Birthdays in History on November 12

  • 1493 Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
  • 1528 Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (Ming Dynasty general who led defense against Wokou pirates and the Great Wall), born in Luqiao (d. 1588)
  • 1547 Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575). 2nd daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici

Jeanne ManceJeanne Mance (1606-1673)

French-Canadian settler who founded the first hospital in North America (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal), born in Langres, France

  • 1615 Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
  • 1651 Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexican poet, nun and feminist (Primero Sueno), born in San Miguel Nepantla, new Spain (d. 1695)
  • 1729 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French admiral and explorer (Falkland Islands, Bougainville Island), born in Paris, France (d. 1811)
  • 1746 Jacques Charles [Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles], French inventor and balloonist, (with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon), born in Beaugency, France (d. 1823)

TiradentesTiradentes (1746-1792)

Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, born in Fazenda do Pombal, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil

  • 1755 Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussia general and Minister of War (1808-10) who reformed the Prussian army, born in Bordenau, Electorate of Hanover, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1813)
  • 1757 Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus], Dutch poet, born in Vlissingen, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • 1786 John Burke, Irish genealogist (Burke's Peerage) (d. 1848)
  • 1790 Letitia Christian Tyler, American 1st wife of President Tyler, born in Cedar Grove, Virginia (d. 1842)

Elizabeth Cady StantonElizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902)

American women's rights activist, abolitionist and writer, born in Johnstown, New York

  • 1817 Bahá'u'lláh, Prophet Founder of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1831 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austrian botanist (d. 1898)

Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin (1840-1917)

French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France

John William StruttJohn William Strutt (1841-1919)

3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England

  • 1848 Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
  • 1853 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), born in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria (d. 1921)

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen (1866-1925)

Chinese revolutionary and father of modern China, born in Xiangshan [now Zhongshan], Guangdong, Qing Dynasty

  • 1881 Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1881 Olev Siinmaa, Estonian 'Functionalist' architect (Pärnu Beach Hotel), born in Pärnu< Governate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1886 Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Rad Kortenhorst, Dutch politician (KVP) (d. 1963)
  • 1889 DeWitt Wallace, American publisher who founded Readers Digest, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1981)
  • 1891 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1963)
  • 1896 Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist 'Birdman of India', born in Bombay, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Abraham van Oosten, Dutch poet and author (His Master's Voice), born in Shafts, Netherlands (d. 1969)

Amon GöthAmon Göth (1908-1946)

Austrian SS commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp, born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1908 Hans Werner Richter, German author (Socially Responsible Cinema, Gruppe 47), born in Neu Sallenthin, Usedom (d. 1993)
  • 1908 Harry Blackmun, American lawyer and jurist (100th Supreme Court justice 1970-94), born in Nashville, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Luc Estang [Lucien Bastard], French writer (Stigmates), born in Paris, France (d. 1992)
  • 1911 Pennar Davies, Welsh poet, author and theologian, born in Mountain Ash, Wales (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Edward "Henricus" Schillebeeckx, Belgian Catholic theologist (influential at Second Vatican Council), born in Antwerp, Belgian (d. 2009)
  • 1915 Roland Barthes, French literary critic (L'Empire des Signer) (d. 1980)
  • 1917 Joseph Coors, American CEO (Adolph Coors Co Brewery), born in Golden, Colorado (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Audouin Dollfus, French Astronomer (discovered Janus, a moon of Saturn), born in Paris, France (d. 2010)
  • 1926 Jack Ryan, American inventor at Mattel (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels, Chatty Cathy) (d. 1991)
  • 1927 Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
  • 1928 Johan Polak, Dutch publisher and publicist (Bloom of Decadence)
  • 1929 Michael Ende, German fantasy and children's writer (The Neverending Story), born in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Tonke Dragt, Dutch children's author (Towers of February), born in Jakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • 1931 Norman Mineta, American politician and 1st cabinet member of Asian descent (Secretary of Transportation, 2001-06; US Representative (D)-CA, 1975-95), born in San Jose, California (d. 2022)

Jalal TalabaniJalal Talabani (1933-2017)

Iraqi-Kurdish politician and President of Iraq (2005-2014), born in Kelkan, Iraq

Charles MansonCharles Manson (1934-2017)

American criminal, murderer and cult leader (Manson Family), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

  • 1937 Richard H. Truly, American Rear Admiral, astronaut (STS T-2, T-4, 2, 8) and Head of NASA (1989-92), born in Fayette, Mississippi
  • 1938 Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (1995-2005), born in Ndanda, Tanganyika (d. 2020)
  • 1940 Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician and journalist, born in Offenburg, Germany
  • 1940 Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician, born in Jonquière, Quebec
  • 1940 Ria Hoogeweegen, Dutch wife of Dutch premier Ruud Lubbers, born in Rotterdam
  • 1944 Johan van Doorn [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • 1945 Michael Bishop, American sci-fi author (Nebula, Stolen Faces), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • 1945 Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author (The Soul of a New Machine), born in New York City

Hassan RouhaniHassan Rouhani (74 years old)

1948 Iranian politician (President of Iran 2013-), born in Sorkheh, Semnan

  • 1949 Jack Reed, American politician (Senator-D-Rhode Island 1997-, Rep-D-Rhode Island 1991-97), born in Cranston, Rhode Island
  • 1952 Ronald Burkle, American entrepreneur (Yucaipa Companies), born in Pomona, California
  • 1957 Tim Samaras, American tornado chaser (Storm Chasers),, born in Lakewood, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1958 Nick Stellino, Italian-American television chef
  • 1960 Bertice Berry, American talk show host (Bertice)
  • 1962 Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1962 Neal Shusterman, American author (Challenger Deep), born in New York City
  • 1963 Damon Galgut, South African playwright and writer (2021 Booker Prize), born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1964 Michael Kremer, American economist (2019 Nobel Prize for Economics), born in New York City
  • 1969 Ian Bremmer, American political scientist, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1969 Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1973 Mayte Garcia, American dancer, born in Fort Rucker, Alabama
  • 1983 Steve Huffman, American web developer (CEO and co-founder of Reddit), born in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1987 Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Edmonton, Canada