Birthdays in History on May 10

  • 1265 Fushimi, 92nd Emperor of Japan (1265-98) who abdicated, retired to a monastery and became a Cloistered Emperor, (d. 1317)
  • 1536 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English nobleman and Earl Marshal who participated in the Ridolfi plot and executed (d. 1572)
  • 1604 Jean Mairet, French dramatist famous for tragedies (Sophonisbe) and comedies, born in Besançon, France (d. 1686)
  • 1724 Johan Zoutman, Dutch rear admiral who fought at the Battle of Dogger Bank and in the American Revolutionary War, born in Reeuwijk, Dutch Republic (d. 1793)
  • 1727 Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, French economist and statesman (First Minister of State 1774-76), born in Paris, France (d. 1781)
  • 1730 George Ross, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence)
  • 1746 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1754 Asmus Jakob Carstens, painter
  • 1755 Robert Gray, American sea captain and explorer who pioneered the maritime fur trade along the northern Pacific coast of North America, born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, British America (d. 1806)
  • 1760 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), born in Basel (d. 1826)
  • 1769 Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France
  • 1770 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)
  • 1788 Augustin Fresnel, French civil engineer & physicist, born in Broglie, France (d. 1827)
  • 1788 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist
  • 1788 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1795 Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry, historian
  • 1810 James Shields, Irish-American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Altmore, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 1879)
  • 1813 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), born in Franklin County, Kentucky (d. 1883)
  • 1822 August Ritter von Pettenkofen, painter
  • 1823 John Sherman, MC (Union), (d. 1900)
  • 1824 Charles Henry Van Wyck, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1830 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • 1837 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • 1838 James, 1st Viscount Bryce, historian/statesman
  • 1840 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian military leader and revolutionary who fought against Ottoman rule, born in İslimiye, Adrianople Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1868)
  • 1841 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (thought to have inspired the phrase "Gordon Bennett"), born in New York City (d. 1918)
  • 1843 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), born in Las Palmas, Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1843 Kaufmann Kohler, German-born American reform rabbi and theologian, born in Fürth (d. 1926)
  • 1847 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1857 Hendrik Zwaardemaker, Dutch physiologist (olfactometer)
  • 1866 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • 1872 Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • 1873 Carl Eldh, Swedish artist and sculptor, born in Östhammar Municipality, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Jan Kalf, Dutch art historian and literary scholar (Monument Conservation), (d. 1954)
  • 1874 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • 1876 Ivan Cankar, Slovene author, poet, novelist and playwright (Erotika, The Bailiff Yerney and His Rights), born in Vrhnika, Carniola, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)

Gustav StresemannGustav Stresemann (1878-1929)

German chancellor (1923) who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926, born in Berlin, Germany

  • 1879 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1885 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • 1886 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • 1887 (Jacobus) "J.C." Bloem, Dutch poet (Sintels - Embers), born in 1887, Oudshoorn, South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1966)

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl (1890-1946)

German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), born in Würzburg, German Empire

