 Giovanni Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone)
  • 1909 Ethel Jane Cain, British telephonist and original UK Speaking Clock voice, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1919 Alwyn Farquharson, Scottish clan-captain/large landowner
  • 1921 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1921 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • 1923 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Terry Southern, writer
  • 1924 Dennis Main-Wilson, British TV and radio producer (Marty, Till Death Us Do Part), born in Dulwich, London (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1927 Lord Bathurst, English earl/large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1928 Raoul Servais, Belgian cartoonist/pres (l'ASIFA)
  • 1928 Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Richard Riordan, mayor of Los Angeles (R, 1993-2001), born in NYC, New York
  • 1934 Alette Beaujon, Curacaos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
  • 1934 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1940 Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1946 Jerry Weiss, American rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears), born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1947 Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)
  • 1947 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1947 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1951 Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 Joel Rosenberg, sci-fi author
  • 1957 Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)
  • 1957 Paul D Ronney, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People's Court
  • 1964 Ruth Picardie, journalist
  • 1964 Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of princess Margaret & Lord Snowdon
  • 1968 Denise Masino, American Female Bodybuilder
  • 1969 Wes Anderson, American director and writer
  • 1980 Inês Henriques, Portuguese race walker (gold medal 50k walk World Champs 2017), born in Santarém, Portugal