Birthdays in History on November 20

  • 270 Maximinus II, Emperor of the Roman Empire (308-313), born in Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad, Serbia) (d. 313)
  • 1327 Bassui Tokusho, Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan), born in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1387)
  • 1606 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat and historian (d. 1682)
  • 1620 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born aboard the Mayflower (d. 1704)
  • 1621 Avvakum, Russian Orthodox archpriest and writer, born in Grigorovo, Nizhny Novgorod (d. 1682)
  • 1625 Artus Quellinus II, Flemish sculptor, born in Sint-Truiden, Limburg, Belgium (d. 1700)
  • 1625 Paulus Potter, Dutch painter, born in Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic (d. 1654)
  • 1660 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, born in Nassenhuben [now Mokry Dwór, Poland] (d. 1741)
  • 1726 Oliver Wolcott, American judge, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in Windsor, Connecticut (d. 1797) [NS=Dec 1]
  • 1752 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Christabel), born in Bristol, England (d. 1770)
  • 1761 Pius VIII [Francesco Saverio Castiglioni], Italian 253rd Pope (1829-30), born in Cingoli, Marche, Papal States (d. 1830)
  • 1765 Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer, born in Aston Abbotts, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1819)
  • 1781 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, born in Jena, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1802 James L. Lardner, American naval officer (American Civil War), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1830 Patrick Henry Jones, Irish-American lawyer, Postmaster of New York City, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Westmeath, Republic of Ireland (d. 1900)
  • 1836 John Thomas Croxton, American attorney, diplomat, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Paris, Kentucky, (d. 1874)
  • 1838 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), born in Ireland (d. 1906)
  • 1839 Christian Wilberg, German painter, born in Havelberg, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1841 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1901)

Wilfrid LaurierWilfrid Laurier (1841-1918)

7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec

  • 1851 Margherita of Savoy, Queen consort of the Kingdom of Italy by marriage to Umberto I (1878-1900), born in Palazzo Chiablese, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1926)
  • 1855 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), born in Grass Valley, California (d. 1916)

Selma LagerlöfSelma Lagerlöf (1858-1940)

Swedish author and Nobel laureate (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils), born in Mårbacka, Värmland

  • 1862 Willem Vliegen, Dutch journalist and chairman (SDAP), born in Gulpen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1871 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, born in White Plains, Georgia (d. 1965)
  • 1874 James Michael Curley, American politician (53rd Governor of Massachusetts, 1935-37), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Franz Pfemfert, German journalist and writer, born in Lötzen, East Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1884 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and bee expert (Nobel 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1982)

Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble (1889-1953)

American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri

  • 1892 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), born in Belleville, Ontario (d. 1965)
  • 1896 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Chester Gould, American cartoonist (Dick Tracy), born in Pawnee, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Wolfgang Kunkel, German lawyer and law historian, born in Fürth, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1903 Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist, born in Patyali, near Allahabad, United Provinces of British India (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Henri-Georges Clouzot, French director (Le salaire de la peur), born in Niort, France (d. 1977)
  • 1909 Alan Bible, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), born in Lovelock, Nevada (d. 1988)
  • 1910 Pauli Murray, African American poet and civil rights activist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1985)
  • 1910 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hattem, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1912 Otto von Habsburg, last crown prince of Austria-Hungary and MEP (1979-1999), born in Wartholz Castle, Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1914 Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1992)

Hu YaobangHu Yaobang (1915-1989)

Chinese communist official and General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (1982-87), born in Liuyang, Hunan, Republic of China

  • 1915 Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director (Matatabi, Money Talks), born in Ise, Mie, Japan (d. 2008)
  • 1916 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, born in Voorburg, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1916 John Elwyn, British painter, born in Adpar, Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Robert A. Bruce, American cardiologist and pioneer (exercise cardiology), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, born in Białystok, Second Polish Republic (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Jim Garrison, American district attorney, politician and judge, born in Denison, Iowa (d. 1992)
  • 1923 Beryl Sprinkel, American economist (Council of Economic Advisers), born in Richmond, Missouri (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-French-American mathematician (proved Zipf's law, discovered the Mandelbrot set), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Serge Golovine, French ballet choreographer (Death of Narcissus), born in Monte-Carlo, Monaco (d. 1998)

Robert F. KennedyRobert F. Kennedy (1925-1968)

American politician (D-Sen-NY, US Attorney General), born in Brookline, Massachusetts

  • 1926 Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-American endocrinologist (Nobel 1997), born in Wilno, Poland
  • 1927 Erhard Schnell, German automotive designer 'Father of the Opel GT', born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Valentine J. Peter, American priest (Boy's Town), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Don DeLillo, American author (Underworld), born in New York City
  • 1937 Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright, born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1940 Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director and writer (Apple Trees; Germany, Pale Mother), born in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 2014)

Joe BidenJoe Biden (80 years old)

1942 American democratic politician, 46th US President (2021-), Vice President (2009-17) and Senator (1973-2009), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

  • 1942 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • 1943 Lindsay Thomas, American politician (Rep-D-GA, 1983-93), born in Patterson, Georgia
  • 1945 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author, born in Boudouaou, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1946 Patriarch Kirill [Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev] Russian Orthodox church leader (2009-), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1948 John Bolton, American security advisor and diplomat (US Ambassador to UN), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Thelma Drake, American politician, US Rep, Virginia (2005-09), born in Elyria, Ohio
  • 1951 David Walters, American politician, Governor of Oklahoma (1991-95), born in Canute, Oklahoma
  • 1952 John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player, born in Petrolia, Ontario
  • 1954 Berit Andnor, Swedish politician, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1954 Steve Dahl, American radio host, Chicago's anti-disco DJ (WLS-FM), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1955 Timothy Mace, British cosmonaut, (d. 2014)
  • 1958 Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1959 James P. McGovern, American politician (Rep-D-Mass 1997-), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1961 Mark Bradford, American artist (2016 Venice Biennale), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1963 Timothy Gowers, British mathematician (1998 Fields Medal), born in Malborough, England
  • 1966 Jill Thompson, American comic book writer and artist (Scary Godmother)
  • 1970 Delia Gonzalez, American-Mexican boxer, born in Anthony, New Mexico
  • 1970 Matt Blunt, American politician, Governor of Missouri (2005-2009), born in Greene County, Missouri
  • 1972 Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1999 Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999 Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family