On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 19

  • 1462 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara, 104th Emperor of Japan (1500-26) (d. 1526)
  • 1563 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1626)
  • 1597 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Bavaria (d. 1660)

Person of interestCharles I

1600 Charles I, King of England (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (d. 1649)

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1600 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State & War), born in Dokkum, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1669)
  • 1607 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1678)
  • 1617 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), born in Paris (d. 1655)
  • 1700 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), born in Pimprez, Kingdom of France (d. 1770)
  • 1711 Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scholar and poet, born in Mishaninskaya, Archangelgorod Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1765)
  • 1722 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1809)
  • 1722 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania, born in Anne Arundel County, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • 1752 George Rogers Clark, American frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1844)
  • 1802 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, born in Cornwall, Vermont (d. 1866)
  • 1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1810 August Willich, Prussian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Braunsberg, Province of East Prussia (d. 1878)

  • 1811 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • 1812 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, born in Wiek, Rügen, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1827 Isaac M. St. John, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1880)

Person of interestJames Garfield

1831 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), born in Moreland Hills, Ohio (d. 1881)

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1833 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1834 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1835 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) and 40th Governor of Virginia, born in Fairfax County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1835 Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny (1857-58), born in Benares, Kingdom of Kashi-Benares (Varanasi) (d. 1858)
  • 1840 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1843 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Emile Wauters, Belgian painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Billy Sunday, American evangelist (revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States), born in Story County, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • 1875 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestHiram Bingham

1875 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1956)

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • 1876 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • 1879 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author and poet (Geuzenstad), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1886 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1887 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), born in Canton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1892 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, born in Rowen, Wales (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician (13th President of Portugal 1958-74), born in Lisbon (d. 1987)

  • 1895 Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American fashion photographer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1989)
  • 1897 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1918)
  • 1898 Arthur R. von Hippel, German physicist (pioneer in the study of dielectrics, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, and semiconductors and was a codeveloper of radar during World War II), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1899 Allen Tate, American poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), born in Porta Westfalica, Westphalia, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1904 Jacob "Jaap" Nanninga, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1904 Nathan Leopold, American murderer of Bobby Franks with Richard Loeb, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Jack Schaefer, American author (Shane), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Rose Isabel Williams, sister of Tennessee Williams, born in Gulfport, Mississippi (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Peter Drucker, Austrian-American management theorist, born in Kaasgraben, Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Adrian Conan Doyle, youngest son of Arthur Conan Doyle, born in Windlesham, Crowborough, Sussex (d. 1970)
  • 1912 George E. Palade, Romanian-American cell biologist (ribosomen, Nobel 1974), born in Iași, Romania (d. 2008)

Person of interestIndira Gandhi

1917 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India (d. 1984)

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1918 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister and founder of Pensacola Bible Institute in Pensacola, Florida, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Stanley Keith Runcorn, British geophysicist (pioneering studies of paleomagnetism provided early evidence in support of the theory of continental drift), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Yuri Knorozov, Russian epigrapher (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-born sociologist (Modernity and the Holocaust), born in Poznań (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Jeane J Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN (R), born in Duncan, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Jerry Sheindlin, American jurist; husband of Judith Sheindlin

Person of interestJack Welch

1935 Jack Welch, American businessman and CEO of General Electric (GE), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 2020)

Businessman and CEO of GE Jack Welch
Businessman and CEO of GE
Jack Welch
  • 1935 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1936 Dick Cavett, Kearney Neb, talk show host (Dick Cavett Show)
  • 1936 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939 Thomas Harkin, (Sen-D-Iowa, 1985- )
  • 1941 Tommy Thompson, American politician (42nd Governor of Wisconsin), born in Elroy, Wisconsin

Person of interestCalvin Klein

1942 Calvin Klein, American fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Calvin Klein
Fashion Designer
Calvin Klein
  • 1942 Gary L Ackerman, (Rep-D-NY, 1983- )
  • 1942 Sharon Olds, American poet
  • 1947 Lamar Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Texas 1987-2019), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1949 Mickey Lee Davis Jr, Tenn, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1951 Timothy J Penny, American politician (Rep-D-MN, 1983-95), born in Albert Lea, Minnesota
  • 1951 Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British lawyer and politician
  • 1954 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 6th President of Egypt (2014-present), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • 1955 Gloria Guida, Merano Italy, Miss Teenage Italy (1974)
  • 1956 Eileen Marie Collins, Elmira NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 63, 84)
  • 1956 Ann Curry, American journalist
  • 1957 Kathy Sanborn, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1957 Sharon Farrah, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1959 Jean-Francois Clervoy, Longeville France, astronaut (STS 66, 84)
  • 1963 Zsuzsanna Jánosi, Hungarian fencer
  • 1966 Rocco DiSpirito, American chef
  • 1973 Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer (Bring in 'da Noise), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1973 Ryukishi07, Japanese mystery writer
  • 1973 Takashi Matsumoto, Japanese photographer and business person
  • 1976 Jack Dorsey, American computer programmer, co-founder of Twitter, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1977 Lady Davina EAB Windsor, daughter of English prince Richard
  • 1979 Barry Jenkins, American director and writer (Medicine for Melancholy, Moonlight), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1983 Chandra Crawford, Canadian cross-country skier
  • 1997 Alexis May McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (2)
  • 1997 Brandon James McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (5)
  • 1997 Joel Steven McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (7)
  • 1997 Kelsey Ann McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (4)
  • 1997 Kenneth Robert McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (1)
  • 1997 Natalie Sue McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (3)
  • 1997 Nathaniel Roy McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (6)
  • 2009 Prince Gaston d'Orléans