On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 15

  • 1316 Jean I, King of France (Nov 15-19, 1316), born in Paris (he lived only 5 days)
  • 1397 Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), born in Sarzana, Republic of Genoa (d. 1455)
  • 1498 Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1558)
  • 1556 Jacques Davy Duperron, French Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Saint-Lô, Normandy, France (d. 1618)
  • 1559 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)
  • 1607 Madeleine de Scudéry, French novelist (Artamène ou le grand Cyrus), born in Le Havre, Normandy, France (d. 1701)
  • 1619 Philips Koninck, Dutch landscape painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1688)
  • 1660 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian, born in Melle, Westphalia (d. 1746)
  • 1661 Christoph von Graffenried, British peer from Switzerland who founded New Bern, Carolina, born in Worb Castle, Bern, Switzerland (d. 1743)
  • 1688 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1757)
  • 1692 Eusebius Amort, German Roman Catholic theologian, born in Bibermuehle, Bavaria (d. 1775)

Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Elder

1708 William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', born in London, England (d. 1778)

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

1738 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1822)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1741 Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss writer, philosopher and founder of physiognomics, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1801)
  • 1755 Jan Blanken, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Bergambacht, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • 1757 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), born in Glückstadt, Holstein, Germany (d. 1830)

  • 1784 Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (1807-13), born in Ajaccio, Corsica (d. 1860)
  • 1793 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), born in Épernon, France (d. 1880)
  • 1814 Pleasant Adam Hackleman, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Franklin County, Indiana (d. 1862)
  • 1815 John Banvard, American artist who painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), born in NYC, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1816 Joseph Bennett Plummer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Barre, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1829 Petrus Abraham Samuel van Limburg Brouwer, Dutch politician and critic (Akbar), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1873)
  • 1836 Pierce M. B. Young, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1840 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • 1859 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), born in Skotselv, Øvre Eiker, Norway (d. 1960)
  • 1862 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, born in Wesselburen, Holstein, Germany (d. 1945)

Person of interestGerhart Hauptmann

1862 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia (d. 1946)

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1871 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1872 Robert marquess of Flers, French author (Habit Vert)

Person of interestAugust Krogh

1874 August Krogh [Schack], Danish zoophysiologist (arterioles and capillaries, Nobel 1920), born in Grenaa, Jutland, Denmark (d. 1949)

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1875 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, born in Ulihatu, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1900)
  • 1881 Franklin P Adams, columnist (Information Please), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1882 Felix Frankfurter, 80th Supreme Court Justice (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1886 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)

Person of interestGeorgia O’Keeffe

1887 Georgia O'Keeffe, American sculptor/painter (Cow's Skull), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin (d. 1986)

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
  • 1887 Hitoshi Asida, Japanese politician

  • 1887 Marianne Moore, poet (Pulitzer 1951, Collected Poems), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1887 René Maran, Martinique, author (Batouala, Prix Goncourt)
  • 1890 Richmal Crompton, British author (d. 1969)

Person of interestErwin Rommel

1891 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), born in Heidenheim, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1944)

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1891 W Averell Harriman, American (Gov-D-NY)/ambassador to USSR (1943-46)
  • 1895 Antoni Słonimski, Polish writer (d. 1976)
  • 1897 Sacheverell Sitwell, English author (People's Palace), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1988)
  • 1897 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • 1898 Willy Alfredo, [Willem Jue], Dutch entertainer/poet (Fish-Trap)
  • 1899 Avdy Andresson, Estonian statesman (d. 1990)
  • 1899 Iskander Mirza, first President of Pakistan (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Curtis E Le May, air force general/VP candidate
  • 1907 Count Claus Schenck von Stauffenberg, German anti fascist colonel
  • 1909 Don Large, Canadian choral director (Wayne King)
  • 1913 Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 Dame Ruth Nita Barrow, 1st female Governor-General of Barbados (1990-95)
  • 1917 Gerardus H de Bold, bishop of Breda (1962-67)
  • 1919 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • 1922 Francesco Rosi, director (Lucky Luciano), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1922 Giorgio Manganelli, writer
  • 1925 Howard Baker, (Sen-R-Tenn), presidential chief of staff
  • 1925 Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (d. 1988)
  • 1927 Gregor Mackenzie, British politician (d. 1992)
  • 1928 William Heirens, serial killer (Lipstick Killer), born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1930 J[ames] G[raham] Ballard, China, sci-fi author (Drowned World)
  • 1930 Olene Walker, politician (R), 1st female Governor of Utah (2003-2005), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Jan Terlouw, Dutch politician (D-66) and author (Winters in Wartime)
  • 1931 Mwai Kibaki, Kenyan politician, President of Kenya (2002-13), born in Gatuyaini, Kenya
  • 1931 Pascal Lissouba, Congo politician
  • 1934 Joanna Barnes, actress (Parent Trap, Spartacus, Goodbye Charlie), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Jerry Douglas, American director and writer (Grabby Awards Hall of Fame), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1935 Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman
  • 1940 Roberto Cavalli, Italian luxury fashion designer and inventor, born in Florence, Italy
  • 1941 Daniel Manus Pinkwater, American sci-fi author (Magic Moscow)
  • 1943 Roger Donaldson, director (Cocktail, Cadillac Man, White Sands)
  • 1947 William B Richardson, (Rep-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • 1948 Roy P Dyson, (Rep-D-MD, 1981- )
  • 1953 Yuri Viktorovich Prikhodko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1954 Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Białogard Poland, politician and President of Poland (1995-2005)
  • 1955 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • 1956 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • 1961 Ian Reid, Australian educator
  • 1968 James Brady, columnist (NY Post), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1969 Shane Mack, American politician
  • 1975 Scott Henshall, British fashion designer
  • 1977 Peter Mark Andrew Phillips, British son of Princess Anne, then 9th in succession to British throne
  • 1982 D. J. Fitzpatrick, National Football League kicker
  • 1982 Lofa Tatupu, National Football League
  • 1983 DJ Skee, American DJ/Personality
  • 1985 Jeffree Star [Jeffrey Steininger Jr.], American Internet personality (Jeffree Star Cosmetics), born in Orange County, California
  • 1987 Ian Hecox, Member of Smosh