Birthdays in History on May 20

  • 1315 Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (d. 1349)
  • 1364 Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur], English knight, soldier and politician (d. 1403)
  • 1470 Pietro Bembo, cardinal/theologian
  • 1537 Hieronymus Fabricius Ab Aquapende Italian physician (De Formato Foetu), born in Aquapende, Italy (d. 1619)
  • 1593 Jacob Jordaens, Flemish baroque artist
  • 1593 Salomo Glassius, German theologian (d. 1656)
  • 1660 Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor (d. 1714)
  • 1663 William Bradford, English-born colonial printer (Pennsylvania's first printing press), born in Leicestershire, England (d. 1752)
  • 1706 Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)
  • 1719 Roger Newdigate, British politician (sat in the House of Commons 1742-80), born in Arbury, Warwickshire (d. 1806)
  • 1726 Francis Cotes, English painter (d. 1770)

Toussaint LouvertureToussaint Louverture (1743-1803)

Haitian general, revolutionary and most famous of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, born in Cap-Français, French colony of Saint-Domingue

  • 1750 Stephen Girard, bailed out US bonds during War of 1812
  • 1759 William Thornton, British-American architect (Capitol Building in Washington, D.C), born in Jost Van Dyke, British Virgin Islands (d. 1828)
  • 1764 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/lithographer
  • 1768 Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison, 1st lady (1809-17)
  • 1769 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1835)
  • 1772 William Congreve, English artillery officer and inventor who designed fire rockets, born in London (d. 1829)
  • 1799 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1850)

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London

  • 1818 William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)
  • 1822 Emile Erckmann [E-Chatrian], French writer (Waterloo)
  • 1822 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901)
  • 1825 Antoinette Brown Blackwell, clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
  • 1828 James William Reilly, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1905)
  • 1830 Amalia MdGA, princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach/wife of prince Henry
  • 1830 Hector H Malot, French writer (Without Family)
  • 1838 Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925)
  • 1841 Sara Louisa Oberholtz, social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • 1851 Emile Berliner, German inventor (flat phonograph record)
  • 1851 Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, American nun/daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 1856 Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter
  • 1860 Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1874 Folkert E Posthuma, Dutch minister of Agriculture/Industry
  • 1881 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), born in Tuszów Narodowy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1882 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)
  • 1883 Faisal I of Iraq, King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920–1933) & King of Iraq (1921–1933), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 1933)
  • 1883 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1889 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • 1889 William Lawther, union leader
  • 1894 Adela Rogers St John, journalist/author (Foreign Correspondent)
  • 1894 Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
  • 1895 Reginald J "R" Mitchell, English aviation manufacturer (Spitfire)
  • 1897 Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
  • 1899 Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (d. 1969)
  • 1899 John M Harlan, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1900 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1902 Hans Sahl, German American anti-Nazi Jewish writer, born in Dresden (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Sailing)
  • 1905 Harry Campion, statistician/founder (British Central Statistical Office)
  • 1906 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Edward Moss Hutchinson, educationalist
  • 1911 Annie M G Schmidt, writer (Fam Doorsnee, Jip & Janneke)
  • 1911 Gardner Fox, American sci-fi author (Atom, Hawkman, Zatanna), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1912 Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • 1913 Henry Cadbury Brown, architect

Bill HewlettBill Hewlett (1913-2001)

American engineer and businessman (co-founder Hewlett-Packard), born in Ann Arbor, Michigan

  • 1914 Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party), born in Bobota, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1995)

Moshe DayanMoshe Dayan (1915-1981)

Israeli Military Leader and politician (Minister of Defense 1967-74), born in Degania Alef, Ottoman Empire

