Birthdays in History on November 18

  • 1522 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman, born in La Hamaide, Ellezelles, Belgium (d. 1568)
  • 1527 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, born in Moneglia, Republic of Genoa (d. 1585)
  • 1584 Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1669)
  • 1630 Eleonora Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (1651-57), born in Mantua, Duchy of Mantua (d. 1686)
  • 1727 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist, born in Châtillon-les-Dombes, France (d. 1773)
  • 1772 Louis Ferdinand, Prussian prince and a soldier in the Napoleonic Wars, born in Friedrichsfelde Palace, Berlin (d. 1806)
  • 1774 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (1815-37), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1837)
  • 1785 David Wilkie, British painter, born in Pitlessie Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)

Louis-Jacques DaguerreLouis-Jacques Daguerre (1787-1851)

French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France

Sojourner TruthSojourner Truth (1797-1883)

African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York [birth date is approximate]

  • 1803 Cornelis Broere, Dutch Roman Catholic priest and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • 1804 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), born in Turin, French Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1810 Asa Gray, American botanist (Flora of North America), born in Sauquoit, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1810 Benjamin Stone Roberts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manchester, Vermont (d. 1875)
  • 1812 Jesse J. Finley, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Tennessee (d. 1904)
  • 1824 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Isham Nicholas Hayne, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Dover, Tennessee (d. 1868)
  • 1832 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer and mineralogist (Vega Expedition), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Americus Vespucius Rice, American politician, banker, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perrysville, Ohio (d. 1904)
  • 1839 August Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1845 John Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde) (d. 1925)
  • 1846 Prince Louis of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein nobleman and politician, born in Prague (d. 1920)
  • 1856 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1861 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, born in Woodstock, Tennessee (d. 1951)
  • 1863 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, born in Hermsdorf, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1874 Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116), born in Havana, Florida (d. 1991)
  • 1874 Clarence Day, American author (Life with Father), born in NYC, New York (d. 1935)
  • 1877 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), born in Ryde, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1959)
  • 1882 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • 1882 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1957)
  • 1883 Carl Vinson, American politician (38th Dean of the United States House of Representatives, 1961-65), born in Baldwin County, Georgia (d. 1981)
  • 1889 Maria Realino [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao) (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), born in London (d. 1974)
  • 1898 Joris Ivens, Dutch director (A Tale of the Wind, Rain), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Howard Thurman, African-American theologian and author (Deep River, Deep is the Hunger), born in Daytona Beach, Florida (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American illustrator (The New Yorker; Saturday Evening Post; Dithers & Jitters), and painter, born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia (d. 1987)
  • 1900 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1982)

George GallupGeorge Gallup (1901-1984)

American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, born in Jefferson, Iowa

  • 1902 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish author (regional novels) (d. 1945)
  • 1904 Jean Paul Lemieux, Canadian painter, born in Quebec (d. 1990)
  • 1906 Alec Issigonis, Greek-British automotive designer who designed the Mini, born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (d. 1988)

George WaldGeorge Wald (1906-1997)

American physiologist and biologist (Nobel Prize 1967, vitamin A in retina), born in NYC, New York

  • 1906 Klaus Mann, German-American author (Mephisto), born in Munich (d. 1949)
  • 1907 Halldis Moren Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (Harp and Dagger), born in Trysil, Norway (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Friedrich Weinreb, Polish economist and narrative author, born in Lemberg, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer, born in San Lazzaro Parmense, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Jaap Meijer, Dutch historian and rabbi in Paramaribo, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1918 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Bill Bedford, British test pilot (pioneered the development of V/STOL aircraft), born in Loughborough, England (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (1978-80), born in Al Qalyubiyah Governorate, Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Luis Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (1956-63), born in León, Nicaragua (d. 1967)
  • 1922 Viktor Afanasyev, Soviet politician and editor (Pravda), born in Aktamysh, Tatar A.S.S.R., Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (d. 1994)

Alan ShepardAlan Shepard (1923-1998)

American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire

  • 1923 Ted Stevens, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish jurist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Kim Besly, Peace activist (Greenham Common) (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Salvador Laurel, Filipino lawyer and politician (Vice President of the Philippines, 1986-92), born in Paco, Manila, Insular Government of the Philippine Islands (d. 2004)
  • 1929 William J. "Pete" Knight, American astronaut and test pilot (X-15), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek writer (Z) and diplomat, born in Kavala, Greece
  • 1935 Rodney Hall, Australian author
  • 1935 Rudolf Bahro, German dissident (d. 1997)
  • 1939 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate
  • 1939 John O'Keefe, American-English neuroscientist (2014 Nobel Prize for Physiology for discovery of place cells), born in New York City

Margaret AtwoodMargaret Atwood (83 years old)

1939 Canadian author (The Handmaiden's Tale) poet, activist and inventor, born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • 1940 Qaboos bin Said al Said, Omani politician and Sultan of Oman (1970-present), born in Salalah, Oman
  • 1941 Ronnie Lamont, Irish rugby union #8, flanker (12 Tests Ireland; 4 Tests British & Irish Lions), born in Co Antrim, Northern Ireland (d. 2022)
  • 1945 (Percy) Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lankan politician (Prime Minister, 2018-2022; President, 2005-15}, born in Weeraketiya, British Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)
  • 1945 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Alan Dean Foster, American sci-fi author (Midworld, Flinx in Flux)
  • 1948 Ural Nazibovich Sultanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1951 Justin Raimondo, American author (Antiwar.com), born in White Plains, New York
  • 1951 Mark N Brown, Valparaiso In, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 28, 48, 66)
  • 1952 Peter Beattie, Australian politician
  • 1953 Alan Moore, British comic book writer and novelist (Watchmen, V for Vendetta, Swamp Thing), born in Northampton, England
  • 1957 J.C. Watts (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 4th district, in office Jan 3, 1995 - Jan 3, 2003
  • 1957 Seán Mac Falls, Irish-born poet
  • 1962 Vladimir Vladimirovich Karashtin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1966 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1970 Peter Dutton, Australian politician, Minister for Home Affairs (2017-18), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1971 Thérèse Coffey, British politician (Deputy PM 2022-), born in Billinge, England
  • 1983 Jon Lech Johansen, Norwegian software developer (DeCSS software), born in Harstad, Norway
  • 1985 Christian Siriano, American fashion designer and Project Runway winner (season 4), born in Annapolis, Maryland