Birthdays in History on November 19

  • 1462 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara, 104th Emperor of Japan (1500-26) (d. 1526)
  • 1563 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1626)
  • 1597 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Bavaria (d. 1660)

Charles ICharles I (1600-1649)

King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland

  • 1600 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State & War), born in Dokkum, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1669)
  • 1607 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1678)
  • 1617 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), born in Paris (d. 1655)
  • 1700 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), born in Pimprez, Kingdom of France (d. 1770)
  • 1710 Reynier de Klerk, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1778-80) [baptized], born in Middelburg, Dutch Republic (d. 1780)
  • 1711 Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scholar and poet, born in Mishaninskaya, Archangelgorod Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1765)
  • 1722 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania, born in Anne Arundel County, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • 1722 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1809)
  • 1752 George Rogers Clark, American frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1844)
  • 1799 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, born in Mauzé-sur-le-Mignon, Deux-Sèvres, France (d. 1838)
  • 1799 René Caillié, French explorer (1st European to return alive from Timbuktu), born in Mauzé-sur-le-Mignon, France (d. 1838)
  • 1802 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, born in Cornwall, Vermont (d. 1866)
  • 1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1810 August Willich, Prussian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Braunsberg, Province of East Prussia (d. 1878)
  • 1811 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • 1812 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, born in Wiek, Rügen, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1827 Isaac M. St. John, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1880)

James GarfieldJames Garfield (1831-1881)

20th US President (Republican: 1881), born in Moreland Hills, Ohio

  • 1833 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1834 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1835 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) and 40th Governor of Virginia, born in Fairfax County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1835 Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny (1857-58), born in Benares, Kingdom of Kashi-Benares (Varanasi) (d. 1858)
  • 1840 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1843 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Emile Wauters, Belgian painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Billy Sunday, American evangelist (revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States), born in Story County, Iowa (d. 1935)

Hiram BinghamHiram Bingham (1875-1956)

American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii

  • 1875 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1876 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • 1879 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author and poet (Geuzenstad), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1886 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1887 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), born in Canton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1892 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, born in Rowen, Wales (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician (13th President of Portugal 1958-74), born in Lisbon (d. 1987)
  • 1895 Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American fashion photographer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1989)
  • 1897 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1918)
  • 1898 Arthur R. von Hippel, German physicist (pioneer in the study of dielectrics, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, and semiconductors and was a codeveloper of radar during World War II), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1899 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • 1899 Allen Tate, American poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), born in Porta Westfalica, Westphalia, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1904 Jacob "Jaap" Nanninga, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1904 Nathan Leopold, American murderer of Bobby Franks with Richard Loeb, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Jack Schaefer, American author (Shane), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Luc Tourneir [Christian J. H. Engles] Netherland-Curaçaon poet, artist, and doctor, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1909 Peter Drucker, Austrian-American management theorist, born in Kaasgraben, Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Rose Isabel Williams, sister of Tennessee Williams, born in Gulfport, Mississippi (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Adrian Conan Doyle, youngest son of Arthur Conan Doyle, born in Windlesham, Crowborough, Sussex (d. 1970)
  • 1912 George E. Palade, Romanian-American cell biologist (ribosomen, Nobel 1974), born in Iași, Romania (d. 2008)

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi (1917-1984)

4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India

  • 1918 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister and founder of Pensacola Bible Institute in Pensacola, Florida, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Stanley Keith Runcorn, British geophysicist (pioneering studies of paleomagnetism provided early evidence in support of the theory of continental drift), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and epigrapher (major role indeciphering Mayan script), born in Kharkov, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-born sociologist (Modernity and the Holocaust), born in Poznań (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN (R), born in Duncan, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Jerry Sheindlin, American jurist and husband of Judge Judy, born in NYC, New York

Jack WelchJack Welch (1935-2020)

American businessman and CEO of General Electric (GE), born in Salem, Massachusetts

  • 1935 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1936 Dick Cavett, American talk show host (Dick Cavett Show), born in Kearney, Nebraska
  • 1936 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-American chemist (1986 Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in Hsin-chu, Taiwan
  • 1939 Thomas Harkin, American politician (Senator-D-Iowa, 1985-2015), born in Cumming, Iowa
  • 1941 Tommy Thompson, American politician (42nd Governor of Wisconsin), born in Elroy, Wisconsin

Calvin KleinCalvin Klein (80 years old)

1942 American fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), born in The Bronx, New York

  • 1942 Gary Ackerman, American politician(Rep-D-NY, 1983-2013), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1942 Sharon Olds, American poet (The Dead and the Living), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1947 Lamar Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Texas 1987-2019), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1951 Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British lawyer and politician
  • 1951 Timothy J. Penny, American politician (Rep-D-MN, 1983-95), born in Albert Lea, Minnesota
  • 1954 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egyptian politician, 6th President of Egypt (2014-), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • 1956 Eileen Collins, American USAF and astronaut (STS 63, 84), born in Elmira, New York
  • 1957 Sharon Farrah, American WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1959 Jean-Francois Clervoy, French engineer and astronaut (STS 66, 84), born in Longeville, France
  • 1963 Zsuzsanna Jánosi, Hungarian fencer, born in Budapest, Hingary
  • 1966 Rocco DiSpirito, American chef, born in Queens, New York
  • 1973 Ryukishi07 [real name unknown), Japanese mystery writer (When They Cry series), born in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
  • 1973 Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer (Bring in 'da Noise), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1973 Takashi Matsumoto, Japanese photographer and business person

Jack DorseyJack Dorsey (46 years old)

1976 American entrepreneur and computer programmer who co-founded Twitter and Square/Block, born in St. Louis, Missouri

  • 1977 Davina Windsor [Lady], English daughter of Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and member of the Royal family, born in London, England
  • 1979 Barry Jenkins, American director and writer (Medicine for Melancholy, Moonlight), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1997 Alexis May McCaughey, American septuplet (2), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Brandon James McCaughey, American septuplet (5), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Joel Steven McCaughey, American septuplet (7), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Kelsey Ann McCaughey, American septuplet (4), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Kenneth Robert McCaughey, American septuplet (1), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Natalie Sue McCaughey, American septuplet (3), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1997 Nathaniel Roy McCaughey, American septuplet (6), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 2009 Prince Gaston d'Orléans