  • 1916 Alexei Petrovich Maresiev, Russian flying ace (d. 2001)
  • 1916 John McIntyre, theologian
  • 1916 Owen Chadwick, English historian, priest and university chancellor, born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • 1917 Bergur Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic politician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge, born in Montréal, Quebec (d. 1967)
  • 1917 Richard Cobb, British historian, born in Frinton-on-Sea (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1920 John Cruickshank, banker
  • 1920 William Simpson, British trade union leader
  • 1921 John Harrison, British vice admiral/surgeon
  • 1921 John Marchi, US Senator (Rep-R-NY 1957-2006), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1921 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1947)
  • 1922 Clifford Butler, vice chancellor (Loughborough Univ of Technology)
  • 1923 Hugh Beach, British General
  • 1923 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), born in San Fernando (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Peter Shore, MP (Labour)
  • 1925 D. French Slaughter Jr, American politician (Rep-R-VA, 1985-91), born in Culpeper, Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1926 John Lucarotti, scriptwriter
  • 1927 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), born in Krakow (d. 2016)
  • 1928 David Berriman, CEO (Rose Thomson Young group of Lloyds Trustees)
  • 1929 Andre Carolus Cirino, Suriname/Indian poet
  • 1930 Robert Bunyard, Commandant (British Police Staff College)

José MujicaJosé Mujica (87 years old)

1935 40th President of Uruguay (2010-2015), champion of the poor and former urban guerrilla with the Tupamaros, born in Montevideo, Uruguay

  • 1938 Alan Smithers, British professor
  • 1940 Sadaharu Oh, of Yomiuri Giants (Japan), hit 868 career HR
  • 1941 Goh Chok Sole, premier of Singapore (1990- )
  • 1942 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • 1942 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • 1943 Iain Vallance [Baron Vallance of Tummel], CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1943 Justin Cartwright, British novelist (In Every Face I Meet), born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), born in Hereford (d. 2015)
  • 1944 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia

Dietrich MateschitzDietrich Mateschitz (1944-2022)

Austrian businessman (founder, owner Red Bull Racing; FC Red Bull Salzburg, RB Leipzig; co-creator Red Bull energy drink), born in Sankt Marein im Mürztal, Austria

  • 1945 Anton Zeilinger, Austrian physicist (2022 Nobel Prize for experiments with entangled photons), born in Innkreis, Austria [1]
  • 1945 Harold Ford Sr., American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1975-97), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1945 Lord Hollick, CEO (MAI)
  • 1945 Nikolai Nikolayevich Fefelov, Russian colonel and cosmonaut
  • 1945 Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
  • 1945 Wally Herger, American politician (Rep-R-California 1987-2013), born in Yuba City, California
  • 1948 John Amiel, director (Queen of Hearts, Tune in Tomorrow)
  • 1948 John R. McKernan Jr., American politician (Rep-R-ME, 1983-86, Governor of Maine 1987-95), born in Bangor, Maine
  • 1948 Samuel Gejdenson, American politician (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1981-2001), born in Eschwege, Allied-occupied Germany
  • 1949 Nick Rahall II, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1977-2015), born in Beckley, West Virginia
  • 1951 Mike Crapo, American politician (Senator-R-Idaho 1999-, Rep-R-Idaho 1993-99), born in Idaho Falls, Idaho
  • 1951 Thomas D Akers, American former astronaut (STS 41, 49, 61, 79), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1953 Robert Doyle, Australian politician
  • 1954 Cindy Hensley McCain, American businesswoman, wife of politician John McCain, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1954 David Paterson, American politician
  • 1954 Galina Vasilyevna Amelkina, Russian doctor/cosmonaut
  • 1955 Nigel Griffiths, MP (Labour)
  • 1956 Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian author (Elling tetralogy; Brødre i blodet), born in Tønsberg, Norway
  • 1956 John Carney, American politician, Governor of Delaware (2017-), born in Willington, Delaware
  • 1956 William Michaelian, American novelist and poet
  • 1959 Peter Greene, American producer (After Midnight), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1962 Lydia Cheng, American Ms Big Apple bodybuilder (1982) (Pumping Iron 2), born in NYC, New York
  • 1964 Earl Charles Spencer, English peer, brother of Diana, Princess of Wales, born in London, England
  • 1964 Joseph Sinnott Edwards, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1964 Paul W Richards, astronaut, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist
  • 2010 Lady Cosima Windsor, daughter of Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster
  • 2011 Doug the Pug, American internet celebrity dog, born in Ohio