Birthdays in History on May 18

  • 1048 Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician (cubic equations), astronomer (Jalali calendar, basis of the Persian calendar), poet (quatrains) and philosopher, born in Nishapur, Khorasan (now Iran) (d. 1131)
  • 1186 Konstantin Vsevolodovich, Prince of Novgorod, born in Rostov, Russia (d. 1218)
  • 1610 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • 1662 George Smalridge, English bishop of Bristol (d. 1719)
  • 1692 Joseph Butler, English theologian and bishop, born in Wantage, England (d. 1752)
  • 1711 Roger Boscovich [Ruđer Bošković], Croatian-Italian astronomer. physicist, poet, and priest, born in Ragusa (Dubrovnik), Republic of Ragusa (now Croatia) (d. 1787)
  • 1742 Lionel Lukin, British life boat pioneer, born in Great Dunmow, Essex (d. 1834)
  • 1778 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
  • 1785 John Wilson, Scottish writer and literary critic, born in Paisley, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • 1788 Hugh Clapperton, Scottish explorer of Africa, born in Annan, Scotland (d. 1827)
  • 1792 Margaret Ann Neve, British 1st recorded female Supercentenarian, who lived in three centuries, born in St. Peter Port, Guernsey (d. 1903)
  • 1797 Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony (1836-54)
  • 1798 Ethan Allen Hitchcock, American Major General (Union Army), born in Vergennes, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • 1815 Thomas Stanhope Bocock, American politician (Speaker in Confederates House of Represetnatives), born in Buckingham County, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • 1817 James William Denver, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1892)
  • 1850 Oliver Heaviside, English physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England (d. 1925)
  • 1851 James Budd, American politician, Governor of California (1895-99), born in Janesville, Wisconsin (d. 1908)
  • 1852 Gertrude Käsebier, American pioneering photographer, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1862 Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German psychologist who studied the paranormal (d. 1929)
  • 1863 William Heinemann, English publisher (Heinnemann), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1920)
  • 1864 Jan P. Veth, Bayern, Dutch painter, etcher, lithographer and art historian

Nicholas IINicholas II (1868-1918)

last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia

  • 1869 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria and WWI Commander of the 6th army, last heir to the Bavarian throne, born in Munich (d. 1955)
  • 1871 Franiska [Franny] zu Reventlow, German writer and feminist, born in Husum, Germany (d. 1918)

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell (1872-1970)

English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), born in Trellech, England

  • 1883 Walter Gropius, German architect (founder of the Bauhaus school), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1885 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian leader, President of Brazil (1945-50), born in Cuiabá, Brazil (d. 1974)
  • 1887 Ernst Wiechert, German writer (The Simple Life), born in Kleinort, East Prussia (d. 1950)
  • 1889 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born in Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • 1889 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (leaded gasoline), born in Beaver Fall, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • 1891 Rudolf Carnap, German American philosopher (German Logical Positivist), born in Ronsdorf, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1895 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot and revolutionary, born in Niquinohomo, Nicaragua (d. 1934)
  • 1898 Juan José Domenchina, Spanish poet and interpreter (sombra desterrada), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Sarah Miriam Peale, American portrait painter (General Lafayette, 1825), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1901 Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist (1955 Nobel Prize for Chemisty for work on cyclic peptide oxytocin), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Jacob K. Javits, American politician (Sen-R-NY), born in NYC, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1907 Carl Mydans, American photojournalist (Life Magazine), born in Medford, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1907 Robley Evans, American nuclear physicist, born in University Place, Nebraska (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch art historian, and museum director (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, 1959-75) born Ede, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1911 Michael Berry, Baron Hartwell, British newspaper proprietor and journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1912 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer
  • 1914 Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer, born in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, France (d. 1982)
  • 1915 Leon Shenandoah, native American leader (Iroquois Confederacy) (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Charles Wintour, English journalist (The Evening Standard), born in Dorset, England (d. 1999)

John Paul IIJohn Paul II (1920-2005)

264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005), born in Wadowice, Poland

  • 1921 Anthony Epstein, English pathologist and virologist (Epstein–Barr virus)
  • 1922 Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (d. 2005)
  • 1922 GMcC Kitson, British principal (Central School of Speech/Drama)
  • 1924 Maya Kopitseva, Russian painter of the Leningrad school, born in Gagry, USSR (d. 2005)
  • 1927 Richard Body, British politician (C), born in Eton, Buckinghamshire
  • 1928 Peter Hammersley, British Rear-Admiral who served on submarines, born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 2020)
  • 1929 John Nicolaas Block, Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair, Transavia, Air Holland), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1929 Norman St John-Stevas, Baron St John of Fawsley, British MP (C) (1964-1987), born in London
  • 1930 Barbara Goldsmith, American author (Little Gloria Happy At Last), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Don Leslie Lind, American USN Commander, and pilot, and NASA astronaut (STS-51-B), born in Midvale, Utah
  • 1930 Fred[erick Thomas] Saberhagen, American sci-fi author (Book of Swords)
  • 1930 Warren Rudman, American politician (Sen-R-NH, 1980-93), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Don Martin, American cartoonist "Mad's Maddest Artist", born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Bernadette Chirac, French politician and wife of President Jacques Chirac, born in Paris, France
  • 1933 H. D. [Haradanahalli Doddegowda] Deve Gowda, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1996-97), born in Haradanahalli, Kingdom of Mysore
  • 1936 Olzhas Suleimenov, Kazakh poet, writer and anti-nuclear activist (Nevada-Semipalatinsk), born in Alma-Ata, Kazakh ASSR, Soviet Union [1]
  • 1937 Jacques Santer, Luxembourg politician (President of the European Commission 1995-99), born in Wasserbillig, Lexembourg
  • 1938 Janet Fish, American realist artist, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1939 Giovanni Falcone, Italian magistrate, born in La Kalsa, Palermo, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1939 Gordon O'Connor, Canadian politician, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1939 Patrick Cormack, British politician (C), born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire
  • 1940 Marshall Stoneham, British physicist, born inn Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 2011)
  • 1941 Malcolm Longair, British physicist (Jacksonian chair at Cavendish Laboratory), born in Dundee, Scotland
  • 1942 Keith Hellawell, English Chief Constable (West Yorkshire) and government 'drugs czar', born in Kirkburton, England
  • 1942 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist
  • 1944 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • 1944 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (Austerlitz), born in Wertach, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1945 Maarten van Traa, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1946 Frank Hsieh, Taiwanese politician, Premier of Taiwan (2005-6), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1947 John Bruton, Irish politician, Prime Minister of the Republic of Ireland (1994-97), born in, Dunboyle, Ireland
  • 1949 Stuart Gannes, American writer (Fortune), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1952 Diane Duane, American sci-fi author (Door into Fire), born in New York City
  • 1952 Jeana Yeager, American aviator (1st non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1952 Martin Hoke, American politician (Rep-R-Ohio), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • 1953 Helen Chadwick, English artist, born in Croydon, England (d. 1996)
  • 1969 Layne Flack, American poker player (6 x World Series of Poker bracelets), born in Rapid City, South Dakota (d. 2021)
  • 1979 (Jens} "Jeb" Bergensten, Swedish video game designer (Minecraft), born in Orebro, Sweden