Birthdays in History on November 15

  • 1316 Jean I, King of France and Navarre, (Nov 15-19, 1316), born in Paris (d. 1316 - he lived only 5 days)
  • 1397 Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), born in Sarzana, Republic of Genoa (d. 1455)
  • 1498 Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1558)
  • 1556 Jacques Davy Duperron, French Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Saint-Lô, Normandy, France (d. 1618)
  • 1559 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)
  • 1607 Madeleine de Scudéry, French novelist (Artamène ou le grand Cyrus), born in Le Havre, Normandy, France (d. 1701)
  • 1619 Philips Koninck, Dutch landscape painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1688)
  • 1660 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian, born in Melle, Westphalia (d. 1746)
  • 1661 Christoph von Graffenried, British peer from Switzerland who founded New Bern, Carolina, born in Worb Castle, Bern, Switzerland (d. 1743)
  • 1688 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1757)
  • 1692 Eusebius Amort, German Roman Catholic theologian, born in Bibermuehle, Bavaria (d. 1775)

William Pitt the ElderWilliam Pitt the Elder (1708-1778)

British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', born in London

William HerschelWilliam Herschel (1738-1822)

German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1741 Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss writer, philosopher and founder of physiognomics, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1801)
  • 1755 Jan Blanken, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Bergambacht, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • 1757 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), born in Glückstadt, Holstein, Germany (d. 1830)
  • 1784 Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (1807-13), born in Ajaccio, Corsica (d. 1860)
  • 1793 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), born in Épernon, France (d. 1880)
  • 1814 Pleasant Adam Hackleman, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Franklin County, Indiana (d. 1862)
  • 1815 John Banvard, American artist who painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), born in NYC, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1816 Joseph Bennett Plummer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Barre, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1829 Petrus Abraham Samuel van Limburg Brouwer, Dutch politician and critic (Akbar), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1873)
  • 1836 Pierce M. B. Young, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1840 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • 1859 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), born in Skotselv, Øvre Eiker, Norway (d. 1960)
  • 1862 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, born in Wesselburen, Holstein, Germany (d. 1945)

Gerhart HauptmannGerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946)

German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia

  • 1871 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1872 Robert de Flers, French author and playwright (Habit Vert), born in Pont-l'Évêque, France (d. 1927)

August KroghAugust Krogh (1874-1949)

Danish zoophysiologist (arterioles and capillaries, Nobel 1920), born in Grenaa, Jutland, Denmark

  • 1875 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, born in Ulihatu, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1900)
  • 1881 Franklin P. Adams, American columnist (Information Please), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Felix Frankfurter, American jurist and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1886 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)

Georgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)

American sculptor and painter (Cow's Skull, Flowers), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

  • 1887 Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1948), born in Fukuchiyama, Japan (d. 1959)
  • 1887 Marianne Moore, American poet (Pulitzer 1951, Collected Poems), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1887 René Maran, French author (Batouala, 1st black writer to win Prix Goncourt), born in Martinique (d. 1960)
  • 1890 Richmal Crompton, British author (d. 1969)

Erwin RommelErwin Rommel (1891-1944)

German World War II Field Marshal (North African campaign, Battle of Normandy) known as the Desert Fox, born in Heidenheim, Württemberg, Germany

  • 1891 W. Averell Harriman, American politician (Gov-D-NY) and ambassador to USSR (1943-46), born in New York City (d. 1986)
  • 1895 Antoni Słonimski, Polish writer (d. 1976)
  • 1895 Olga Nikolaevna, eldest daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Alexander Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1897 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • 1897 Sacheverell Sitwell, English author (People's Palace), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1988)
  • 1898 Willy Alfredo [Willem Jue], Dutch entertainer and poet (Fish-Trap) (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Avdy Andresson, Estonian statesman (d. 1990)
  • 1906 Curtis LeMay, American air force general (WWII) and VP candidate, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Claus von Stauffenberg, German antifascist colonel (attempted to assassinate Hitler), born in Jettingen, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1913 Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 Ruth Nita Barrow, 1st female Governor-General of Barbados (1990-95), born in Saint Lucy, Barbados (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • 1922 Francesco Rosi, director (Lucky Luciano), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1922 Giorgio Manganelli, writer
  • 1925 Howard Baker, (Sen-R-Tenn), presidential chief of staff
  • 1925 Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (d. 1988)
  • 1927 Gregor Mackenzie, British politician (d. 1992)
  • 1928 William Heirens, serial killer (Lipstick Killer), born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1930 J.G. Ballard, British novelist (Empire of the Sun; Crash), born in 1930 Shanghai International Settlement, Republic of China (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Olene Walker, politician (R), 1st female Governor of Utah (2003-2005), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Jan Terlouw, Dutch politician (D-66) and author (Winters in Wartime)
  • 1931 Mwai Kibaki, Kenyan politician, President of Kenya (2002-13), born in Gatuyaini, Kenya (d. 2022)
  • 1931 Pascal Lissouba, Congo politician
  • 1934 Joanna Barnes, actress (Parent Trap, Spartacus, Goodbye Charlie), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman
  • 1935 Jerry Douglas, American director and writer (Grabby Awards Hall of Fame), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1940 Roberto Cavalli, Italian luxury fashion designer and inventor, born in Florence, Italy
  • 1941 Daniel Manus Pinkwater, American sci-fi author (Magic Moscow)
  • 1943 Roger Donaldson, director (Cocktail, Cadillac Man, White Sands)
  • 1947 William B. Richardson, American politician (Governor of New Mexico 2003-11, Rep-D-New Mexico, 1983-97), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1948 Roy P. Dyson, American politician (Rep-D-MD, 1981-2015), born in Great Mills, Maryland
  • 1953 Yuri Viktorovich Prikhodko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1954 Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Polish, politician (President of Poland, 1995-2005), born in Białogard, Poland
  • 1955 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • 1956 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • 1961 Ian Reid, Australian educator
  • 1968 James Brady, columnist (NY Post), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1969 Shane Mack, American politician
  • 1975 Scott Henshall, British fashion designer
  • 1977 Peter Mark Andrew Phillips, British son of Princess Anne, then 9th in succession to British throne
  • 1982 D. J. Fitzpatrick, National Football League kicker
  • 1982 Lofa Tatupu, National Football League
  • 1983 DJ Skee, American DJ/Personality
  • 1987 Ian Hecox, Member of Smosh
  • 1996 Vanessa Nakate, Ugandan climate activist, born in Uganda