On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 14

  • 1511 Janus Secundus, neo latin poet (Basia)
  • 1567 Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (d. 1625)
  • 1601 Jean Eudes, French missionary (d. 1680)

Person of interestWilliam III

1650 William III, William of Orange, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1702)

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1740 Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven's father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • 1746 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal

Person of interestRobert Fulton

1765 Robert Fulton, American inventor and engineer (first commercial steamboat), born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania (d. 1815)

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

Person of interestMarie Francois Xavier Bichat

1771 Marie François Xavier bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris (d. 1802)

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • 1776 Henri Dutrochet, discovered & named process of osmosis
  • 1779 Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)

Person of interestCharles Lyell

1797 Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland (d. 1875)

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • 1802 August F Pott, German philologist (Etymology Forschungen)
  • 1803 Jacob Abbott, American writer (d. 1879)
  • 1812 Maria Christina of Savoy, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1836)
  • 1814 Michael Kelly Lawler, Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in County Kildare, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1822 William Harrow, American lawyer and a controversial Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1872)

  • 1823 Robert J Fruin, historian (80 year war)
  • 1827 Isaac Wistar, American lawyer, author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1905)
  • 1828 James Birdseye MacPherson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Clyde, Ohio (d. 1864)
  • 1838 August Senoa, Croatian author (Zlatarevo zlato)

Person of interestClaude Monet

1840 Claude Monet [Oscar-Claude], French impressionist painter (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 1842 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d. 1959)
  • 1845 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), born in Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1918)
  • 1859 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general (Battle of Tennenberg), born in Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Frederick Jackson Turner, Wisc, historian/educator (Harvard U)

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

1863 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1944)

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Leo Baekeland
  • 1875 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer: Conrad Pilater
  • 1875 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • 1877 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/author (Emergency Horn)
  • 1878 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • 1883 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek premier (1945, 50, 51-52)
  • 1885 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)

Person of interestJawaharlal Nehru

1889 Jawaharlal Nehru, 1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, born in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India (d. 1964)

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

Person of interestFrederick Banting

1891 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Alliston, Ontario (d. 1941)

  • 1893 Carlo E Gadda, Italian engineer/writer (Madonna dei filosofi)

  • 1893 Evert S J Kruythoff, Ned Antillean author (conservation flora)
  • 1893 Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian writer, born in Milan (d. 1973)
  • 1894 Harold Collett Dent, journalist/educationist
  • 1895 Walter Freeman, American physician (d. 1972)
  • 1896 Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (1953-61), born in Boone, Iowa (d. 1979)
  • 1897 John Steuart Curry, American painter/lithographer (Baptism in Kansas)
  • 1900 Clara Fasano, sculptor
  • 1904 Marya Mannes, American author (The Reporter), born in NYC, New York
  • 1905 L H Ruitenberg, vicar/editor in chief (Reformed of Netherlands)
  • 1905 Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian author
  • 1906 Louise Brooks, silent screen star (American Venus, Pandora's Box)
  • 1907 Astrid Lindgren, Swedish children book author (Pipi Longstocking)
  • 1907 Howard William Hunter, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Boise, Idaho (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Pedro Arrupe, Spanish priest/Jesuit
  • 1908 Harrison E Salisbury, journalist/author (50th Anniv of Soviet Union)

Person of interestJoseph McCarthy

1909 Joseph McCarthy, American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin (d. 1957)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1910 Eric Lawson Malpass, writer
  • 1910 Norman MacCaig, Scottish poet, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Barbara Hutton, American heiress (Woolworth)
  • 1914 Eric John Crozier, producer/librettist

  • 1914 Florentine Rost van Tonningen-Heubel, Dutch black widow/Nazi
  • 1915 Edward Digby Baltzell, Ivy League sociologist
  • 1916 Sherwood Schwartz, TV creator (Brady Bunch, Gilligan Is), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • 1920 Johnny Desmond, singer (Your Hit Parade), born in Detroit, Michigan

Person of interestBoutros Boutros-Ghali

1922 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992- 96), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2016)

UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
UN Secretary-General
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
  • 1924 Arthur Frank "Peter" Shore, egyptologist
  • 1924 Kenneth J Gray, (Rep-D-IL, 1955-75, 85- )
  • 1927 Sir Lawrence "Lawrie" Barratt, British businessman and housing developer (Barratt Developments), born in England (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Horst Janssen, German graphic artist and printmaker, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Edward H White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1930 Ornelio Martina, Antillian author/governor of Curacao
  • 1930 Dame Elisabeth Frink, Thurlow, Suffolk, English sculptor and printmaker
  • 1930 Pierre Bergé, French industrialist and co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House, born in Oléron, France (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Claudia Jane Archibald, parapsychologist
  • 1933 Fred W Haise Jr, American USAF officer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut (Apollo 13; STS-T-1, -T-3, -T-5), born in Biloxi, Mississippi
  • 1935 Hussein ibn Talal, King of Jordan (1952-99), born in Amman, Jordan (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Gennadi Aleksandrovich Dolgopolov, cosmonaut
  • 1935 Hussein ibn Talal I, king of Jordan (1953- )
  • 1935 Jakusho Kwong, head of Sonoma Mountain Zen Center, born in Santa Rosa, California
  • 1941 Hermanus J Kriel, South African minister of Planning (1989- )
  • 1943 Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • 1944 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • 1945 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady (d. 2005)

Person of interestP. J. O'Rourke

1947 P. J. O'Rourke, American journalist and satirist (Parliament of Whores, Easy Money), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist and Satirist P. J. O'Rourke
Journalist and Satirist
P. J. O'Rourke

Person of interestPrince Charles

1948 Prince Charles [Charles Philip Arthur George], Prince of Wales/Duke of Cornwall, born in London

Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
  • 1948 Jacob Kohnstamm, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior (D66, 1994-)
  • 1949 Terry Lee Johnson, Alabama, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1953 Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France

Person of interestCondoleezza Rice

1954 Condoleezza Rice, 1st female African-American U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09), born in Birmingham, Alabama

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
US Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice
  • 1956 Kenneth D Bowersox, Portsmouth Va, USN/astro (STS 50, 61, 73, 82)
  • 1957 Michael J Fitzgerald, American writer

Person of interestBryan Stevenson

1959 Bryan Stevenson, American social justice activist and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, born in Milton, Delaware

Lawyer and Social Justice Activist Bryan Stevenson
Lawyer and Social Justice Activist
Bryan Stevenson
  • 1962 Stefano Gabbana, Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbano), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1964 Bill Hemmer, American television news reporter
  • 1972 Martin Pike, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 Adam Walsh, American murder victim (d. 1981)