Birthdays in History on May 31

  • 1443 Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England, born in Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1509)
  • 1469 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration known as "Manuel The Fortunate", born in Alcochete, Portugal (d. 1521)
  • 1472 Erardus van der Mark, prince-bishop of Luik and cardinal
  • 1535 Alessandro Allori, Italian painter and carpet designer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1607)
  • 1557 Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Tsar of Russia (1584-98), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1598)
  • 1640 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), born in Biały Kamień, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1673)
  • 1699 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1744 Richard Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish inventor and educationalist, born in Bath, Somerset (d. 1817)
  • 1753 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, born in Limoges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1801 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1877)
  • 1810 Horatio Seymour, American politician (18th Governor of New York), born in Onondaga, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1817 Georg Herwegh, German poet, born in Stuttgart (d. 1875)
  • 1818 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Windham, Massachusetts (d. 1867)

Walt WhitmanWalt Whitman (1819-1892)

American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, born in West Hills, New York

  • 1835 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader, born in Hino, Tokyo, Japan (d. 1869)
  • 1837 Ernest Daudet, French journalist and writer (White Terror), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1921)
  • 1837 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American general and the youngest West Pointer to be Major General, born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1837 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Arlington House, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • 1838 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University), born in Skipton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • 1852 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1919)

Pius XIPius XI (1857-1939)

Italian 259th Pope (1922-39), born in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire

  • 1860 Walter Sickert, Danish-English painter (The Miner), born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • 1861 Emily Bissell, American welfare worker and founder of Christmas Seals, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1948)
  • 1863 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • 1872 Charles Greeley Abbot, American astronomer (Solar Constant), born in Wilton, New Hampshire (d. 1973)
  • 1872 W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator and cartoonist (Don Quixote), born in Islington, England (d. 1944)
  • 1882 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian nobleman and politician, born in Dég, Fejér county, Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1883 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Alois Hudal, Austrian bishop who helped Nazi war criminals escape trial, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Saint-John Perse [Alexis Leger], French diplomat and poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1960), born in Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe (d. 1975)
  • 1892 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, born in Geisenfeld, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1892 Konstatin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1968) [NS]
  • 1892 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • 1893 Janet Sobel [Jennie Olechovsky], Ukrainian-American abstract expressionist and drip-paint pioneering artist (Milky Way), born in Katerynoslav, Russian Empire (now Dnipro, Ukraine) (d. 1968)
  • 1899 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, born in Breslau (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • 1907 Valston Hancock, British air marshal
  • 1909 Jan Lewando, British director (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1910 Francis Avery Jones, British gastro-enterologist
  • 1911 Edward Adamson, British artist, 'father of art therapy' and collector, born in Sale, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conducted the Wu experiment), born in Liuhe, China (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson, American politician (Sen-D-Wash), born in Everett, Washington (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Martin Schwarzschild, American astronomer (evolution)
  • 1913 Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral
  • 1916 Bert Haanstra, Dutch director (Fanfare), born in Holten, Netherlands
  • 1919 Robie Macauley, American editor (Houghton Mifflin), and novelist (A Secret History of Time to Come), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Andrew Grima, Italian-born British jeweller known for his modern designs, born in Rome, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Robert Arthur Ley, English sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X) (d. 1968)
  • 1922 Elisabeth, Arch Duchess of Austria, Princess of Liechtenstein

Rainier IIIRainier III (1923-2005)

Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), born in Monaco

  • 1924 Patricia Roberts Harris, American politician (Rep-D),1st African American woman cabinet member, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1926 Derek Birley, English founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster and sports writer, born in West Yorkshire (d. 2002)
  • 1926 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man (d. 2008)
  • 1927 James Eberle, British admiral, director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs)
  • 1927 Michael Sandberg, British CEO (Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp)
  • 1929 Neil Shaw, British CEO (Tate & Lyle)
  • 1930 William Taylor, British Chairman of Convocation (London University)
  • 1931 John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1972 for BCS theory), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • 1931 Steve Horn, American politician (Rep-R-California 1993-2003), born in San Juan Bautista, California (d. 2011)
  • 1932 Elizabeth Southey, British CEO (National Fed of Women's Institutes)
  • 1932 George Vallings, British Vice Admiral
  • 1932 Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Ronald Hampel, British CEO (ICI)
  • 1935 Jim Bolger, New Zealand politician 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand, born in Opunake, New Zealand
  • 1936 Zevulun Hammer, Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (1996-98), born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1998)
  • 1938 John Prescott, British Labour MP (Deputy PM 1997-2007), born in Prestatyn, Wales
  • 1939 Terry Waite, English Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage, born in Bollington, Cheshire
  • 1940 Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
  • 1941 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941 Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, (1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on nitric oxide), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1941 William Nordhaus, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, climate change modelling), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1942 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1945 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
  • 1945 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • 1946 Ted Baehr, American Christian media critic
  • 1948 Duncan L. Hunter, American politician (Rep-R-CA, 1981- 2009), born in Riverside, California
  • 1948 Svetlana Alexievich, Ukrainian journalist and author (Noble Prize for Literature 2015), born in Stanislav, Ukraine
  • 1950 Edward Barker, English cartoonist, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1955 Ben de Lisi, American-British fashion designer, born in New York City
  • 1957 Stephen Jones, English milliner (John Galliano, Vivienne Westwood), born in the Wirral Peninsula, England
  • 1958 Mkhuseli Jack, South African UDF-leader (consumer boycots)
  • 1962 Børge Ousland, Norwegian polar explorer, 1st person to complete solo crossing of the Antarctic, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1962 Dina Boluarte, Peruvian politician (1st Female President of Peru 2022-), born in Chalhuanca, Peru

Viktor OrbánViktor Orbán (59 years old)

1963 Hungarian politician and Prime Minister of Hungary (2010-), born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary

  • 1964 Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman (CanWest), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1977 Joachim Olsen, Danish shot putter and politician, born in Aalborg, Denmark
  • 1977 Joel Ross, British disc jockey
  • 1986 Robert Gesink, Dutch professional cyclist, born in Varsseveld, Netherlands
  • 1990 Liberty Irene Kasem, daughter of Casey & Jean Kasem