Birthdays in History on May 23

Person of interestKing Philip I

1052 Philip I of France, King of the Franks (1060-1108), born in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France (d. 1108)

King of France King Philip I
King of France
King Philip I
  • 1100 Qinzong, last Emperor of Song Dynasty in China, born in China (d. 1161)
  • 1598 Claude Mellan, French engraver, cartoonist and painter, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1683)
  • 1606 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1617 Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian and collector (Ashmolean Museum), born in Litchfield (d. 1692)
  • 1620 Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp

Person of interestCarolus Linnaeus

1707 Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist and the Father of Taxonomy, born in Råshult, Sweden (d. 1778)

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1710 Francois-Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures)
  • 1718 William Hunter, obstetrician/medal writer
  • 1729 Giuseppe Parini, Italian priest/poet (Il Giorno)
  • 1734 Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
  • 1735 Charles Joseph, prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal/author
  • 1754 Andrea Appiana, Italian royal painter (Napoleon)
  • 1790 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1795 Charles Barry, architect
  • 1810 [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)

  • 1812 Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
  • 1813 Mason Brayman, American attorney, newspaperman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1820 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
  • 1820 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)

Person of interestAmbrose Burnside

1824 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, politician and industrialist (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69), born in Liberty, Indiana (d. 1881)

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1828 Edward Hitchcock, America's 1st prof of physical ed (Amherst College)
  • 1832 Pieter J B C R van der Aa, Dutch Indologist/geographer
  • 1834 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • 1837 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1844 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1848 Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
  • 1865 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1873 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • 1875 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • 1884 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • 1887 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • 1889 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
  • 1890 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • 1891 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1893 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1898 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)

Person of interestHans Frank

1900 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

Lawyer Hans Frank
Lawyer
Hans Frank
  • 1907 Kenneth Allen, engineer
  • 1907 Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant

Person of interestJohn Bardeen

1908 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1908 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • 1909 Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
  • 1910 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
  • 1910 Hugh Casson CH, architect
  • 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • 1911 Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)
  • 1912 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • 1912 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • 1913 Ian Graeme, major-general
  • 1914 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • 1914 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • 1914 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Clyde Wiegand, physicist
  • 1916 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • 1917 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • 1921 Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
  • 1924 Michael McCrum, master (Corpus Christi College Cambridge)
  • 1925 Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Joe Modise, South African commandant of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1965- )
  • 1930 Richard Anuszkiewicz, Erie, Pa, painter
  • 1930 Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • 1932 John Lyons, Master (Trinity Hall), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1933 Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
  • 1933 Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
  • 1934 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • 1935 Juliet Campbell, British ambassador (to Luxembourg)
  • 1935 Lord Grenfell, head of External affairs European office, world bank
  • 1936 Douglas John Gorman, businessman
  • 1938 John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
  • 1938 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • 1942 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1943 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
  • 1943 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • 1944 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • 1945 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • 1946 H. Paul Shuch, American SETI scientist
  • 1947 Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
  • 1947 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1947 Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1949 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1950 Martin McGuinness, Irish Sinn Féin politician and IRA member, born in Derry (d. 2017)
  • 1951 Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • 1953 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (1993-94) and one of the 1st female political figures in Africa, born in Nyaruhengeri, Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1956 Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-8), born in Klagenfurt, Austria
  • 1958 Thomas Reiter, German cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)
  • 1958 Mitch Albom, American writer
  • 1964 Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1967 Anna Ibrisagic, Swedish politician
  • 1968 Tiffany Rochelle-Anderson, Laguna Beach Ca, WPVA (Nationals-13th-1995)
  • 1970 Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1970 Blake Schwendiman, American author

Person of interestKen Jennings

1974 Ken Jennings, American game show contestant, born in Edmonds, Washington

74 Time Jeopardy Champion Ken Jennings
74 Time Jeopardy Champion
Ken Jennings