Birthdays in History on May 9

  • 1147 Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese founder of bakufu and 1st shogun, born in Atsuta (d. 1199)
  • 1265 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), born in Florence, Republic of Florence (d. 1321)
  • 1540 Maharana Pratap, Rajput king of Mewar (1572-1597), born in Kumbhargal Fort, Mewar (d. 1597)
  • 1596 Abraham van Diepenbeeck, Dutch painter, baptized in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1675)
  • 1738 John Wolcot, English satirist (Peter Pindar), baptized in Dodbrooke, Kingsbridge, Devon (d. 1819)
  • 1783 Alexander Ross, Canadian fur trader, born in Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1856)
  • 1785 James Pollard Espy, American meteorologist (Philosophy of Storms), born in Pennsylvania (d. 1860)
  • 1793 Johannes Cornelis de Jonge, Dutch historian and archivist, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1853)
  • 1796 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), born in Benningen am Neckar, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1845)

John BrownJohn Brown (1800-1859)

American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), born in Torrington, Connecticut

  • 1801 Samuel Cousins, English mezzotint engraver, born in Exeter, Devon, England (d. 1887)
  • 1810 Louis Gallait, Belgian historical painter (Egmont & Receiver), born in Tournai, Hainaut, Belgium (d. 1887)
  • 1810 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, born in Berlin (d. 1883)
  • 1824 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1860 J.M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), born in Kirriemuir, Angus (d. 1937)
  • 1866 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Indian social reformer and leader of Indian Independence Movement, born in Kotluk, Dist. Ratnagiri, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1915)
  • 1873 Anton Cermak, American politician (44th Mayor of Chicago, 1931-33), born in Kladno, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)

Howard CarterHoward Carter (1873-1939)

British archaeologist and egyptologist who found King Tutankhamun's tomb, born in London

  • 1873 Lilian Mary Baylis, English theatrical manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater), born in London (d. 1937)
  • 1882 George Barker, American portrait and landscape painter, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

Henry J. KaiserHenry J. Kaiser (1882-1967)

American ship builder and industrialist (Liberty Ships, Jeep, Boulder/Hoover Dam; Kaiser Broadcasting), born in Sprout Brook, New York

  • 1886 Francis Biddle, 58th United States Attorney General (1941-45), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • 1887 Jules Van de Leene, Belgian painter, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • 1888 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director, born in Stockholm (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, born in Villa Pianore, Tuscany, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1893 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist (inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector) and writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman), born in Saugus, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1895 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Dogmatic Aeon), born in Lámkerék, Szeben County, Austria-Hungary (d. 1961)
  • 1903 Walter Dehmel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1960)
  • 1906 Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats)
  • 1907 Baldur von Schirach, German writer/nazi politician (Frame)
  • 1907 Kathryn Kuhlman, famed evangelist (d. 1976)
  • 1908 Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (d. 2007)
  • 1910 Barbara Woodhouse, dog training expert
  • 1911 Harry Simeone, choral director (Kate Smith Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1912 Per Imerslund, "The aryan idol" (d. 1943)
  • 1913 John Hayes, British Naval Officer and Naval Secretary, born in Southcote, Bermuda (d. 1998)
  • 1913 Victor Smith, Admiral (Australian Chiefs of Staff)
  • 1914 Josef Muller-Brockmann, graphic designer/writer
  • 1914 Theodore Kheel, labor negotiator (Fair Employment Practices)
  • 1915 Richard Janvrin, British vice admiral
  • 1916 cc
  • 1918 Orville Freeman, (Sen-D-Mn)/Sec of Agriculture (1961-69), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1920 Richard Adams, English author (Watership Down), born in Newbury (d. 2016)
  • 1920 William Tenn, American author
  • 1921 Daniel Berrigan, American Jesuit priest and peace activist (Vietnam War), born in Virginia, Minnesota (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Mona Van Duyn, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), born in Forchtenberg, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1924 Bulat S Okudzjava, Russian author (Student!)
  • 1924 Gerard Wernars, Dutch graphic designer (Library stamps 1991)
  • 1925 Peter Leng, Master General of the Ordnance
  • 1926 Francis Kennedy, British diplomat
  • 1926 Joshua Hassan, chief minister (Gibralter)
  • 1926 Robin Cooke, pres (NZ Court of Appeal)
  • 1927 John McDermott, Lord Justice of Appeal (Northern Ireland)
  • 1927 Manfred Eigen, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1928 Ralph Goings, American painter
  • 1929 Anthony Lloyd, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1931 Alistair MacFarlane, Engineer and principal (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • 1931 Vance DeVoe Brand, American USN officer and aviator, and NASA astronaut (Apollo 18; STS-5, -41-B & -35), born in Longmont, Colorado
  • 1932 David Plastow, CEO (Medical Research Council)
  • 1932 Gavin Lyall, British author (Conduct of Major Maxim, The Secret Servant), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire (d. 2003)
  • 1932 J. Alex McMillan, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-95), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1934 John Robertson, deputy chairman (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • 1934 Roy Massey, Master of Choristers (Hereford Cathedral)
  • 1935 Roger Hargreaves, English author and illustrator of children's books (Mr. Men and Little Miss), born in Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire (d. 1988)
  • 1937 José Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • 1938 Charles Simic Yugoslavian-born poet, 15th Poet Laureate of the United States
  • 1938 Geoffrey Holland, civil servant
  • 1939 Kenneth Warby, fastest man on water at 300 knots (345 mph)
  • 1941 Jan Dibbets, sculptor/artist (Dutch Mountains)
  • 1942 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • 1943 Emile Ardolino, American Emmy and Academy Award-winning director (He Makes Me Feel Like Dancin'; Dirty Dancing; Sister Act), born in Queens, New York City (d. 1993)
  • 1944 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • 1948 Hans Georg Bock, German mathematician
  • 1949 Oleg Yuriyevich Atkov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-10)
  • 1953 Scott McInnis, American politician who apologised for plagiarism (Rep-R-Colorado 1993-2005), born in Glenwood Springs
  • 1955 Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian politician (President, 1991-95; Prime Minister, 1995-2012), born in Adwa, Ethiopian Empire (d. 2012)
  • 1957 Fred Markham, 1st man to pedal a bike 65 mph
  • 1965 Ken Nomura, Japanese auto racer (D1 Grand Prix 2006, 08 runner-up), born in Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1968 Scott Pruitt, American politician (EPA head 2017-18), born in Danville, Kentucky
  • 1971 Nicolas Ghesquière, French fashion designer (Louis Vuitton), born in Comines, France