On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 1

  • 846 Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (877-79) (d. 879)
  • 1339 Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1358-65), born in Vienna (d. 1365)
  • 1351 Leopold III, Duke of Austria (1365-68), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1500 Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor, goldsmith and author (Perseus), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1571)
  • 1526 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1583)
  • 1530 Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer, born in Sarlat-la-Canéda, Périgord, France (d. 1563)
  • 1539 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (Les Libertés de l’église gallicane), born in Troyes, France (d. 1596)
  • 1567 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish diplomat, born in Astorga, Spain (d. 1626)
  • 1578 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), born in Klin County, Moscow Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1642)
  • 1585 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • 1607 Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1658)
  • 1611 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander, born in Piedmont, Italy (d. 1656)
  • 1629 St. Oliver Plunkett, Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and last Catholic martyr to die in England, born in Loughcrew, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1681)
  • 1636 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic, born in Paris (d. 1711)
  • 1643 John Strype, English historian and biographer, born in Houndsditch, London (d. 1737)
  • 1704 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (editor of Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1779)

  • 1720 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral, born in Rennes, France (d. 1791)
  • 1727 Ivan Shuvalov, 1st Russian Minister of Education and founder of the Moscow University, born in Moscow (d. 1797)
  • 1757 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)

Person of interestSpencer Perceval

1762 Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1809-12), born in London (d. 1812)

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • 1778 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), born in Stockholm Palace, Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1782 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), born in Skelton-on-Ure, Yorkshire, England (d. 1859)
  • 1798 Benjamin Guinness, Irish brewer and philanthropist, born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • 1808 John Taylor, American religious leader (3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), born in Milnthorpe, Westmorland, England (d. 1887)
  • 1815 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), born in Danielsville, Georgia (d. 1878)
  • 1815 Douglas H. Cooper, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amite County, Mississippi (d. 1879)
  • 1825 Joseph B. Palmer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1890)
  • 1835 Godfrey Weitzel, German-American Major General (Union Army), born in Pirmasens, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1838 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, born in Lithang (d. 1856)
  • 1853 José Santos Zelaya, President of Nicaragua (1893-1910), born in Managua, Nicaragua (d. 1919)
  • 1859 Charles Brantley Aycock, 50th Governor of North Carolina (1901-05), born in Wayne County, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • 1860 Boies Penrose, American politician (U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (1897-1921)), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1921)

Person of interestStephen Crane

1871 Stephen Crane, American novelist (Red Badge of Courage), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1900)

Novelist Stephen Crane
Novelist
Stephen Crane

Person of interestCarlos Saavedra Lamas

1878 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1959)

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • 1878 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter, born in Hellenurme Manor, Elva Parish, Governorate of Livonia (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Pal Teleki-von Szek, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1941)

Person of interestAlfred Wegener

1880 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1880 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • 1886 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • 1887 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, born in Stretford, England (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Philip Noel-Baker, British politician and disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959), born in London (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Edmund Blunden, English poet and critic (Undertones of War), born in London (d. 1974)
  • 1897 Naomi Mitchison, Scottish author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1999)
  • 1902 Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, dramatist and novelist (The Defeat), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1943)
  • 1903 Gerard Nabrink, Dutch anarchist and co-founder (NVSH), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1903 Jean Tardieu, French dramatist, born in St Germain de Joux (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Edward "Carji" Greeves, Australian Rules Football midfielder (winner inaugural Brownlow Medal 1924), born in Warragul, Victoria (d. 1963)
  • 1905 Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian abstract painter, born in Saint-Hilaire, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • 1907 Terence Cuneo, English artist (official artist for the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Henri Troyat, Russian-French author and historian, born in Moscow (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Donald William Kerst, American Physicist who developed the betatron (device to accelerate electron beams), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1917 Clarence E. Miller, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1967-93), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • 1917 Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American visual artist and co-founder of DuSable Museum of African American History, born in St. Rose, Louisiana (d. 2010)
  • 1917 Zenna Henderson, American sci-fi author (Anything Box), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1983)
  • 1921 Ilse Aichinger, Austrian writer (Die größere Hoffnung), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
  • 1923 Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American sci-fi author (Genetic General), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Robert Rapoport, American social anthropologist, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, born in Isparta, Atabey (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Nicholas Mavroules, American politician (Rep-D-MA, 1979-93), born in Peabody, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Rudy Kousbroek, Dutch writer and literary (Leopold the Buch), born in Pematang Siantar, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies (d. 2010)
  • 1930 A. R. Gurney, American playwright (The Dining Room), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Aat Veldhoen, Dutch artist, born in Amsterdam
  • 1934 Hugh Bidwell, 662nd Lord Mayor of London (1989-90) (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Umberto Agnelli, Italian automotive executive (Fiat), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine (d. 2003)

Person of interestCharles Koch

1935 Charles Koch, American businessman and philanthropist (Koch Industries billionaire), born in Wichita, Kansas

CEO of Koch Industries Charles Koch
CEO of Koch Industries
Charles Koch
  • 1939 Barbara Bosson, American actress (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman), born in Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania
  • 1940 Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, 35th Chief Justice of India, born in Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 1941 Alfio Basile, Argentine football coach, born in Bahía Blanca, Argentina
  • 1942 John Spratt, American politician (Rep-D-SC, 1983-2011), born in Charlotte, North Carolina

Person of interestLarry Flynt

1942 Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher (Hustler), born in Lakeville, Kentucky

Magazine Publisher Larry Flynt
Magazine Publisher
Larry Flynt
  • 1944 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia 2011-13, born in Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
  • 1946 Yuko Shimizu, Japanese illustrator (creator of Hello Kitty), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1949 Michael D. Griffin, American aerospace engineer and NASA chief administrator, born in Aberdeen, Maryland
  • 1950 Tony Hymphris, political activist
  • 1953 Jan Davis, American astronaut (STS 47, 60, 85), born in Cocoa Beach, Florida
  • 1958 Jim Steinmeyer, American inventor and designer of magical illusions, born in Oak Park, Illinois

Person of interestTim Cook

1960 Tim Cook, American businessman (CEO of Apple Inc. 2011-), born in Mobile, Alabama

CEO of Apple Tim Cook
CEO of Apple
Tim Cook
  • 1961 Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish writer and novelist (Stjärnor utan svindel)
  • 1966 Jeremy Hunt, British politician and Foreign Secretary (2018-), born in London, England
  • 1966 Willie D., American hip hop artist (Geto Boys), born in The 5th Ward, Houston, Texas
  • 1967 Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer, born in Zaandam, Netherlands