Birthdays in History on May 23

Philip IPhilip I (1052-1108)

King of the Franks (1060-1108), born in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France

  • 1100 Qinzong, last Emperor of Song Dynasty in China, born in China (d. 1161)
  • 1598 Claude Mellan, French engraver, cartoonist and painter, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1688)
  • 1606 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1617 Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian and collector (Ashmolean Museum), born in Litchfield (d. 1692)
  • 1620 Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus (1707-1778)

Swedish botanist, explorer and the Father of Taxonomy, born in Råshult, Sweden

  • 1710 François Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures), born in Nancy, France (d. 1761)
  • 1718 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1729 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), born in Bosisio, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1799)
  • 1734 Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician and hypnotist (Mesmerism), born in Iznang, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1735 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal and author, born in Brussels (d. 1814)
  • 1754 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), born in Milan (d. 1817)
  • 1790 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, born in Condé-sur-Noireau, France (d. 1842)
  • 1795 Charles Barry, British architect, born in London (d. 1860)
  • 1810 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist and journalist (NY Tribune), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • 1812 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Mason Brayman, American attorney, newspaperman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1820 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California, born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1891)

Ambrose BurnsideAmbrose Burnside (1824-1881)

American soldier, industrialist and politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69) who popularized sideburns, born in Liberty, Indiana

  • 1828 Edward Hitchcock Jr., 1st American physical educator (Amherst College), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1832 Pieter Jan Baptist Carel Robidé van der Aa, Dutch Indologist and geographer, born in Oosterbeek, Netherlands (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • 1837 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1844 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1848 Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
  • 1865 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1873 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • 1875 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • 1881 Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, Portuguese aviator (1st flight across the south Atlantic), born in Celorico da Beira, Portugal (d. 1924)
  • 1884 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • 1887 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • 1889 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
  • 1890 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • 1891 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish poet, novelist, and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1951), born in Växjö, Sweden (d. 1974)
  • 1893 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1898 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)

Hans FrankHans Frank (1900-1946)

German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire

  • 1907 Kenneth Allen, engineer
  • 1907 Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant

John BardeenJohn Bardeen (1908-1991)

American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin

  • 1908 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • 1909 Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
  • 1910 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
  • 1910 Hugh Casson CH, architect
  • 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • 1911 Melvin M Payne, American scientific leader (National Geographic Society, 1932-88), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1990)
  • 1912 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • 1912 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • 1913 Ian Graeme, major-general
  • 1914 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • 1914 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • 1914 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Clyde Wiegand, physicist
  • 1916 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • 1917 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Gayatri Devi, 3rd Maharani consort of Jaipur, India (1940-49), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • 1921 Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
  • 1924 Michael McCrum, master (Corpus Christi College Cambridge)
  • 1925 Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Joe Modise, South African commandant of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1965- )
  • 1930 Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • 1930 Richard Anuszkiewicz, American artist 'new wizard of op', born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • 1932 John Lyons, Master (Trinity Hall), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1933 Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
  • 1933 Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
  • 1934 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • 1935 Juliet Campbell, British ambassador (to Luxembourg)
  • 1935 Lord Grenfell, head of External affairs European office, world bank
  • 1936 Douglas John Gorman, British businessman (Chairman of CMG (Computer Management Group)), born in Woolwich, England (d. 1995)
  • 1938 John Miller, American politician (Rep-R-WA, 1985-93), born in New York City (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • 1942 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1943 Lars-Åke Nilsson, Swedish diplomat, born in Lund, Sweden (d. 1996)
  • 1943 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • 1944 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • 1945 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • 1946 H. Paul Shuch, American scientist who coordinated radio amateurs to search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1947 Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
  • 1947 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1947 Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1949 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)

Martin McGuinnessMartin McGuinness (1950-2017)

Irish Sinn Féin politician and IRA member, born in Derry, Northern Ireland

  • 1950 William Barr, American lawyer (US Attorney General, 1992-93 and 2019-20), born in New York City
  • 1951 Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • 1952 Martin Parr, British photographer, born in Epsom, England
  • 1953 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (1993-94) and one of the 1st female political figures in Africa, born in Nyaruhengeri, Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1956 Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-8), born in Klagenfurt, Austria
  • 1958 Mitch Albom, American writer
  • 1958 Thomas Reiter, German cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)
  • 1964 Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1967 Anna Ibrisagic, Swedish politician
  • 1970 Blake Schwendiman, American author
  • 1970 Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin

Ken JenningsKen Jennings (48 years old)

1974 American game show contestant, born in Edmonds, Washington