Birthdays in History on November 21

  • 1495 John Bale, English bishop and anti-catholic playwright (Kynge Johan), born in Cove, Suffolk, England (d. 1563)
  • 1561 Charles Scribani, IFlemish jesuit and author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1629)
  • 1567 Anne de Xainctonge, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, born in Dijon, France (d. 1621)
  • 1637 Catharina Questiers, Dutch poet (Friend of Abandoned Child), born in Amsterdam (d. 1669)
  • 1692 Carlo Innocenzo Fragoni, Italian poet, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1768)

VoltaireVoltaire (1694-1778)

French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), born in Paris

  • 1724 Jan Ekels the Elder, Amsterdam painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1781)
  • 1729 Josiah Bartlett, American physician and statesman (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Amesbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1795)
  • 1768 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia (d. 1834)
  • 1773 Robert Brown, Scottish botanist (discovered 'Brownian Motion'), born in Montrose, Scotland (d. 1858)

William BeaumontWilliam Beaumont (1785-1853)

American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut

  • 1787 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate and founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1865)
  • 1817 Richard B. Garnett, American Confederate Brigadier General, born in Essex County, Virginia (d. 1863)
  • 1824 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • 1828 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania (d. 1918)
  • 1829 Petrus Augustus de Génestet, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1861)
  • 1831 John Franklin Miller, American lawyer, businessman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1886)

Hetty GreenHetty Green (1834-1916)

American businesswoman and financier whose wealth and miserliness saw her known as the "Witch of Wall Street", born in New Bedford, Massachusetts

  • 1834 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, American attorney, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1853 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)

Benedict XVBenedict XV (1854-1922)

Italian 258th Pope (1914-22), born in Pegli, Genoa, Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia

  • 1857 Manuel Estrada Cabrera, 13th President of Guatemala (1898-1920), born in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala (d. 1924)

Tom HornTom Horn (1860-1903)

American gunfighter and outlaw, born in Scotland County, Missouri

  • 1863 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)
  • 1867 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1952)
  • 1878 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, born in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1886 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), born in Tehran, Persian Empire (d. 1968)
  • 1897 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, born in Dunaevtsy, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1898 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), born in Lessines, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1902 Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio broadcaster (Hockey Night in Canada), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Mikhail Suslov, Soviet statesman and party ideologist, born in Shakhovskoye, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1907 Jim Bishop, American journalist and author (The Day Lincoln was Shot), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • 1907 M Eleonore Lippits, 1st Dutch female missionary doctor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 Elizabeth George Speare, American author (The Witch of Blackbird Pond), born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Anne Bolt, photo-journalist and trade unionist, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1986)
  • 1924 Christopher Tolkien, British author and son of J. R. R. Tolkien, born in Leeds, England (d. 2020)
  • 1924 Milka Planinc, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1982-86), born in Drniš, Yugoslavia (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Poncke Princen, Dutch anti-Nazi fighter, colonial soldier and human rights activist, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1929 Marilyn French, American author (The Women's Room), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1931 Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (one of the founders of Quantum electrochemistry), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1985)
  • 1933 Frank Brake, English multi-millionaire
  • 1933 Henry Hartsfield Jr, American astronaut (STS-4; STS-41-D; STS-61-A), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
  • 1937 Marlo Thomas [Mrs Phil Donahue], Detroit Mich (That Girl!, Jenny)
  • 1939 R. Budd Dwyer, American politician who committed suicide on TV (d. 1987)
  • 1940 Richard Marcinko, American author
  • 1942 Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • 1943 Larry Mahan, Oregon, rodeo champ (1967-70)
  • 1943 Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • 1943 Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • 1944 Dick Durbin, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-97, Senator-D-IL, 1997-), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • 1948 George Zimmer, American entrepreneur
  • 1951 John Kennedy, American politician (Senator-R-Louisiana 2017-), born in Centreville, Mississippi
  • 1953 Tina Brown, British journalist (New Yorker, Tattler), born in Maidenhead, United Kingdom
  • 1964 Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
  • 1968 Christopher Noxon, American journalist
  • 1970 Karen Davila, Filipina broadcast journalist, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1975 Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
  • 1977 Yolande James, Quebec politician
  • 1980 Alec Brownstein, American author, director