Birthdays in History on May 26

  • 1264 Prince Koreyasu, 7th Japanese shogun, born in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1326)

Pope Clement VIIPope Clement VII (1478-1534)

Italian Pope (1523-34), born in Florence

  • 1566 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1603)
  • 1602 Philippe de Champaigne, French painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1674)
  • 1623 William Petty, English political economist and statistician (Treatise of Taxes and Contributions), born in Romsey, England (d. 1687)

John ChurchillJohn Churchill (1650-1722)

1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, born in Ashe, England

  • 1667 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), born in Vitry-sur-Seine, France (d. 1754)
  • 1669 Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist, born in Vigny, Île-de-France, France (d. 1722)
  • 1700 Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German religious and social reformer, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1760)
  • 1806 Henry Thatcher, American rear admiral (U.S. Navy), born in Thomaston, Maine (d. 1880)
  • 1822 Edmond de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Jules de Goncourt, born in Nancy (d. 1896)
  • 1835 Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and military engineer, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1865 Robert W. Chambers, American artist and fiction writer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1933)
  • 1866 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (Tough Workers), born in Aalsmeer, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1867 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1953)
  • 1871 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47), born in Bilzen, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1873 C.G.N. de Vooys, Dutch translator and founder (New Taalgids), born in Gouda, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1873 Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian artist, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1958)

Henri FarmanHenri Farman (1874-1958)

British-French aviator who broke several aviation records, born in Paris

  • 1877 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (La Mort de Sparte), born in Guebwiller, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1968)
  • 1877 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudes/portraits), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1895 Dorothea Lange, American documentary photographer, born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1965)
  • 1899 Antonio J. Barrette, French Canadian politician, premier of Quebec, born in Joliette, Quebec, Canada (d. 1968)
  • 1899 Otto E. Neugebauer, Austrian-American mathematician and historian, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1990)

Pieter MentenPieter Menten (1899-1987)

Dutch war criminal, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands

  • 1903 Estes Kefauver, American politician (Sen-D-Tn), born in Madisonville, Tennessee (d. 1963)
  • 1907 Jean Bernard, French physician and haematologist, born in Paris (d. 2006)
  • 1908 Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, Prime Minister of South Vietnam, born in Long Xuyên, Annam, French Indochina (d. 1976)
  • 1910 Adolfo López Mateos, 48th President of Mexico, born in Atizapán de Zaragoza, State of Mexico, Mexico (d. 1969)
  • 1910 Laurance Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1912 Janos Kádár, 46th Prime Minister of Hungary 5th Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary (1956-58), born in Fiume, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1913 Fred Bertrand, Belgian politician, born in Bilzen, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1915 Antonia Forest [Patricia Giulia Caulfield Kate Rubinstein], British children's author (The Marlows), born in Hampstead, London (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch political prisoner and journalist (The Walls Came Tumbling Down) (d. 1972)
  • 1923 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of the National Farmers Organization (1955-79), born in Whitesville, Missouri (d. 1988)
  • 1924 T. Cooper Evans, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian sci-fi novelist (Sunburst), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2009)
  • 1927 David Edgerton, American entrepreneur and founder of Burger King, born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)

Jack KevorkianJack Kevorkian (1928-2011)

American pathologist and right-to-die activist, born in Pontiac, Michigan

  • 1929 Hugo Raes, Flemish writer (Horses Jump & Fresh Sea), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Dullah Omar, South African attorney and UDF-leader, born in Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2004)
  • 1938 Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian playwright and novelist
  • 1938 Pauline Parker, New Zealand murderess (Parker–Hulme murder case), born in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1939 Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire
  • 1939 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • 1940 Monique Gagnon-Tremblay, French Canadian politician
  • 1941 John Kaufman, sculptor
  • 1941 Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
  • 1947 Piers Gray, critic/writer
  • 1949 Jeremy Corbyn, British politician (Labour Party leader 2015-20), born in Chippenham, England
  • 1949 Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor (the wiki), born in Michigan City, Indiana
  • 1951 Madeleine Taylor-Quinn, Irish politician
  • 1951 Muhammed Ahmad Faris, Syria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3)

Sally RideSally Ride (1951-2012)

American astronaut (first American woman to go to space), born in Los Angeles, California

  • 1953 Michael Portillo, British politician
  • 1954 Alan Hollinghurst, British novelist
  • 1954 Danny Rolling, American murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef
  • 1956 Frédéric Dutoit, French politician
  • 1957 François Legault, French Canadian politician
  • 1957 Pontso S.M. Sekatle, Lesotho academic and politician
  • 1967 Phil Doyle, Australian writer
  • 1968 Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 1969 John Baird, Canadian politician, born in Nepean, Ontario
  • 1970 Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese manga artist (Rurouni Kenshin), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1975 Kwasi Kwarteng, British politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, England
  • 1977 Raina Telgemeier, American cartoonist (Smile), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1982 Yoko Matsugane, Japanese model
  • 1990 Zenouska Mowatt, granddaughter of English princess Alexandra