Birthdays in History on May 27

  • May

Person of interestIbn Khaldūn

1332 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1519 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and editor of Greek texts, born in Florence (d. 1594)
  • 1576 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany (d. 1649)
  • 1595 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer (d. 1666)
  • 1601 Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary and martyr, born in Dieppe, Normandie, France (d. 1648)
  • 1626 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1650)
  • 1651 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French bishop and cardinal, born in Auvergne, France (d. 1729)
  • 1652 Elisabeth Charlotte "Liselotte", German-French duchess of Orleans, born in Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1722)
  • 1738 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1796)
  • 1756 Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, born in Schwetzingen, Baden (d. 1825)
  • 1774 Francis Beaufort, Irish admiral and hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale), born in Navan, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1857)
  • 1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt, American shipping and railroad magnate (New York Central Railroad), born in Port Richmond, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1815 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), born in Canley, Warwickshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, American reformer who campaigned for temperance and women’s rights, born in Homer, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1819 Julia Ward Howe, American poet and author (Battle Hymn of the Republic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1820 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1904)

  • 1823 John Gray Foster, American Major General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, New Hampshire (d. 1874)
  • 1827 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Franklin, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1836 Edwin Gray Lee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Shepherdstown, Virginia (d. 1870)
  • 1836 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, born in Roxbury, New York (d. 1892)

Person of interestWild Bill Hickok

1837 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1837 Robert Hoke, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • 1837 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • 1850 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • 1854 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal, born in Portimão, Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1861 Victoria Earle Matthews, American author and activist, born in Fort Valley, Georgia (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1867 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 1931)
  • 1871 Georges Rouault, French expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Eros Thanatos), born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 1942)
  • 1876 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Hans Lammers, German SS officer and Nazi politician, born in Lublinitz, Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends) (d. 1918)
  • 1887 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), born in Berlin (d. 1942)
  • 1893 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1894 Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon), born in St. Mary's County, Maryland (d. 1961)
  • 1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • 1897 John Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951), born in Todmorden, Yorkshire, England (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)

  • 1901 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1992)

Person of interestRachel Carson

1907 Rachel Carson, American marine biologist, conservationist and writer (Silent Spring), born in Springdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)

Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson
Marine Biologist and Writer
Rachel Carson
  • 1908 Melle Oldeboerrigter, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1910 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)
  • 1911 Hubert Humphrey, American politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (1965-69), and 1968 Presidential candidate, born in Wallace, South Dakota (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Torolf Elster, Norwegian journalist and writer (Frihet och demokrati), born in Kristiania, Norway (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Teddy Kollek, Israeli politician (Mayor of Jerusalem), born in Nagyvázsony, Hungary (d. 2007)
  • 1912 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, Anglican bishop (Southwark England), born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Wols [Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze], German cartoonist and painter, born in Berlin (d. 1951)
  • 1914 Frederick Erroll, 1st Baron Erroll of Hale, British Conservative politician, born in London (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Ross Stainton, CEO (British Airways), born in Whitstable, England (d. 2011)
  • 1915 Herman Wouk, American novelist (The Caine Mutiny, Winds of War), born in NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1916 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • 1918 Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)
  • 1920 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • 1920 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • 1921 Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
  • 1922 Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

1923 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1923 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • 1923 Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • 1923 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Graz Austria, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller
  • 1925 John Moberly, diplomat
  • 1925 Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount Rothermere, English press magnate (The Mail on Sunday), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • 1925 Tony Hillerman, American writer
  • 1927 Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)
  • 1927 Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People's Newspaper)
  • 1930 John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
  • 1930 William S Sessions, Arkansas, director of FBI
  • 1931 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • 1931 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • 1931 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1936 Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
  • 1936 Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
  • 1936 Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1937 Andrei Bitov, Russian writer (Pushkin House), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1939 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1941 Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/author (Mussert)
  • 1942 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1944 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • 1947 Peter DeFazio, (Rep-D-Oregon)
  • 1947 Felix Dennis, English publisher and poet (Dennis Publishing), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • 1951 Norma Jean Almodovar, American author (Cop to Call Girl) and sex worker activist, born in Binghampton, New York
  • 1954 Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1956 Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1957 Siouxsie Sioux, [Susan Ballion], Kent England (Siouxsie & Banshees)
  • 1959 Donna Strickland, Canadian physicist (Nobel Prize 2018 laser beams), born in Guelph, Ontario
  • 1962 Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1968 Rebekah Brooks, English journalist (implicated in News International phone hacking scandal), born in Warrington, England
  • 1970 Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1971 Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman
  • 1976 RJD2, American hip-hop producer
  • 1984 Kalle Spjuth, Swedish bandy player