Birthdays in History on May 5

  • 1210 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1352 Rupert, King of Germany (1400-10), born in Amberg, Germany (d. 1410)
  • 1479 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru, born in Amritsar, Punjab, India (d. 1574)
  • 1546 Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician, born in St Mary the Great, Cambridge, England (d. 1623)
  • 1557 Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing, Baron of Montigny and Marquis of Renty, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1590)
  • 1635 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant indiscreet), born in Paris (d. 1688)
  • 1741 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), born near Churchville, Maryland (d. 1810)

Leopold IILeopold II (1747-1792)

Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1764 Robert Craufurd, British general, born in Newark Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1812)
  • 1800 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1886)
  • 1811 John William Draper, British-American scientist, chemist, and early photographer, born in St. Helens, Lancashire, England (d. 1882)
  • 1813 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1855)
  • 1815 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1817 George Washington Julian, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Centerville, Indiana (d. 1899)

Karl MarxKarl Marx (1818-1883)

German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia

  • 1823 James Allen Hardie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1826 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1830 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • 1832 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), born in Granville, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, born in Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)
  • 1834 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1846 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1849 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • 1862 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • 1863 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)

Nellie BlyNellie Bly (1865-1922)

American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), born in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania

  • 1866 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist, born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1938)
  • 1873 Leon Czolgosz, American anarchist and assassin of US President William McKinley, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1901)
  • 1882 Douglas Mawson, Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and educator, born in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, born in Colchester, Essex, England (d. 1950)
  • 1885 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State) (d. 1951)
  • 1887 Geoffrey Fisher, Baron Fisher of Lambeth, Archbishop of Canterbury (1945-61), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 1972)
  • 1887 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy officer (Captain of USS West Virginia), WWI veteran, and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Vernon, Utah Territory (d. 1941)
  • 1890 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1957)
  • 1900 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1903 James Beard, American culinary expert and author (Delights & Prejudices), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National & Black Front, born in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1905 Robert Houben, Belgian politician (Minister of Public health 1958), born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Kenneth Muir, English scholar, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • 1908 Kurt Böhme, German bass, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet (Clouded Sky), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1910 William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WWII)
  • 1911 Philip Manson-Bahr, English zoologist and specialist in tropical medicine, born in Wavertree, Liverpool, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Richard Rovere, American political journalist (Goldwater Caper), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1979)
  • 1916 Zail Singh, Indian politician (7th President of India 1982-87), born in Sandhwan, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967), born in Elaiohori, Greece (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)

Arthur Leonard SchawlowArthur Leonard Schawlow (1921-1999)

American physicist who shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, born in Mount Vernon, New York

  • 1923 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leo Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1978)
  • 1925 Mykola Plaviuk, Ukrainian president (1978-81), born in Rusiv, Ukraine (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Michael J. Adams, USAF pilot (X-15), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Greg [Michel Régnier], Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • 1937 Rob Van Gennep, Dutch publisher, born in Wassenaar, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1939 James R. Jones, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1945 Rodney H. Pardey, American poker player (2 x World Series of Poker C'ships; World Series of Poker Bracelets 1991, 94), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2020)
  • 1955 Robert Feld, National Scrabble Champion (1990), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1958 Ron Arad, Israeli Air Force weapon systems officer (WSO) who is officially classified as missing in action since October 1986, born in Hod HaSharon, Israel
  • 1961 Mike Dunleavy, American politician, Governor of Alaska (2018-), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1970 Naomi Klein, Canadian author (This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate) and activist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1970 Soheil Ayari, French-Iranian racer, born in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie, France
  • 1988 Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (attempting to become the youngest person to fly a light utility aircraft across the United States), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Tatiana Celia Kennedy Schlossberg, American daughter of Caroline, born in NYC, New York