Birthdays in History on November 11

  • 995 Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress as wife of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II (d. 1041)

Henry IVHenry IV (1050-1106)

Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105), born in Goslar, Kaiserpfalz

  • 1154 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1212)
  • 1155 Alfonso VIII the Noble, King of Castile and Toledo (1158-1214), born in Soria, Spain (d. 1214)
  • 1220 Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France, born in Poissy, France (d. 1271)
  • 1484 Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish friar and social historian, born in Seville, Crown of Castile (d. 1566)
  • 1493 Bernardo Tasso, Italian courtier and poet, born in Bergamo, Venice (d. 1569)

ParacelsusParacelsus (1493-1541)

Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, Laudanum), born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland

  • 1523 Joachim Hopperus, Frisian lawyer and politician, born in Sneek, Friesland (d. 1576)
  • 1569 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist, born in Lauingen, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1611)
  • 1579 Frans Snyders, Flemish painter of animals, born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1657)
  • 1599 Prince Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman, Duke of Amalfi, and field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Florence, Florentine Republic (now Italy) (d. 1656)
  • 1633 George Savile, 1st marquis of Halifax and author (Character of a Trimmer), born in Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1695)
  • 1636 Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar of Qing dynasty, born in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (d. 1704)
  • 1657 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1737)
  • 1668 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1736)
  • 1679 Firmin Abauzit, French scholar and scientist, born in Uzès, Kingdom of France (d. 1767)
  • 1724 Willem Arnold Alting, Dutch governor-general of Dutch East Indies (1780-97), born in Groningen, Dutch Republic (d. 1800)
  • 1736 Johann Heinrich Schepp, German-Dutch stamp engraver, born in Diez, Germany (d. after 1791)
  • 1743 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist, born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1828)
  • 1748 Carlos IV (English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), born in Portici, Italy (d. 1819)
  • 1771 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), born in Rockbridge, Virginia (d. 1830)
  • 1785 Diponegoro, Javanese prince who opposed Dutch colonial rule and Indonesian national hero, born in Yogyakarta (d. 1855)
  • 1791 Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor, born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1855)
  • 1792 Mary Anne Disraeli, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli, born in Brampford Speke, Devon, England (d. 1872)
  • 1811 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1862)

Fyodor DostoyevskyFyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881)

Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, born in Moscow, Russian Empire

  • 1836 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American editor and writer (The Story of a Bad Boy), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire (d. 1907)
  • 1852 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1858 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, born in Gavrontsi, Russian Empire (d. 1884)
  • 1863 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1864 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), born in Chili, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • 1868 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, born in Cuiseaux, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 1940)

Victor Emmanuel IIIVictor Emmanuel III (1869-1947)

King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples

  • 1870 Nils Kjær, Norwegian playwright (Det evige Savn), born in Holmestrand, Norway (d. 1924)
  • 1872 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Leominster, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1875 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • 1882 Gustav VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1950-73), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1973)

George S. PattonGeorge S. Patton (1885-1945)

American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California

  • 1888 Abul Kalam Azad, 1st Minister of Education in the Indian government, born in Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Alceu Amoroso Lima, Brazilian essayist, activist and founder of the Brazilian Christian Democracy, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1983)
  • 1895 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, born in Frankfort, Ohio (d. 1955)
  • 1897 Gordon Allport, American psychologist (personalities), born in Montezuma, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • 1898 Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, German Jesuit priest and Buddhism Zen teacher, born in Nieheim, Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1990)
  • 1900 Hugh Scott, American lawyer and politician (Senate Minority Leader 1969-77), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • 1901 F. Van Wyck Mason, American historian and author (Three Harbours), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • 1903 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University) (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Thomas Allibone, English physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2003)
  • 1904 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), born in Madras, India (d. 1960)
  • 1905 Israel Aaron Maisels, South African lawyer and communal leader, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)

Joseph Gilbert HamiltonJoseph Gilbert Hamilton (1907-1957)

American physician who was a pioneer of using radioactive isotopes in disease treatment and diagnosis, born in Waverley, Massachusetts

  • 1910 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)