  • 1897 Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Ewart Maurice Levy, 2nd Baronet
  • 1898 Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)
  • 1900 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979) [1]
  • 1901 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • 1902 David O Selznick, American Academy Award-winning producer (Gone With The Wind; Rebecca), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Joachim Prinz, German-American Zionist leader, author and Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), born in Bierdzany, Prussia (d. 1988)
  • 1903 Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
  • 1904 David Brown, CEO (Aston Martin Lagonda)
  • 1905 Angus Paton, civil engineer
  • 1908 Carl Albert,, American politician, US speaker of the House (1971-77), (Rep-D-OK 1947-77), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 2000)
  • 1908 Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP
  • 1909 Harold Collison, British trade unionist (agriculture workers), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Margot Turner, matron-in-chief (Army Nursing Service)
  • 1911 Alexander Goode, American US Navy chaplain and rabbi (The Four Chaplains), born in Brooklyn, NYC (d. 1943) [1]
  • 1911 Bel Kaufman, American author (Up the Down Staircase), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1912 Edward Gardner, British barrister and Conservative Party politician (British Nationality Act 1981), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Denis Thatcher, husband of British PM Margaret (1979-90), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • 1915 John Egerton, 6th Duke of Sutherland, British peer
  • 1915 Monica Dickens, British author and founder of the Samaritians in the US, born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1918 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, born in Wawaset Park, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1919 Ella Grasso, (Gov-D-Ct)
  • 1919 Louis Sen A Kaw, Surinam dam builder
  • 1920 Basil Kelly, Lord Justice of Appeals (Northern Ireland)
  • 1922 David Orr, deputy chairman (Inchcape)/CEO (British Council, Unilever)
  • 1923 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1923 John Dugdal, Lord-Lt (Salop)
  • 1925 Edward Fursdon, British Maj-Gen (defense council)
  • 1926 Duncan Watson, president (World Blind Union)
  • 1926 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Nayantara Sahgal, Indian author
  • 1928 Arnold Rüütel, Estonian president
  • 1929 Brian Corby, CEO (Prudential)
  • 1929 Robin Hill, 8th Marquess of Downshire, Irish peer and the Hereditary Constable of Hillsborough Fort
  • 1930 June Knox-Mawer, British radio host/novelist (World of Islands)
  • 1930 Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Lord Michael Mustill, of Pateley Bridge, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1932 Ian Leslie, 21st Earl of Rothes, Scottish nobleman
  • 1933 Barbara Taylor Bradford, author
  • 1934 William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire
  • 1936 Anthony Mullens, British Lt-Gen (Deputy chief of defense)
  • 1936 Jayne Cortez, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, poet (I see Chano Pozo), (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Michael Stone, English broker/multi-millionaire (Man Group)
  • 1936 Trevor Clay, Gen-Sec (Royal College of Nursing)

Arthur KopitArthur Kopit (1937-2021)

American playwright ('Wings', 'Nine'), born in NYC, New York

  • 1940 Bill Cash, British politician (C), born in London
  • 1940 Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general
  • 1940 Wayne Dyer, American psychologist and author (Your Erroneous Zones; Universe Within You), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Win Bischoff, CEO (Schroders)
  • 1942 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • 1943 James Earl Chaney, US civil rights activist
  • 1943 Richard Darman, American economist and civil servant, boern in Charlotte North Carolina (d. 2008)
  • 1944 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • 1945 John Laws, Lord Justice of Appeal (1999- )
  • 1945 Shirley Franklin, American politician and 58th Mayor of Atlanta (2002-10), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Caroline Cooney, American author
  • 1947 Paul Nicholas Young, architect
  • 1947 Thomas Tessier, American author
  • 1948 Christopher Gent, CEO (Vodafone Group)
  • 1949 Michael Larson, American "Press Your Luck" scandal big-winning contestant, born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1999)
  • 1949 Miuccia Prada, Italian fashion designer (Prada), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1950 Sally James [Cann], British children's TV-show presenter (Tiswas), born in Chiswick, London
  • 1951 Steve Gunderson, American politician (Rep-R-WI, 1981-97), born in Eau Claire, Wisconsin
  • 1953 John Diamond, English journalist, born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • 1955 Mark David Chapman, American assassin (John Lennon), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1956 Vladislav Listyev, Russian television anchor and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1958 Ellen Ochoa, PhD/Astronaut (STS 56, 66), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1958 Rick Santorum, American politician (Rep-R-Penn 1995-2007), born in Winchester, Virginia
  • 1958 Yu Suzuki, Japanese creator of Virtua Fighter series
  • 1959 Cindy Hyde-Smith, American politician (Senator-R-Mississippi 2018-), born in Brookhaven, Mississippi
  • 1963 Lisa M Nowak, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1967 Jon Ronson, British journalist and author
  • 1967 Scott Brison, Canadian politician
  • 1969 John Scalzi, American writer
  • 1976 Rob Malda, American internet writer and editor who co-founded Slashdot, born in Holland, Michigan
  • 1982 Daniel Harris, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Jeremy Gable, American playwright
  • 1983 Gustav Fridolin, Swedish politician
  • 1983 Natalia Zabala, Miss Spain 2007
  • 1991 Emily McEnroe, daughter of Tatum O'Neal & John McEnroe
  • 2004 The Gosselin Sextuplets