Birthdays in History on November 14

  • 1511 Janus Secundus, Dutch born new Latin poet (Basia), born in The Hague (d. 1536)
  • 1567 Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (d. 1625)
  • 1601 Jean Eudes, French missionary (d. 1680)

William IIIWilliam III (1650-1702)

William of Orange, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic

  • 1740 Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven's father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • 1746 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal (served Pius VII), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1822)

Robert FultonRobert Fulton (1765-1815)

American inventor and engineer (first commercial steamboat), born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania

Marie Francois Xavier BichatMarie Francois Xavier Bichat (1771-1802)

French anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris

  • 1776 Henri Dutrochet, French physiologist (discovered & named process of osmosis), born in Néon, France (d. 1847)
  • 1779 Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)

Charles LyellCharles Lyell (1797-1875)

Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland

  • 1802 August Pott, German philologist (Etymology Forschungen), born in Nettelrede, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1803 Jacob Abbott, American writer (d. 1879)
  • 1812 Maria Christina of Savoy, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1836)
  • 1814 Michael Kelly Lawler, Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in County Kildare, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1822 William Harrow, American lawyer and a controversial Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1872)
  • 1823 Robert Fruin, Dutch historian (80 year war), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1899)
  • 1827 Isaac Wistar, American lawyer, author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1905)
  • 1828 James Birdseye MacPherson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Clyde, Ohio (d. 1864)
  • 1838 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Zlatarevo zlato), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1881)

Claude MonetClaude Monet (1840-1926)

French impressionist painter (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France

  • 1842 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d. 1959)
  • 1845 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), born in Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1918)
  • 1859 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general (Battle of Tennenberg), born in Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Frederick Jackson Turner, American historian and educator (known for his "frontier thesis"), born in Portage, Wisconsin (d. 1932)

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland (1863-1944)

Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium

  • 1875 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • 1875 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Conrad Pilater), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1944)
  • 1877 René de Clerq, Flemish poet and author (Emergency Horn), born in Deerlijk, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1878 Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • 1878 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • 1883 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek politician and general (Prime Minister of Greece 1945, 50, 51-52), born in Karditsa, Greece (d. 1953)
  • 1885 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)

1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, born in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting (1891-1941)

Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Alliston, Ontario

  • 1893 Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian engineer and writer (Madonna dei filosofi), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1973)
  • 1894 Harold Collett Dent, British journalist and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1895 Walter Freeman, American physician (d. 1972)
  • 1896 Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (1953-61), born in Boone, Iowa (d. 1979)
  • 1897 John Steuart Curry, American painter and lithographer (Baptism in Kansas), born in Dunavant, Kansas (d. 1946)
  • 1900 Clara Fasano, Italian-American sculptor, born in Castellaneta, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1904 Marya Mannes, American author (The Reporter), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1905 Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian author and journalist (founded news agency Antara), born in Muara Sipongi, Tapanuli, Dutch East Indies (d. 1968)
  • 1906 Louise Brooks, American silent screen star (American Venus, Pandora's Box), born in Cherryvale, Kansas (d. 1985)
  • 1907 Astrid Lindgren, Swedish children book author (Pippi Longstocking), born in Vimmerby, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1907 Howard William Hunter, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Boise, Idaho (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Pedro Arrupe, Spanish Jesuit priest (1st responder after the bombing of Hiroshima), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1991)
  • 1908 Harrison Salisbury, American journalist and author (New York Times correspondent in Moscow), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1993)

Joseph McCarthyJoseph McCarthy (1909-1957)

American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin

  • 1910 Eric Malpass, English writer (Pentecost family books), born in Derby, England (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Norman MacCaig, Scottish poet, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Barbara Hutton 'poor little rich girl', American heiress (Woolworth fortune), born in New York City (d. 1979)
  • 1914 Florentine Rost van Tonningen-Heubel, Dutch black widow and Nazi supporter (d. 2007)
  • 1915 Edward Digby Baltzell, American Ivy League sociologist (coined term WASP), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Johnny Desmond, singer (Your Hit Parade), born in Detroit, Michigan

Boutros Boutros-GhaliBoutros Boutros-Ghali (1922-2016)

Egyptian politician and 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992- 96), born in Cairo, Egypt

  • 1924 Arthur Frank "Peter" Shore, egyptologist
  • 1924 Kenneth J. Gray, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1955-74, 85-89), born in West Frankfort, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Sir Lawrence "Lawrie" Barratt, British businessman and housing developer (Barratt Developments), born in England (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Horst Janssen, German graphic artist and printmaker, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Dame Elisabeth Frink, Thurlow, Suffolk, English sculptor and printmaker
  • 1930 Edward H White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1930 Ham Kee-yong, South Korean runner (Boston Marathon 1950), born in Chuncheon, South Korea (d. 2022)
  • 1930 Ornelio Martina, Antillian author/governor of Curacao
  • 1930 Pierre Bergé, French industrialist and co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House, born in Oléron, France (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Claudia Jane Archibald, parapsychologist
  • 1933 Fred W Haise Jr, American USAF officer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut (Apollo 13; STS-T-1, -T-3, -T-5), born in Biloxi, Mississippi
  • 1935 Gennadi Aleksandrovich Dolgopolov, cosmonaut
  • 1935 Hussein ibn Talal, King of Jordan (1952-99), born in Amman, Jordan (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Jakusho Kwong, head of Sonoma Mountain Zen Center, born in Santa Rosa, California
  • 1941 Hermanus J Kriel, South African minister of Planning (1989- )
  • 1943 Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • 1944 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • 1945 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady (d. 2005)

P. J. O'RourkeP. J. O'Rourke (1947-2022)

American journalist and satirist (Parliament of Whores; National Lampoon), born in Toledo, Ohio

Charles IIICharles III (74 years old)

1948 King of the United Kingdom (2022-) Prince of Wales (1958-2022), born in London, England

  • 1948 Jacob Kohnstamm, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior (D66, 1994-)
  • 1949 Terry Lee Johnson, Alabama, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1953 Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France

Condoleezza RiceCondoleezza Rice (68 years old)

1954 1st female African-American U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09), born in Birmingham, Alabama

  • 1956 Kenneth D Bowersox, Portsmouth Va, USN/astro (STS 50, 61, 73, 82)
  • 1957 Michael J. Fitzgerald, American technical writer and novelist (Song of Falling Leaves), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2021)

Bryan StevensonBryan Stevenson (63 years old)

1959 American social justice activist and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, born in Milton, Delaware

  • 1962 Stefano Gabbana, Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1964 Bill Hemmer, American television news reporter
  • 1974 Adam Walsh, American murder victim (d. 1981)