Birthdays in History on May 27

Ibn KhaldūnIbn Khaldūn (1332-1406)

North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis

  • 1519 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and editor of Greek texts, born in Florence (d. 1594)
  • 1576 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany (d. 1649)
  • 1595 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer (d. 1666)
  • 1601 Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary and martyr, born in Dieppe, Normandie, France (d. 1648)
  • 1626 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1650)
  • 1651 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French bishop and cardinal, born in Auvergne, France (d. 1729)
  • 1652 Elisabeth Charlotte "Liselotte", German-French duchess of Orleans, born in Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1722)
  • 1738 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1796)
  • 1756 Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, born in Schwetzingen, Baden (d. 1825)
  • 1774 Francis Beaufort, Irish admiral and hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale), born in Navan, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1857)

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877)

American shipping and railroad magnate (New York Central Railroad), born in Port Richmond, New York

  • 1815 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), born in Canley, Warwickshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, American reformer who campaigned for temperance and women’s rights, born in Homer, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1819 Julia Ward Howe, American poet (Battle Hymn of the Republic), author, abolitionist, and women's suffragist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1820 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1823 John Gray Foster, American Major General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, New Hampshire (d. 1874)
  • 1827 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Franklin, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1836 Edwin Gray Lee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Shepherdstown, Virginia (d. 1870)
  • 1836 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, born in Roxbury, New York (d. 1892)

Wild Bill HickokWild Bill Hickok (1837-1876)

American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois

  • 1837 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • 1837 Robert Hoke, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • 1850 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • 1854 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal, born in Portimão, Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1861 Victoria Earle Matthews, American author and activist, born in Fort Valley, Georgia (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1867 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 1931)
  • 1871 Georges Rouault, French expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Eros Thanatos), born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 1942)
  • 1876 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Hans Lammers, German SS officer and Nazi politician, born in Lublinitz, Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends) (d. 1918)
  • 1887 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), born in Berlin (d. 1942)
  • 1893 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1894 Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon), born in St. Mary's County, Maryland (d. 1961)
  • 1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • 1897 John Cockcroft, English physicist (development of Radar, Nobel Prize 1951 for 1st particle accelerator, Director of Atomic Energy Research Establishment), born in Todmorden, Yorkshire, England (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1901 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1992)

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson (1907-1964)

American marine biologist, conservationist and author (Silent Spring), born in Springdale, Pennsylvania

  • 1908 Melle Oldeboerrigter, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1910 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)

Hubert HumphreyHubert Humphrey (1911-1978)

American politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (1965-69), and 1968 Presidential candidate, born in Wallace, South Dakota

  • 1911 Teddy Kollek, Israeli politician (Mayor of Jerusalem), born in Nagyvázsony, Hungary (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Torolf Elster, Norwegian journalist and writer (Frihet och demokrati), born in Kristiania, Norway (d. 2006)
  • 1912 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, Anglican bishop (Southwark England), born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Wols [Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze], German cartoonist and painter, born in Berlin (d. 1951)
  • 1914 Frederick Erroll, 1st Baron Erroll of Hale, British Conservative politician, born in London (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Ross Stainton, CEO (British Airways), born in Whitstable, England (d. 2011)
  • 1915 Herman Wouk, American novelist (The Caine Mutiny, Winds of War), born in NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1916 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • 1918 Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1982-87), born in Takasaki, Japan (d. 2019)
  • 1920 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • 1920 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • 1921 Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
  • 1922 Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)

Henry KissingerHenry Kissinger (99 years old)

1923 US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

  • 1923 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller, born in Graz Austria
  • 1923 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • 1925 Tony Hillerman, American writer (Navajo Tribal Police), born in Sacred Heart Oklahoma,
  • 1925 Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount Rothermere, English press magnate (The Mail on Sunday), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • 1927 Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)
  • 1927 Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People's Newspaper)
  • 1930 John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
  • 1930 William S. Sessions, American director of FBI (1987-93), born in Fort Smith, Arkansas (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • 1931 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1931 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • 1932 Jeffrey Bernard, British writer (Spectator Magazine - Low Life), born in Hampstead, london (d. 1997)
  • 1936 Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
  • 1936 Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
  • 1936 Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1937 Andrei Bitov, Russian writer (Pushkin House), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1939 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1941 Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/author (Mussert)
  • 1942 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1942 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1944 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • 1947 Felix Dennis, English publisher and poet (Dennis Publishing), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 2014)
  • 1947 Henry McMaster, American politician, Governor of South Carolina (2017-), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1947 Peter DeFazio, American politician, Rep-D-Oregon (1987-), born in Needham, Massachusetts
  • 1948 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • 1951 Norma Jean Almodovar, American author (Cop to Call Girl) and sex worker activist, born in Binghampton, New York
  • 1954 Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1956 Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1959 Donna Strickland, Canadian physicist (Nobel Prize 2018 laser beams), born in Guelph, Ontario
  • 1962 Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1968 Rebekah Brooks, English journalist (implicated in News International phone hacking scandal), born in Warrington, England
  • 1970 Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1971 Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman
  • 1971 Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 Majorie Taylor Greene, American politician and conspiracy theorist (Rep-R-Georgia 2021-), born in Milledgeville, Georgia
  • 1976 RJD2, American hip-hop producer
  • 1984 Kalle Spjuth, Swedish bandy player