Birthdays in History on May 11

  • 1568 Christian I, German Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg who led an army of 21,000 Bohemians at the Battle of White Mountain, born in Bernburg (d. 1630)
  • 1571 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord, (d. 1637)
  • 1654 Cornelis van Alkemade, Dutch historian, author and collector of antiquities, (d. 1737)
  • 1720 Baron Münchhausen, German adventurer, soldier and storyteller (The Adventures of Baron Munchausen), born in Hanover (d. 1797)
  • 1722 Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist and anthropologist who studied comparative anatomy, paleontology and the facial angle, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1789)
  • 1733 Victoire of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1799)
  • 1752 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • 1763 János Batsányi, Hungarian poet (d. 1845)
  • 1799 John Lowell, American philanthropist, born in Massachusetts (d. 1836)
  • 1801 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • 1811 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • 1821 [Carlos] Charles John Stolbrand, Swedish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Skåne, Sweden (d. 1894)
  • 1823 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1824 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1827 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)
  • 1830 John Converse Starkweather, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1838 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • 1852 Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States (Republican: 1905-09) and Senator, born in Unionville Center, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1854 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American inventor who invented the linotype machine that revolutionized printing, born in Hachtel, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1899)
  • 1858 Carl Hauptmann, German writer, born in Obersalzbrunn (d. 1921)
  • 1861 Frederick Russell Burnham, American scout and adventurer whose friendship with Baden-Powell inspired the founding of the international scouting movement, born in Tivoli, a Dakota Sioux Indian reservation in modern-day Minnesota, (d. 1947)
  • 1871 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)

Harriet QuimbyHarriet Quimby (1875-1912)

American pioneering aviator, 1st woman in the US to receive a pilot certificate and to cross the English Channel, born in Arcadia, Michigan [1]

  • 1878 Jan Machiel Reyskens, oldest male resident of the Netherlands, (d. 1990 aged 111)
  • 1881 Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian physicist (d. 1963)
  • 1888 P A J Losecaat Vermeer, leader of Dutch High Council
  • 1891 Henry Morgenthau Jr., US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45) who helped design the New Deal and Lend Lease programs, born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1894 Anton A Mussert, Dutch nazi leader (NSB)
  • 1894 Martha Graham, American choreographer (Appalachian Spring), Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • 1895 Jan Parandowski, Polish writer and translator, born in Lwów, Austria-Hungary (now Lviv, Ukraine) (d. 19780
  • 1896 Philippo de Pisis, Italian painter
  • 1897 Izak W van der Merwe [Boerneef], South African writer (Tweetalige Woordeboek)
  • 1897 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1901 Mari Sandoz, Nebraska, author (Cheyenne Autumn)
  • 1902 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Unen Kaivo)
  • 1904 Guus Weitzel, Dutch radio-announcer

Salvador DaliSalvador Dali (1904-1989)

Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), born in Figueres, Spain

  • 1905 Marjorie Sykes, British educator, peace activist, and Indian independence campaigner, born in Mexborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Jacqueline Cochran, US pilot and 1st woman to break the sound barrier, born in Muscogee, Florida (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Rose Ausländer, German poet (d. 1988)
  • 1909 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Edgar Beck, president (John Mowlem)
  • 1911 Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Roy James Alfred Kaulback, soldier
  • 1913 Robert Jungk, Austrian publicist (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Haroun Tazieff, French volcanologist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 Camilo Jose Cela, Spanish writer (Nobel Prize 1989), born in Padrón, La Coruña (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Hon Montague Woodhouse, Greek resistance organiser
  • 1918 Richard Feynman, American theoretical physicist, born in Queens, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1921 Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Ian Percival, British politician (C) and Solicitor General (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1923 Gordon White, British business tycoon and co-founder of corporate raider Hanson Group, born in Hull, England (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Joan Moriarty, Brigadier matron-in-chief/dir (Army Nursing Services)
  • 1924 Antony Hewish, radio astronomer
  • 1924 Eugene Dynkin, Russian mathematician
  • 1925 Edward J. King, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Rhodes Boyson, British politician and author (Black Papers), born in Haslingden, Lancashire (d. 2012)
  • 1925 William Glasser, psychiatrist (reality therapy, choice theory), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Ernest Harrison, CEO (Racal Electronics)
  • 1927 Anthony Hollis, British High Court Judge, (d. 2003)
  • 1927 Gene Savoy, American author, explorer, scholar and cleric (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Zilpha Keatly Snyder, American sci-fi author (Headless Cupid)
  • 1928 Brother Andrew, Dutch missionary
  • 1928 Yaacov Agam, Israeli sculptor
  • 1929 Edward Anson, British vice-admiral
  • 1930 Bud Ekins, American stuntman (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Edward Kamau Brathwaite, Caribbean poet (Born to Slow Horses) and academic, born in Bridgetown, Barbados (d. 2020)
  • 1930 M J Hamlin, Principal/Vice-Chancellor (Dundee University)
  • 1930 Stanley L Elkin, American writer/professor (Living End), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 William Carey, American businessman and philanthropist (W.P. Carey & Co. LLC), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Stephen Smalley, rev/dean (Chester)
  • 1932 Henriette Santer, Dutch-English clinical psychologist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Valentino [Garavani], Italian fashion designer and founder of the Valentino company, born in Milan, Italy

Louis FarrakhanLouis Farrakhan (89 years old)

1933 American religious leader (Nation of Islam, Million Man March), born in New York City

  • 1934 Jim. Jeffords, American politician (Senator-R+I-Vermont 1989-2007, Rep-R-VT, 1975-89), born in Rutland, Vermont (d. 2014)
  • 1935 Francisco Umbral, Spanish novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1936 Ulrich Berkes, German writer, born in Salle
  • 1938 Carla Bley [Carla Borg], American musician (Escalator Over the Hill), born in Oakland, California
  • 1942 Rachel Billington, British author (A Woman's Age, Bodily Harm), born in Oxford, England
  • 1946 Robert Jarvik, American scientist and researcher (developed the Jarvik-7 artificial heart), born in Midland, Michigan
  • 1948 Nirj Deva, Sri Lankan-British politician
  • 1950 John Kelly, American General, President Trump's Chief of Staff (2017-), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1955 John DeStefano, Jr., American politician
  • 1956 Theresa Burke, Canadian journalist
  • 1957 Luca Urbani, MD/astronaut (STS 78-alt), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1963 Gunilla Carlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1978 Richard Spencer, American white supremacist, born in Boston, Massachusetts