On This Day

Birthdays in History on May 19

  • 1469 Giovanni della Robbia, Italian Renaissance sculptor (d. 1529)
  • 1474 Isabella d'Este, Marquise of Mantua, born in Ferrara, Duchy of Ferrara (d. 1539)
  • 1700 José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
  • 1724 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (d. 1779)
  • 1744 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)
  • 1762 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), born in Rammenau, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1814)
  • 1771 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1833)
  • 1773 Arthur Aikin, English mineralogist (d. 1854)
  • 1795 Johns Hopkins, philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
  • 1797 Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
  • 1808 Samuel Jameson Gholson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Felix Kirk Zollicoffer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1815 John Gross Barnard, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sheffield, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1827 Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1828 Adin Ballou Underwood, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Worcester County Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1857 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), born in Cleveland, Ohio

  • 1858 Roland Napoléon Bonaparte, French prince and president of the Société de Géographie, born in Paris, France (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Victor E Orlando, Italy's premier (1917-19)
  • 1862 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • 1864 Carl Akeley, American taxidermist and naturalist who developed the animal mount process and other techniques for museums, born in Clarendon, New York (d. 1926)
  • 1868 John Fillmore Hayford, American Geodesist who established the theory of isostasy and founded the modern science of geodesy (precise measurements of the shape of the earth), born in Rouses Point, New York
  • 1869 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
  • 1869 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1870 Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
  • 1870 Nishida Kitarō, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), born in Unoke, Japan (d. 1945)
  • 1871 Reginald Aldworth Daly, Napanee Ontario, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping
  • 1876 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)

Person of interestNancy Astor

1879 Nancy Astor, American born British politician, 1st female MP in UK House of Commons, born in Danville, Virginia (d. 1964)

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor
  • 1880 Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)

Person of interestMustafa Kemal Atatürk

1881 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1938) real date unknown this adopted to align with Turkish Independence Day

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1882 Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
  • 1883 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)

Person of interestHo Chi Minh

1890 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina (d. 1969)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1891 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
  • 1892 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]
  • 1896 Michael Balcon, producer/father of Jill Balcon, born in Birmingham, England

  • 1897 Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1898 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1909 Nicholas Winton, English Humanitarian ('British Schindler' - saved 600 children from Nazis), born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1913 Sanjiva Reddy, Indian politician, sixth President of India (1977-82), born in Illur, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Bert Hardy, English photographer (Picture Post), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • 1914 Go Seigen [Wu Qingyuan], Chinese-born Japanese Go master considered the greatest Go player in the 20th century, born in Minhou County, Fujian, Republic of China (d. 2014)
  • 1918 Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
  • 1919 Mitja Ribičič, Trieste, Italian Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1969-71), (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Tina Strobos, Netherlands, physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Charles van de Reve, slavic (Belief of Kameraden)
  • 1921 Karel van het Reve, Dutch Slavist (Comrade's Religion)
  • 1921 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2008)

Person of interestMalcolm X

1925 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Person of interestPol Pot

1925 Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (1976-79) and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge (1963-97), born in Prek Sbauv, Kampong Thom, Cambodia (d. 1998)

Dictator and Revolutionary Pol Pot
Dictator and Revolutionary
Pol Pot
  • 1926 Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author
  • 1928 Colin Chapman, English automotive engineer and founder of Lotus Cars, born in Richmond (d. 1982)
  • 1929 Harvey Cox, US theologist (Secular City)
  • 1929 John Stroger Chicago politician
  • 1930 Lorraine Hansberry, playwright (Raisin in the Sun)

  • 1932 Paul Erdman, American economist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1934 James Charles Lehrer, news anchor (McNeil-Lehrer Report), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1934 Ruskin Bond, Indian author
  • 1935 Fritz Rudolf Fries, German writer, born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1935 Esmond Bulmer, English cider brewer, and Conservative Lower house leader
  • 1937 Sanne Sannes, Dutch photographer
  • 1938 James Bilbray, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-Nevada 1987-95), born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1938 Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, born in Fahinihan, East Timor (d. 1989)
  • 1939 Dick Scobee, American pilot and astronaut (STS 41C, killed commanding Space Shuttle Challenger), born in Cle Elum, Washington (d. 1986)
  • 1940 Frank Lorenzo, airline executive (Continental, Texas Air, Eastern)
  • 1941 Jane Brody, writer/nutritionist
  • 1941 Jimmy Hoffa Jr, son of Jimmy Hoffa/Teamster union leader

Person of interestGary Kildall

1942 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

Computer Scientist Gary Kildall
Computer Scientist
Gary Kildall
  • 1942 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • 1946 Claude Lelièvre, Belgian commissioner for children's rights
  • 1948 Jean-Pierre Haignere, French cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17)
  • 1949 Ashraf Ghani, Afghan anthropologist, economist, and politician (President of Afghanistan, 2014-present), born in Logar, Afghanistan
  • 1953 Henry Lascelles, English grandson of princess Mary
  • 1953 Dawud M. Mu'Min, American convicted murderer (d. 1997)
  • 1955 Pierre J Thuot, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 36, 49, 62), born in Groton, Connecticut
  • 1956 Althea Gwyn, WBL center (NY Stars)
  • 1959 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson who was later murdered, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1961 Lisa Rathgber Wagner, bowler (3-time LPBT Player of Year, Bowler of Decade), born in Hillsboro Illinois
  • 1967 Massimo Taccon, Italian painter and sculptor