On This Day

Birthdays in History on May 24

  • 15 BC Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander, born in Roma, Italia, Roman Empire (d. 19)
  • 1522 John Jewel, English bishop, born in Buden, Devon, England (d. 1571)
  • 1544 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), born in Colchester, England (d. 1603)
  • 1605 Nikon [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church, born in Veldemanovo, Russia (d. 1681)
  • 1616 John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale, born in Lethington Castle, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1682)
  • 1619 Philips Wouwerman, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1668)
  • 1671 Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1737)

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1686 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1689 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)

Person of interestJean-Paul Marat

1743 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1751 Charles Emanuel IV, King of Sardinia (1796-1802), born in Turin (d. 1819)
  • 1753 Oliver Cromwell, decorated African American soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence, born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1794 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)
  • 1803 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, born in Kotka, Finland (d. 1866)
  • 1807 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1893)

  • 1810 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1877)
  • 1816 Emanuel Leutze, American painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware), born in Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg, German Confederation (d. 1868)
  • 1816 Robert Seaman Granger, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1894)

Person of interestQueen Victoria

1819 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1830 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • 1838 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1840 Frederick Walker, British social realist painter, born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1841 Charles Napier Hemy, British painter, born in Newcastle, England (d. 1917)
  • 1850 Ernest Albert Waterlow, English water-color painter, born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1852 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1854 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1854 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy, born in Banister Hollow, Camden County, Missouri (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Johan Braakensiek, Dutch political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1863 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • 1866 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • 1868 Charles E. Taylor, American first aircraft maintenance professional, born in Cerro Gordo, Illinois (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1938)
  • 1870 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations, born in Bovenplaats, Cape Colony (d. 1950)
  • 1878 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, American psychologist and industrial engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954), born in Oakland, California (d. 1972)
  • 1879 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, born in York County, Pennsylvania (d. 1956)
  • 1885 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, born in Turton, Lancashire (d. 1948).
  • 1887 Edward "Mick" Mannock, British WWI flying ace (Victoria Cross), born in British Isles (d. 1918)
  • 1891 Benedictus H. Danser, Dutch taxonomist and botanist, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1943)

  • 1891 William F. Albright, American old testament scholar and archaeologist, born in Coquimbo, Chile (d. 1971)
  • 1893 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), born in Schröttinghausen, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Samuel I Newhouse Sr., American businessman and publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour), born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • 1898 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer and illustrator (Orlando), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1899 Henri Michaux, Belgian-born French poet and writer (Miserable Miracle), born in Namur, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1904 Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral (d. 1992)
  • 1904 Patrick Johnson, English physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Mikhail Sholokhov, Soviet writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965), born in Veshenskaya, Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1906 John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
  • 1908 Michael Roberts, English historian, born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Guillermo Díaz-Plaja, Spanish literary and poet (Lorca), born in Manresa, Barcelona (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Louis Fornberg, writer (d. 1957)
  • 1909 Wilbur Mills, American politician who involved with Fanne Foxe, born in Kensett, Arkansas (d. 1992)
  • 1911 Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking, born in Bournemouth, Dorset, England (d. 2007)
  • 1914 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), born in Manly, New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge, born in Whitefield, Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Alan Campbell, Baron Campbell of Alloway, British judge (d. 2013)
  • 1917 Theodore Hesburgh, president (University of Notre Dame), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1917 Florence Knoll Bassett, American furniture designer (Knoll), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1918 Coleman Young, 1st African American Mayor of Detroit, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Sid Couchey, American comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Francois J [Frank] le Roux, chief whip (South Afr Conserv Party)
  • 1927 Martinus J Mentz, South African MP (Conservative)
  • 1927 Timothy Bevan, British lawyer and CEO (Barclays Bank) (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Peter Griffiths, British politician (C), controversially won his seat (1964), born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 2013)
  • 1928 William Trevor, Irish writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune), born in Mitchelstown, Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Ivor Richardson, New Zealand judge (NZ Court of Appeals), born in Ashburton, New Zealand (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Arnold Wesker, British playwright (Bratkartoffeln Inbegriffen), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Graham Arnold, British artist (Brotherhood of Ruralists), born in Sydenham, London (d. 2019)
  • 1932 James Anderton, British Chief constable (Manchester England), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1932 Terence Heiser, British senior civil servant
  • 1933 Christopher Staughton, British Lord Justice of Appeal (d. 2014)
  • 1933 Joaquín Vaquero Turcios, Spanish painter, born in Madrid (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
  • 1933 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Paris (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Jane Byrne, American politician (50th Mayor of Chicago), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • 1935 Joan Micklin Silver, American director (Hester Street), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1938 David Viscott, American psychiatrist and media personality, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Gert Schutte, Dutch politician (GPV), born in Nieuwpoort, Netherlands
  • 1940 Joseph Brodsky, Russian-American poet and writer (Less than One, Nobel 1987), born in Leningrad, RSFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1996)
  • 1941 Patricia Hollis, Baroness Hollis of Heigham, English Labour politician, born in Plympton, Plymouth (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
  • 1945 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • 1945 Steven Norris, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1946 Jeremy Treglown, English scholar and editor (TLS)
  • 1947 Luke Rittner, British art administrator (Arts Council), born in Bath, Somerset, England
  • 1947 Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive, born in Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1947 Cynthia Plaster Caster [Cynthia Albritton], American artist who made plaster casts of celebrity penises and breasts, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Larry Seidlin, American judge (judge during the infamous Anna Nicole Smith body custody hearing after her death), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1951 Ronald Parise, Italian-American astronaut (STS 35, STS 67), born in Warren, Ohio
  • 1956 Michael Jackson, Northern Irish clergyman (Archbishop of Dublin), born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
  • 1957 John G. Rowland, American politician (86th Governor of Connecticut), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1963 Michael Chabon, American novelist (The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1965 Shinichirō Watanabe, Japanese anime director (Samurai Champloo), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1976 Bob Maesen, Belgian flatwater canoer, born in Neerpelt, Pelt, Belgium
  • 1978 Brian Ching, American footballer (U.S. National Team), born in Hale'iwa, Hawaii
  • 1982 DaMarcus Beasley, American footballer (Houston Dynamo), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • 1983 Ben "Yahtzee" Croshaw, Anglo-Australian videogame creator and critic, born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England
  • 1995 Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, eldest child of Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, the Regent and Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Duchess in Bavaria, born in Portland Hospital, London
  • 1996 Matthew Eappen, baby killed by nanny Louise Woodward, born in Boston, Massachusetts