Birthdays in History on May 5

  • 867 Uda, 59th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 931)
  • 1210 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1352 Rupert, King of Germany (1400-10), born in Amberg, Germany (d. 1410)
  • 1479 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru, born in Amritsar, Punjab, India (d. 1574)
  • 1546 Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician, born in St Mary the Great, Cambridge, England (d. 1623)
  • 1557 Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing, Baron of Montigny and Marquis of Renty, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1590)
  • 1635 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant indiscreet), born in Paris (d. 1688)
  • 1741 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), born near Churchville, Maryland (d. 1810)

Person of interestLeopold II

1747 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1764 Robert Craufurd, British general, born in Newark Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1812)
  • 1800 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1855)
  • 1815 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1817 George Washington Julian, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Centerville, Indiana (d. 1899)

Person of interestKarl Marx

1818 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

  • 1823 James Allen Hardie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1826 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1830 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • 1832 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), born in Granville, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, born in Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)
  • 1834 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1846 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1849 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • 1862 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • 1863 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • 1865 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), born in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)
  • 1866 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist, born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1938)
  • 1882 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, born in Colchester, Essex, England (d. 1950)
  • 1885 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State) (d. 1951)
  • 1887 Geoffrey Fisher, Baron Fisher of Lambeth, Archbishop of Canterbury (1945-61), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1957)
  • 1900 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1903 James Beard, American culinary expert and author (Delights & Prejudices), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National & Black Front, born in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1905 Robert Houben, Belgian politician (Minister of Public health 1958), born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Kenneth Muir, English scholar, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • 1908 Kurt Böhme, German bass, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet (Clouded Sky), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)

  • 1910 William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WWII)
  • 1911 Philip Manson-Bahr, English zoologist and specialist in tropical medicine, born in Wavertree, Liverpool, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Richard Rovere, American political journalist (Goldwater Caper), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1979)
  • 1916 Zail Singh, Indian politician (7th President of India 1982-87), born in Sandhwan, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967), born in Elaiohori, Greece (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)

Person of interestArthur Leonard Schawlow

1921 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1999)

  • 1923 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leo Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1978)
  • 1925 Mykola Plaviuk, Ukranian president (1978-81), born in Rusiv, Ukraine (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Michael J. Adams, USAF pilot (X-15), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Greg [Michel Régnier], Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • 1937 Rob Van Gennep, Dutch publisher, born in Wassenaar, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1939 James R. Jones, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1955 Robert Feld, National Scrabble Champion (1990), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1958 Ron Arad, Israeli Air Force weapon systems officer (WSO) who is officially classified as missing in action since October 1986, born in Hod HaSharon, Israel
  • 1970 Naomi Klein, Canadian author (This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate) and activist, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • 1970 Soheil Ayari, French-Iranian racer, born in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie, France
  • 1988 Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (attempting to become the youngest person to fly a light utility aircraft across the United States), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Tatiana Celia Kennedy Schlossberg, American daughter of Caroline, born in NYC, New York