On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 20

  • 270 Maximinus II, Emperor of the Roman Empire (308-313), born in Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad, Serbia) (d. 313)
  • 1327 Bassui Tokusho, Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan), born in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1387)
  • 1606 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat and historian (d. 1682)
  • 1620 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born aboard the Mayflower (d. 1704)
  • 1621 Avvakum, Russian Orthodox archpriest and writer, born in Grigorovo, Nizhny Novgorod (d. 1682)
  • 1625 Artus Quellinus II, Flemish sculptor, born in Sint-Truiden, Limburg, Belgium (d. 1700)
  • 1625 Paulus Potter, Dutch painter, born in Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic (d. 1654)
  • 1660 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, born in Nassenhuben [now Mokry Dwór, Poland] (d. 1741)
  • 1726 Oliver Wolcott, American judge, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in Windsor, Connecticut (d. 1797) [NS=Dec 1]
  • 1750 Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, born in Devanahalli, Bangalore, India (d. 1799)
  • 1752 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Christabel), born in Bristol, England (d. 1770)
  • 1761 Pius VIII, [Francesco Saverio Castiglioni], Italian 253rd Pope (1829-30), born in Cingoli, Marche, Papal States (d. 1830)
  • 1765 Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer, born in Aston Abbotts, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1819)
  • 1781 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, born in Jena, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1802 James L. Lardner, American naval officer (American Civil War), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1830 Patrick Henry Jones, Irish-American lawyer, Postmaster of New York City, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Westmeath, Republic of Ireland (d. 1900)

  • 1836 John Thomas Croxton, American attorney, diplomat, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Paris, Kentucky, (d. 1874)
  • 1838 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), born in Ireland (d. 1906)
  • 1839 Christian Wilberg, German painter, born in Havelberg, Germany (d. 1882)

Person of interestWilfrid Laurier

1841 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec (d. 1918)

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1841 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Margherita of Savoy, Queen consort of the Kingdom of Italy by marriage to Umberto I (1878-1900), born in Palazzo Chiablese, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1926)
  • 1855 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), born in Grass Valley, California (d. 1916)

Person of interestSelma Lagerlöf

1858 Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and Nobel laureate (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils), born in Mårbacka, Värmland (d. 1940)

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf
  • 1862 Willem Vliegen, Dutch journalist and chairman (SDAP), born in Gulpen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1871 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, born in White Plains, Georgia (d. 1965)
  • 1874 James Michael Curley, American politician (53rd Governor of Massachusetts, 1935-37), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Franz Pfemfert, German journalist and writer, born in Lötzen, East Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1884 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and bee expert (Nobel 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1982)

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

1889 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1892 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), born in Belleville, Ontario (d. 1965)
  • 1896 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Chester Gould, American cartoonist (Dick Tracy), born in Pawnee, Oklahoma (d. 1985)

  • 1902 Wolfgang Kunkel, German lawyer and law historian, born in Fürth, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1903 Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist, born in Patyali, near Allahabad, United Provinces of British India (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Henri-Georges Clouzot, French director (Le salaire de la peur), born in Niort, France (d. 1977)
  • 1909 Alan Bible, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), born in Lovelock, Nevada (d. 1988)
  • 1910 Pauli Murray, African American poet and civil rights activist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1985)
  • 1910 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hattem, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1912 Otto von Habsburg, last crown prince of Austria-Hungary and MEP (1979-1999), born in Wartholz Castle, Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1914 Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1915 Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director (Matatabi, Money Talks), born in Ise, Mie, Japan (d. 2008)
  • 1916 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, born in Voorburg, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Robert A. Bruce, American cardiologist and pioneer (exercise cardiology), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1916 John Elwyn, British painter, born in Adpar, Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, born in Białystok, Second Polish Republic (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Jim Garrison, American district attorney, politician and judge, born in Denison, Iowa (d. 1992)
  • 1923 Beryl Sprinkel, American economist (Council of Economic Advisers), born in Richmond, Missouri (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Serge Golovine, French ballet choreographer (Death of Narcissus), born in Monte-Carlo, Monaco (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-French-American mathematician (proved Zipf's law), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2010)

Person of interestRobert F. Kennedy

1925 Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (D-Sen-NY, US Attorney General), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1968)

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1926 Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-American endocrinologist (Nobel 1997), born in Wilno, Poland
  • 1927 Erhard Schnell, German automotive designer 'Father of the Opel GT', born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Valentine J Peter, priest (Boy's Town 1985- ), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Don DeLillo, American author (Underworld), born in New York City
  • 1937 Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright, born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1940 Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director and writer (Apple Trees, Manoever), born in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany

Person of interestJoe Biden

1942 Joe Biden, American politician (Vice President: 2009-2017), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden
  • 1942 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • 1943 Lindsay Thomas, American politician (Rep-D-GA, 1983-93), born in Patterson, Georgia
  • 1945 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author, born in Boudouaou, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1946 Patriarch Kirill [Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev] Russian Orthodox church leader (2009-), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1948 John Bolton, American security advisor and diplomat (US Ambassador to UN), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Thelma Drake, American politician, US Rep, Virginia (2005-09), born in Elyria, Ohio
  • 1951 David Walters, American politician
  • 1952 John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player
  • 1954 Steve Dahl, American radio host, Chicago's anti-disco DJ (WLS-FM), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1954 Berit Andnor, Swedish politician
  • 1955 Timothy Kristian Charles Mace, British cosmonaut
  • 1956 Sergei Gayevich Severin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1958 Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1959 James P. McGovern, American politician
  • 1963 Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
  • 1966 Jill Thompson, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1970 Matt Blunt, American politician, Governor of Missouri (2005-2009), born in Greene County, Missouri
  • 1972 Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1999 Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999 Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family