Raemer SchreiberRaemer Schreiber (1910-1998)

American physicist (Manhattan Project) who helped develop the first atomic bomb during World War II and prepared the Fat Man bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki, born in McMinnville, Oregon

  • 1912 Cissie Charlton, English football matriarch (mother of Bobby Charlton), born in Ashington, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), born in Laredo, Texas (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Daisy Bates, American civil rights activist and publisher, born in Huttig, Union County Arkansas (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Henry Wade, American lawyer (Dallas County District Attorney 1951-87), born in Rockwall County, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1914 Perry Richardson Bass, American heir, investor and philanthropist, born in Wichita Falls, Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Bernhard Heiliger, German artist and sculptor, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1995)
  • 1915 William Proxmire, American politician (Sen-D-WI, 1957-88), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • 1917 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), born in Corcoran, California (d. 1983)
  • 1919 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), born in Taivalkoski, Finland (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Roy Jenkins, British MP (Labour, Liberal Democrats) and President of the European Commission (1977-81), born in Abersychan, Monmouthshire (d. 2003)
  • 1921 Terrel Bell, American politician (2nd United States Secretary of Education 1981-84), born in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho (d. 1996)

Kurt VonnegutKurt Vonnegut (1922-2007)

American author (Slaughterhouse Five, Sirens of Titan), born in Indianapolis, Indiana

  • 1924 Piet van der Sanden, Dutch journalist and politician (CDA), born in Gouda, Netherlands (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Leonard Wolfson, Baron Wolfson, English businessman and multi-millionaire
  • 1927 Maati Bouabid, Prime Minister of Morocco (1979-83), born in Casablanca, Morocco (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Carlos Fuentes, Mexican author (The Death of Artemio Cruz), born in Panama City, Panama (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Edward Zorinsky, American (Sen-D-NB, 1976-88), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1987)
  • 1929 Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German writer, born in Kaufbeuren, Germany
  • 1929 Olle Nygren, Swedish speedway rider (World Team Cup 1960; World C'ship 1954 3rd; World Longtrack C'ship 1961 runner-up), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2021)
  • 1930 Hugh Everett, American physicist (many-worlds-interpretation of quantum physics), born in Washington D.C. (d. 1982)
  • 1930 Kenneth Fleetwood, English fashion designer (Hardy Amies, dressed Queen Elizabeth II), born in Wigan, England (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Pete Stark, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1973-2013), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2020)
  • 1937 Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician, radio broadcaster, and diplomat, born in Ottawa, Ontario

Daniel OrtegaDaniel Ortega (77 years old)

1945 Nicaraguan politician (President of Nicaragua, 1985-90, 2007-), born in La Libertad, Nicaragua

  • 1946 Corrine Brown, American politician convicted on corruption charges (Rep-D-Florida 1993-2017), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1946 Vladimir Alekseyevich Soloviyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-10, T-15, TM-10), born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Callum Alexander MacDonald, Scottish historian, born in Eaglesham, Renfrewshire (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Pat "Dirty" Daugherty, American rocker (Black Oak Arkansas)
  • 1950 Mircea Dinescu, Romanian poet, born in Slobozia, Romania
  • 1951 Kim Peek, American megasavant (inspired Rain Man film character), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • 1953 Kostas Skandalidis, Greek politician, born in Kos, Greece
  • 1954 Mary Gaitskill, American writer, born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1955 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972-2006), born in Thimphu, Bhutan
  • 1959 Lee Haney, American bodybuilder (8x Mr. Olympia), born in Fairburn, Georgia
  • 1961 Yuri Milner, Russian physicist and entrepreneur, established the Breakthrough Prize, born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1965 Brian Wilson, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in NYC, New York
  • 1970 Lee Battersby, Australian sci-fi and horror author, born in Nottingham, England
  • 1970 Lee Parkin Starkey, British fashion designer, and daughter of Ringo Starr and his first wife Maureen, born in London, England
  • 1981 Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Luxembourg City
  • 1982 Brittny Gastineau, American socialite (Brüno), born in New York City
  • 1987 Yuya Tegoshi, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS and Tegomass), born in Yokohama, Japan