On This Day

Birthdays in History on May 23

Person of interestKing Philip I

1052 Philip I of France, King of the Franks (1060-1108), born in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France (d. 1108)

King of France King Philip I
King of France
King Philip I
  • 1100 Qinzong, last Emperor of Song Dynasty in China, born in China (d. 1161)
  • 1598 Claude Mellan, French engraver, cartoonist and painter, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1683)
  • 1606 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1617 Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian and collector (Ashmolean Museum), born in Litchfield (d. 1692)
  • 1620 Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp

Person of interestCarolus Linnaeus

1707 Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist, explorer and the Father of Taxonomy, born in Råshult, Sweden (d. 1778)

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1710 François Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures), born in Nancy, France (d. 1761)
  • 1718 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1729 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), born in Bosisio, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1799)
  • 1734 Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician and hypnotist (Mesmerism), born in Iznang, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1735 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal and author, born in Brussels (d. 1814)
  • 1754 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), born in Milan (d. 1817)
  • 1790 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, born in Condé-sur-Noireau, France (d. 1842)
  • 1795 Charles Barry, British architect, born in London (d. 1860)
  • 1810 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist and journalist (NY Tribune), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1850)

  • 1812 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Mason Brayman, American attorney, newspaperman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1820 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California, born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1891)

Person of interestAmbrose Burnside

1824 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, industrialist and politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69) who popularized sideburns, born in Liberty, Indiana (d. 1881)

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1828 Edward Hitchcock Jr., 1st American physical educator (Amherst College), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1832 Pieter Jan Baptist Carel Robidé van der Aa, Dutch Indologist and geographer, born in Oosterbeek, Netherlands (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • 1837 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1844 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1848 Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
  • 1865 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1873 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • 1875 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • 1884 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • 1887 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • 1889 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

  • 1890 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • 1891 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1893 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1898 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)

Person of interestHans Frank

1900 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • 1907 Kenneth Allen, engineer
  • 1907 Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant

Person of interestJohn Bardeen

1908 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1908 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • 1909 Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
  • 1910 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
  • 1910 Hugh Casson CH, architect
  • 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • 1911 Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)
  • 1912 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • 1912 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • 1913 Ian Graeme, major-general
  • 1914 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • 1914 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • 1914 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Clyde Wiegand, physicist
  • 1916 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • 1917 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • 1919 Gayatri Devi, 3rd Maharani consort of Jaipur, India (1940-49), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • 1921 Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
  • 1924 Michael McCrum, master (Corpus Christi College Cambridge)
  • 1925 Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Joe Modise, South African commandant of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1965- )
  • 1930 Richard Anuszkiewicz, American artist 'new wizard of op', born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • 1930 Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • 1932 John Lyons, Master (Trinity Hall), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1933 Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
  • 1933 Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
  • 1934 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • 1935 Juliet Campbell, British ambassador (to Luxembourg)
  • 1935 Lord Grenfell, head of External affairs European office, world bank
  • 1936 Douglas John Gorman, businessman
  • 1938 John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
  • 1938 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • 1942 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1943 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
  • 1943 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • 1944 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • 1945 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • 1946 H. Paul Shuch, American SETI scientist
  • 1947 Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
  • 1947 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1947 Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1949 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)

Person of interestMartin McGuinness

1950 Martin McGuinness, Irish Sinn Féin politician and IRA member, born in Derry, Northern Ireland (d. 2017)

Sinn Féin Leader Martin McGuinness
Sinn Féin Leader
Martin McGuinness
  • 1951 Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • 1952 Martin Parr, British photographer, born in Epsom, England
  • 1953 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (1993-94) and one of the 1st female political figures in Africa, born in Nyaruhengeri, Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1956 Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-8), born in Klagenfurt, Austria
  • 1958 Thomas Reiter, German cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)
  • 1958 Mitch Albom, American writer
  • 1964 Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1967 Anna Ibrisagic, Swedish politician
  • 1970 Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1970 Blake Schwendiman, American author

Person of interestKen Jennings

1974 Ken Jennings, American game show contestant, born in Edmonds, Washington

74 Time Jeopardy Champion Ken Jennings
74 Time Jeopardy Champion
Ken Jennings