On This Day

Birthdays in History on November 21

  • 1495 John Bale, English bishop and anti-catholic playwright (Kynge Johan), born in Cove, Suffolk, England (d. 1563)
  • 1561 Charles Scribani, IFlemish jesuit and author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1629)
  • 1567 Anne de Xainctonge, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, born in Dijon, France (d. 1621)
  • 1637 Catharina Questiers, Dutch poet (Friend of Abandoned Child), born in Amsterdam (d. 1669)
  • 1692 Carlo Innocenzo Fragoni, Italian poet, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1768)

Person of interestVoltaire

1694 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), born in Paris (d. 1778)

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1724 Jan Ekels the Elder, Amsterdam painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1781)
  • 1729 Josiah Bartlett, American physician and statesman (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Amesbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1795)
  • 1768 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia (d. 1834)

Person of interestWilliam Beaumont

1785 William Beaumont, American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1853)

  • 1787 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate and founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1865)
  • 1817 Richard B. Garnett, American Confederate Brigadier General, born in Essex County, Virginia (d. 1863)
  • 1824 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1828 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania (d. 1918)
  • 1829 Petrus Augustus de Génestet, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1861)
  • 1831 John Franklin Miller, American lawyer, businessman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1886)

Person of interestHetty Green

1834 Henrietta "Hetty" Green, American businesswoman and financier whose wealth and miserliness saw her known as the "Witch of Wall Street", born in New Bedford, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green
  • 1834 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, American attorney, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1853 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)
  • 1854 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian 258th Pope (1914-22), born in Genoa, Pegli, Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1922)
  • 1857 Manuel Estrada Cabrera, 13th President of Guatemala (1898-1920), born in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala (d. 1924)

Person of interestTom Horn

1860 Tom Horn, American gunman and outlaw, born in Scotland County, Missouri (d. 1903)

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1863 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)
  • 1867 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1952)
  • 1878 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, born in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1886 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), born in Tehran, Persian Empire (d. 1968)
  • 1897 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, born in Dunaevtsy, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1898 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), born in Lessines, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1902 Mikhail Suslov, Soviet statesman and party ideologist, born in Shakhovskoye, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1902 Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio broadcaster (Hockey Night in Canada), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1985)
  • 1907 Jim Bishop, American journalist and author (The Day Lincoln was Shot), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • 1907 M Eleonore Lippits, 1st Dutch female missionary doctor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 Elizabeth George Speare, American author (The Witch of Blackbird Pond), born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1994)

  • 1912 Anne Bolt, photo-journalist and trade unionist, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1986)
  • 1924 Christopher Tolkien, British author and son of J. R. R. Tolkien, born in Leeds, England (d. 2020)
  • 1924 Milka Planinc, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1982-86), born in Drniš, Yugoslavia (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Poncke Princen, Dutch anti-Nazi fighter, colonial soldier and human rights activist, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1929 Marilyn French, American author (The Women's Room), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1931 Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (one of the founders of Quantum electrochemistry), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1985)
  • 1933 Frank Brake, English multi-millionaire
  • 1933 Henry Hartsfield Jr, American astronaut (STS-4, STS 41-D, STS 61A), born in Birmingham Ala, (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
  • 1937 Marlo Thomas, [Mrs Phil Donahue], Detroit Mich (That Girl!, Jenny)
  • 1939 R. Budd Dwyer, American politician who committed suicide on TV (d. 1987)
  • 1940 Richard Marcinko, American author
  • 1942 Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • 1943 Larry Mahan, Oregon, rodeo champ (1967-70)
  • 1943 Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • 1943 Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • 1944 Marcia "Marcy" Carsey, TV executive/producer
  • 1944 Richard J Durbin, (Rep-D-IL, 1983- )
  • 1948 George Zimmer, American entrepreneur
  • 1953 Tina Brown, British journalist (New Yorker, Tattler), born in Maidenhead, United Kingdom
  • 1964 Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
  • 1967 Toshihiko Koga, Japanese Judoka
  • 1968 Christopher Noxon, American journalist
  • 1975 Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
  • 1977 Yolande James, Quebec politician
  • 1980 Alec Brownstein, American author, director