Birthdays in History on May 28

  • 1140 Xin Qiji, Chinese poet and military leader, born in Jinan, China (d. 1207)

John the FearlessJohn the Fearless (1371-1419)

Duke of Burgundy (1404-19), born in Ducal palace, Dijon, Burgundy

Selim IISelim II (1524-1574)

11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire

  • 1577 Floris II van Pallandt, Dutch earl of Culemborg and politician, born in Culemborg, Kasteel Culemborg, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1582 William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman, born in Broughton Castle, Banbury, Oxfordshire (d. 1662)
  • 1588 Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France, born in Paris (d. 1672)
  • 1641 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, Slovenian polymath and natural historian, born in Laibach, Carniola (d. 1693)

George IGeorge I (1660-1727)

King of Great Britain and Ireland (1714-27), born in Hanover, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1676 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1754)
  • 1738 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, born in Saintes, France (d. 1814)

William Pitt the YoungerWilliam Pitt the Younger (1759-1806)

British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), born in Hayes, Kent, England

  • 1764 Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman, born in Columbia County, New York (d. 1836)
  • 1782 Wouter Johannes van Troostwijk, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1810)
  • 1789 Bernhard Severin Ingemann, Danish author (Tomorrow- og Aftensange), born in Torkilstrup, Denmark (d. 1862)
  • 1807 Jan van Swieten, Dutch general and governor of West-Sumatra, born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1888)
  • 1807 Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American naturalist and geologist, born in Haut-Vully, Switzerland (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter, etcher and lithographer (d. 1864)
  • 1818 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), born in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (d. 1893)
  • 1819 William Birney, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • 1820 Willem Doorenbos, Dutch literary and critic, born in Deersum, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • 1828 Alpheus Baker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in South Carolina (d. 1891)
  • 1830 George Lucas Hartsuff, American Major General (Union Army), born in Tyre, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1831 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, born in NYC, New York (d. 1922)
  • 1836 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, born in Berlin (d. 1918)
  • 1837 George Ashlin, Irish architect noted for his work on churches and cathedrals, born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1921)
  • 1837 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1908)
  • 1838 Basil W. Duke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1916)
  • 1839 Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author and critic (Roccaverdina), born in Mineo, Sicily, Italy (d. 1915)
  • 1840 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1884)
  • 1853 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1858 Carl Richard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (blowtorch), born in Arboga, Sweden (d. 1939)
  • 1863 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1865 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), born in Leerdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (Fille Perdue), born in Morges, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (pioneer of statistical physics), born in Vorder-Brühl, Austria-Hungary (d. 1917)
  • 1878 Paul Pelliot, French Sinologist and Orientalist best known for his explorations of Central Asia and his discovery of many important Chinese texts among the Dunhuang manuscripts, born in Paris (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), born in Dalj, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, born in Gayton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1978)
  • 1883 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian independence activist and writer (The Indian War of Independence), born in Bhagur, India (d. 1966)

Edvard BenešEdvard Beneš (1884-1948)

Czech politician, statesman, and 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 1945-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

  • 1884 Theo van Reijn, Dutch sculptor and lithographer, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-American mobster, born in Cianciana, Sicily, Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1903 Gaston Duribreux, Flemish writer (Golden Sail), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1907 F. G. Emmison, British archivist and historian, born in Bedford, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Patrick Browne, British Lord justice of appeal, born in Cambridge (d. 1996)
  • 1909 John Schepens [Jean Baudoux], Flemish journalist and writer (Polyfoto)
  • 1910 Stuart Piggott, British archaeologist best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex, born in Petersfield, Hampshire (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Jean-Pierre Levy, French resistance leader during WWII, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Herman Johannes, Indonesian scientist and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Leslie Monson, British High Commissioner to Zambia
  • 1912 Patrick White, Australian novelist and playwright (Happy Valley, Nobel Prize for Literature 1973), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Gordon Wolstenholme, British physician (Ciba Foundation), born in Sheffield, England (d. 2004)
  • 1914 W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British WWII flying ace, born in Madras, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Gerald McArthur, British Scotland Yard detective who caught the Great Train Robbers (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Walker Percy, writer (Adventures of a Bad Catholic), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1917 Barry Commoner, biologist (Science & Survival), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1917 Gerald Cash, Governor-General of the Bahamas, born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Charles John Robert Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland, British land owner/multimillionaire
  • 1921 Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Tom Uren, Australian politician, Australian heritage and conservation campaigner, born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Barney Rosset, publisher and free speech advocate (publisher of Tropic for Cancer), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1922 John Alderson, chief constable (Devon & Cornwall UK)
  • 1923 Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, also known as NTR, Indian film star (Patala Bhairavi; Mayabazar), and politician (Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (1983-89 & 1994-95), born in Nimmakuru, Madras Presidency, British India (now in Andhra Pradesh, India) (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Edward du Cann, British politician and Chairman of the Conservative Party (1965-67), born in Beckenham, London (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Geoffrey Rippon, British MP, born in Penn, Buckinghamshire (d. 1997)

Bülent EcevitBülent Ecevit (1925-2006)

four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), born in Istanbul, Turkey

  • 1927 Francois Nourissier, French writer (Un petit bourgeois)
  • 1927 Norman Ireland, CEO (Bowater)
  • 1927 Robert Evans, CEO (British Gas)
  • 1928 Albert Booth, British government minister
  • 1929 Patrick McNair-Wilson, MP
  • 1930 Edward Seaga, PM (Jamaica)
  • 1931 Stephen Birmingham, American author (Real Lace: America's Irish Rich), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Lord Renton, MP (Conservative)
  • 1932 Neil Black, British oboist, and educator, born in Birmingham, England (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Philip Otton, high court judge
  • 1935 Kenneth Kleinwort, English banker/multi-millionaire
  • 1936 Claude Forget, French Canadian politician
  • 1936 Frank Orr, Canadian sports author and journalist (Hockey Hall of Fame; Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award; Toronto Star), born in Hillsburgh, Ontario (d. 2021)

Betty ShabazzBetty Shabazz (1940-1997)

American educator and civil rights activist who was the widow of Malcolm X, born in Pinehurst, Georgia

  • 1940 Maeve Binchy [Snell], Irish novelist (Light a Penny Candle), born in Dalkey, Ireland (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Tom Petri, American politician (Rep-R-WI, 1979-2015), born in Marinette, Wisconsin
  • 1941 Guntram Vesper, writer
  • 1942 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1943 Ray Mitchell, governor (Albany Prison, England)
  • 1944 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Rudy GiulianiRudy Giuliani (78 years old)

1944 American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

  • 1945 Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
  • 1945 John N. Bambacus, American politician
  • 1946 Satchidanandan, Indian poet
  • 1947 Lynn Johnston, Canadian cartoonist
  • 1947 Zahi Hawass, Egyptian Egyptologist
  • 1949 Steve King, American politician (Rep (R) Iowa 2003-21) rebuked for racist comments, born in Storm Lake, Iowa
  • 1950 Ian Bradley, British writer and academic
  • 1954 John Tory, Canadian lawyer and politician (Mayor of Toronto, 2016-present), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1956 Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • 1957 Walter R. Tucker III, American politician (Rep-D-California 1993-95), born in Compton, California
  • 1959 John Morgan, British etiquette expert (d. 2000)
  • 1963 Houman Younessi, Iranian-born scientist
  • 1971 Marco Rubio, American politician (Senate-R-Florida, 2011-), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1977 Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American television panelist (The View)
  • 2010 Prince Louis of Bourbon, elder son of Prince Louis, Duke of Anjou