Birthdays in History on May 21

Aurelia CottaAurelia Cotta (120-54 BC)

Mother of Julius Caesar, born in Rome

  • 1471 Albrecht Dürer, German Renaissance painter and printmaker (Adam and Eve), born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1528)

Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain (1527-1598)

King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), born in Valladolid, Spain

  • 1653 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)

Alexander PopeAlexander Pope (1688-1744)

English poet (The Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer), born in London

  • 1755 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)
  • 1763 Joseph Fouché, French statesman (d. 1820)
  • 1775 Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino and Musignano

Elizabeth FryElizabeth Fry (1780-1845)

English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, born in Norwich, England

  • 1792 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (Coriolis effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1843)
  • 1796 Reverdy Johnson, American politician and jurist (Dred Scott v. Sandford), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1876)
  • 1799 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis), born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1847)
  • 1821 John F. Loudon, Dutch sugar and indigo manufacturer, whose Deft collection was left to the Rijksmuseum, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1895)
  • 1822 Dabney Herndon Maury, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1900)
  • 1822 Mosby Monroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • 1825 George Lafayette Beal, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norway, Maine (d. 1896)
  • 1826 Danillo II, ruler of Montenegro (1851-60), born in Njeguši, Montenegro (d. 1860)
  • 1827 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1907)
  • 1827 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
  • 1832 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (d. 1917)
  • 1835 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
  • 1835 Newton Martin Curtis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in De Peyster, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1843 Charles-Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, born in Tramelan, Switzerland (d. 1914)
  • 1843 Louis Renault, French lawyer, born in Autun, France (d. 1918)
  • 1844 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter (The Dream, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope), born in Laval, France (d. 1910)
  • 1850 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • 1851 Léon Bourgeois, French politician, French Prime Minister (1895-96, Nobel 1920), born in Paris, France (d. 1925)
  • 1853 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1855 Emile Verhaeren, Belgian poet and writer (Les Flammes Hautes), born in Sint-Amands, Belgium (d. 1916)
  • 1858 José Batlle y Ordóñez, President of Uruguay (1899, 1903-7, 1911-15), born in Montevideo, Urguay (d. 1929)
  • 1860 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist and inventor of the electrocardiodiogram (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), born in Semarang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
  • 1872 Henry Warren, American inventor (Telechon electric clock), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1873 Emil Ermatinger, Swiss literature historian, born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Everard Verachtert, Flemish translator (I speak beschaafd Dutch)
  • 1873 Hans Berger, German neuroscientist, psychiatrist, and inventor of electroencephalography (EEG), born in Neuses, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1878 Glenn Hammond Curtiss, American inventor (hydroplane) and founder of the US aviation industry, born in Hammondsport, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1878 Louis de Visser, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • 1880 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
  • 1892 John Peale Bishop, American poet (This Side of Paradise), born in Charles Town, West Virginia (d. 1944)
  • 1898 Armand Hammer, American millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum), born in NYC, New York
  • 1901 Suzanne Lilar [Verbist], France Belgian writer (Le burlador)
  • 1902 Marcel Breuer, Hungarian-born modernist architect and furniture designer, born in Pécs, Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1903 Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney, minister and Prime Minister of Indonesia (1953-7), born in Grabag, Central Java, Dutch West Indies (d. 1975)
  • 1903 Manly Wade Wellman, Angolan born American sci-fi author (After Dark, Devil's Planet), born in Kamundongo, Portuguese West Africa (d. 1986)
  • 1903 Pedro Aramburu, Argentine army leader, President and Dictator of Argentina (1955-58), born in Río Cuarto, Argentina (d. 1970)
  • 1909 François-Albert Angers, Quebec economist (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Guy de Rothschild, French banker (Rothschild Frères), born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • 1912 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986)

Harold RobbinsHarold Robbins (1916-1997)

American author (Moneychangers, Carpetbaggers, Betsy), born in NYC, New York

  • 1916 Leonard Manasseh, British architect (Rutherford School), born in Singapore (d. 2017)
  • 1917 Ronald Colville, Scottish businessman and Governor of the Bank of Scotland, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Leonard Mullens, British rubber physicist (Mullins effect) (d. 1997)

Andrei SakharovAndrei Sakharov (1921-1989)

Russian nuclear physicist and an activist for disarmament, peace and human rights (Nobel 1975), born in Moscow, Russia

  • 1923 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Robert Creeley, American, poet and novelist (Island), born in Arlington, Massachusetts (d. 2005)
  • 1927 George Levy, English antique dealer and heritage campaigner (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Robert Welch, English designer, silversmith (Robert Welch flatware), born in Hereford, England (d. 2000)

Malcolm FraserMalcolm Fraser (1930-2015)

Australian Prime Minister (Liberal, 1975-83), born in Toorak, Victoria

  • 1930 Stanley Wells, English scholar of Shakespeare (Shakespeare Institute U of Birmingham), born in Hull, England
  • 1931 George Vassiliou, Cypriot politician, President of Cyprus (1988-93), born in Famagusta, Cyprus
  • 1932 Gabriele Wohmann, German writer, born in Darmstadt (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, (1982 Nobel laureate for Medicine or Physiology for prostaglandins), born in Halmstad, Sweden
  • 1934 Phillip King, British sculptor, born in Tunis, French Tunisia
  • 1936 Abdul Taib Mahmud, 4th Chief Minister of Sarawak (1981-2014) and 7th Governor of Sarawak (2014-), born in Miri, Kingdom of Sarawak
  • 1936 Ama Samy, Indian Jesuit priest, Zen teacher and disciple of Yamada Koun, born in Burma
  • 1936 Dipak Nandy, Indian born British academic and founder of the Runnymead Trust, born in Calcutta, India
  • 1938 Urs Widmer, Swiss writer, born in Basel (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Anatoly Levchenko, Soviet cosmonaut (TM-4), born in Krasnokutsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR (d. 1988)
  • 1942 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • 1942 Robert C. Springer, American Army Colonel USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1944 Janet Dailey, American Romance author, born in Storm Lake, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Manual Pina, Spanish fashion designer (d. 1994)
  • 1944 Mary Robinson, Irish politician, President of the Republic of Ireland (1990-97), born in Ballina, Ireland
  • 1945 Ernst Willi Messerschmid, German astronaut (STS 22), born in Reutlingen Germany
  • 1947 Jiggs Kalra, Indian food writer "Czar of Indian cuisine", born in Punjab region, India (d. 2019)
  • 1949 Andrew Neil, Scottish newspaper editor, (Sunday Times), born in Paisley, Scotland
  • 1957 Nadine Dorries, British politician (C), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1959 Brisn Lenihan, Jnr, Irish politician and minister, born in Dublin (d. 2011)

Jeffrey DahmerJeffrey Dahmer (1960-1994)

American serial killer (Milwaukee Cannibal), born in West Allis, Wisconsin

  • 1963 Richard Appel, American writer and TV showrunner (Family Guy), born in New York City
  • 1968 Matthias Ungemach, German rower
  • 1979 James Clancy Phelan, Australian novelist, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1979 Jamie Hepburn, Scottish politician, Member of the Scottish Parliament, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1984 Brandon Fields, National Football League punter, born in Southfield, Michigan
  • 1985 Frustaci Septuplets, four boys and three girls (daughter Christina stillborn, three more die later) born to Patricia Frustaci, first known septuplets born in the US
  • 1991 Kayla Itsines, Australian fitness entrepreneur (Bikini Body Guides), born in Adelaide, Australia